Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923

封面
Harvard University Press, 2001 - 409 頁

Empires of the Sand offers a bold and comprehensive reinterpretation of the struggle for mastery in the Middle East during the long nineteenth century (1789-1923). This book denies primacy to Western imperialism in the restructuring of the region and attributes equal responsibility to regional powers. Rejecting the view of modern Middle Eastern history as an offshoot of global power politics, the authors argue that the main impetus for the developments of this momentous period came from the local actors.

Ottoman and Western imperial powers alike are implicated in a delicate balancing act of manipulation and intrigue in which they sought to exploit regional and world affairs to their greatest advantage. Backed by a wealth of archival sources, the authors refute the standard belief that Europe was responsible for the destruction of the Ottoman Empire and the region's political unity. Instead, they show how the Hashemites played a decisive role in shaping present Middle Eastern boundaries and in hastening the collapse of Ottoman rule. Similarly, local states and regimes had few qualms about seeking support and protection from the "infidel" powers they had vilified whenever their interests so required.

Karsh and Karsh see a pattern of pragmatic cooperation and conflict between the Middle East and the West during the past two centuries, rather than a "clash of civilizations." Such a vision affords daringly new ways of viewing the Middle East's past as well as its volatile present.

 

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用戶評語  - carterchristian1 - LibraryThing

Explains how we got from the Ottoman empire to the mess today. The authors emphasize that European countries really did not want to take it apart because of the consequences. A good map shows how ... 閱讀評論全文

內容

Introduction
1
Imperial Sunset
7
Riding the Napoleonic Storms
9
The Greek Tinderbox
18
Muhammad Alis Imperial Dream
27
Losing Egypt
42
Out of Europe
69
The Young Turks in Power
94
Istanbul and the Arabs
171
The Great Arab Revolt
185
Husseins Imperial Bid
199
Dividing the Bears Skin
222
Unite and Rule
245
The Balfour Declaration
247
The Undoing of the SykesPicot Agreement
259
Losing Syria
270

Demise of the Sick Man
103
The Ottoman Road to War
105
The Ententes Road to War
118
The Lust for Glory
138
Genocide in Armenia
150
Repression in the Holy Land
160
A Kingdom for Faisal
289
And One for Abdullah
314
From Empire to Nation
326
Epilogue
343
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常見字詞

關於作者 (2001)

Efraim Karsh is Professor and Director of the Mediterranean Studies Program at King's College, London.

Inari Karsh is a scholar of Middle East history and politics.

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