網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

tlefield. She has fought over it twice-against China in 1894 and against Russia in 1904. She is about to find there the source of life and of national peace. For of all the thousand troubles Japan has, two are serious: The lack of FOOD and the lack of vital raw materials, such as iron and oil. And Manchuria seems to be the answer,—to a large extent.

Then there is still another thing:

Last year in my wanderings up and down the Homeland of the Sun, I saw that the only path of salvation for our dearly beloved Nippon lay through the industrialization of the country. Over every section of the Island Empire I saw industrialization going on feverishly, aggressively. It was no easy job all the same: every inch of the old country is encrusted with the vested interests of centuries. In Manchuria, building over the wreck of the Russian Dream, all is different. It affords an experimental ground for the Japanese which is hard to beat. At Dairen the Japanese have built a port and a city more modern, more sanitary, with better-built houses and better-paved streets than anything they have at home. In Manchuria, not in Japan, the Japanese brought into existence the South Manchuria Railway Company, absolutely the biggest Japanese company ever organized.

It should not surprise anyone to hear that the future captains of Japanese industries are coming out of Manchuria.

In the preparation of this book, I have helped myself freely to various data given in countless books, magazines, and other publications on Manchuria,

too many to mention here. I wish to make my gratesul acknowledgment for all of them. I am particularly indebted to that huge “mixed-storage warehouse" of information on Manchuria in seven fat volumes, called Man-Mo Zensho, and also to Hon. John V. A. MacMurray from whose valuable work, the entire text of the treaties and agreements with and concerning China in the appendices to this book has been reprinted by his kindly permission.

ADACHI KINNOSUKE.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

THE LAND:

Boundaries-Physical Complexions Mountain Ranges-North and

South Manchuria-Geographical Details—No. Scientific Surveys

Area-Rivers The Amur, the Sungari, the Yalu, the Liao-Port of

Yingkou-River Basins—The Central Plain—Valley of the Nonni-

The Sungari Plain-Coast Line-Forests—Timber-Climatic Con-

ditions

page 11

CHAPTER III.

THE PEOPLE:

The Tungus-The Kaoli and Fuyu States Kingdom of Pohai-

Kingdom of Kin-The Kin Master of Peking-The Mongol Empire

of Kublai Khan-Nuncheng—Coming of Nuerhachih-His Foreign

Policy-Conquest of China-Founding of the Taching Dynasty-

Manchuria Under the Taching Dynasty-Exclusion Policy of the

Manchu Dynasty-How the Chinese Farmer Immigrants Conquered

Manchuria-Troubles of_Manchu Bannermen-Colonizing Man-

churia with Bannermen-Failure with all the Governmental Sub-

sidies and Assistance-Chinese Merchants Follow in the Steps of the

Coolie-Manchuria Officially Opened to Chinese Immigration-Vic-

tory of the Chinese Farmer Coolies Complete

page 26

China's First Contact with a European Power-Treaty of Aigun-
Looting of Peking by the Allies in 1860–The Treaty of Peking and
the Gift of the Maritime Province—The Cassini Convention—The
Russo-Chinese Treaty of Alliance of 1896–Concession for Building
the Chinese Eastern Railway Through North Manchuria-Its Sig-

nificance to the People of the Far East-Russian Silence over the

German Seizure of Kiaochou—The Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula

-Building of the South Manchuria Railway-Founding of the City

of Harbin-Boxer Trouble of 1900—British Hands Tied-Russian

Promise of Evacuating Manchuria-Passing, of Russia from South

Manchuria-City of Harbin-Harbin an Industrial Center-Russian

Work in Port Arthur and Dalny

page 48

Farm Lands in Manchuria-Chinese Farmer Colonists—Character
of farmers-Size of Manchurian Farms-Obstacles Against Large

Scale Farming in Manchuria-Soil Character-Farming Methods
Farm Labor-Life Conditions of the Farmer-Crops-Soya Beans-
Kaoliang-Millet-Corn-Wheat-Barley-Lesser CropsFruit Trees
and Orchards.

o page 140

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Bean-oil Mills-Yufang-Old Fashioned Yufang and Its Methods
-Coming of Modern Oil Mills—Chemical Extraction Method–Flour

Milling-Harbin the Center of Flour Mills Effect of Russian Policy

on Harbin Mills—Chinese in Milling Business-Distilleries-Salt

Manufacturing-Other Industries

page 221

[ocr errors]

TRADE ROUTES AND TRANSPORTATION :

The Liao River-Its Value as a Trade Route-Only Route Open
to South Manchuria and Mongolia—No Roads in Summer Months
Type of Junks-Yingkou in the Early Days-Its Trade in 1899-Bean
and Bean Oil Trade of Yingkou-Yingkou of To-day—The Yalu
Route-Its Handicaps as a Trade Route-Only Means of Trans-
portation in Eastern Manchuria-Type of Junks Used on It-Port
of Antung-Its Development Since Russo-Japanese War-The_Sun-
gari-Compared to the Other River Routes Its History as a Trade

« 上一頁繼續 »