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tlefield. She has fought over it twice-against China in 1894 and against Russia in 1904. She is about to find there the source of life and of national peace. For of all the thousand troubles Japan has, two are serious: The lack of FOOD and the lack of vital raw materials, such as iron and oil. And Manchuria seems to be the answer,—to a large extent.
Then there is still another thing:
Last year in my wanderings up and down the Homeland of the Sun, I saw that the only path of salvation for our dearly beloved Nippon lay through the industrialization of the country. Over every section of the Island Empire I saw industrialization going on feverishly, aggressively. It was no easy job all the same: every inch of the old country is encrusted with the vested interests of centuries. In Manchuria, building over the wreck of the Russian Dream, all is different. It affords an experimental ground for the Japanese which is hard to beat. At Dairen the Japanese have built a port and a city more modern, more sanitary, with better-built houses and better-paved streets than anything they have at home. In Manchuria, not in Japan, the Japanese brought into existence the South Manchuria Railway Company, absolutely the biggest Japanese company ever organized.
It should not surprise anyone to hear that the future captains of Japanese industries are coming out of Manchuria.
In the preparation of this book, I have helped myself freely to various data given in countless books, magazines, and other publications on Manchuria,
too many to mention here. I wish to make my gratesul acknowledgment for all of them. I am particularly indebted to that huge “mixed-storage warehouse" of information on Manchuria in seven fat volumes, called Man-Mo Zensho, and also to Hon. John V. A. MacMurray from whose valuable work, the entire text of the treaties and agreements with and concerning China in the appendices to this book has been reprinted by his kindly permission.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Boundaries-Physical Complexions Mountain Ranges-North and
South Manchuria-Geographical Details—No. Scientific Surveys
Area-Rivers The Amur, the Sungari, the Yalu, the Liao-Port of
Yingkou-River Basins—The Central Plain—Valley of the Nonni-
The Sungari Plain-Coast Line-Forests—Timber-Climatic Con-
The Tungus-The Kaoli and Fuyu States Kingdom of Pohai-
Kingdom of Kin-The Kin Master of Peking-The Mongol Empire
of Kublai Khan-Nuncheng—Coming of Nuerhachih-His Foreign
Policy-Conquest of China-Founding of the Taching Dynasty-
Manchuria Under the Taching Dynasty-Exclusion Policy of the
Manchu Dynasty-How the Chinese Farmer Immigrants Conquered
Manchuria-Troubles of_Manchu Bannermen-Colonizing Man-
churia with Bannermen-Failure with all the Governmental Sub-
sidies and Assistance-Chinese Merchants Follow in the Steps of the
Coolie-Manchuria Officially Opened to Chinese Immigration-Vic-
tory of the Chinese Farmer Coolies Complete
China's First Contact with a European Power-Treaty of Aigun-
Historic Relations Between Manchuria and Japan-Sino-Japanese
Farm Lands in Manchuria-Chinese Farmer Colonists—Character
Scale Farming in Manchuria-Soil Character-Farming Methods
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Bean-oil Mills-Yufang-Old Fashioned Yufang and Its Methods
TRADE ROUTES AND TRANSPORTATION :
The Liao River-Its Value as a Trade Route-Only Route Open