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APPENDIX 1.-DIRECTORIES.

Chinese Government Railways: Ministry of Communications..

Peking-Mukden (Ching-Feng) Railway..

Peking-Suiyuan (Kin-Sui) Railway..

Tientsin-Pukow Railway.

Cheng-Tai (Shansi) Railway..

Peking-Hankow Railway.

Shanghai-Hangchow-Ningpo (IIu-Ilang-Yung) Railway..

Shanghai-Nanking (Hu-Ning) Railway..

Kaifeng-Honan lines.

Hukuang (Han-Yueh-Chuan) Railways..

Chinese provincial railways..

Canton-Kowloon (Chui-Kuang) Railway.

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

Facing page.

Fig. 1. Central Station, Tokyo, Japan...

1

2. Railway map of China......

42

3. Tsinanfu station on the German section of the Tientsin-Pukow Rail-

way...

56

4. Tsinanfu station on the Shantung Railway...

56

5. Tientsin station of the Peking-Mukden Railway.

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6. Chinese post office at Tientsin.....

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7. Typical way station on the German-built railways in China....

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8. Typical way station on the Chinese-built Peking-Suiyuan Railway. 64

9. Overhead footbridge between tracks at Tsinanfu on the Tientsin-

Pukow Railway..

65

10. Overhead footbridge between tracks at Tangshan on the Peking-

Mukden Railway....

65

11. Typical Chinese graveyard at Tangshan...

65

12. Bridge on the French Yunnan Railway, showing stringer track con-

struction.....

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13. Bridge on the Peking-Hankow Railway after 1917 floods.

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14. Steel ties (sleepers) of Belgian manufacture on the Canton-Samshui

Railway..

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15. Steel ties (sleepers) on the French Yunnan Railway, Indo-China

lines.....

16. Chinese standard section of action ...

text figure on page..

17, 18. Typical examples of signaling on the Chinese Government Railways.. 76

19. Device used on the Peking-Hankow Railway in an attempt to prevent

crossties from checking...

20. Typical switch, switch stand, and rail fastenings on the Peking-

Hankow Railway.

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21. Derail and rail fastenings on the Peking-Hankow Railway.

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22. Locomotive on the Peking-Hankow Railway.

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23. Freight-car truck on the Peking-Hankow Railway.

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24. Dining car on the Peking-Mukden Railway...

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25. Platform baggage truck on the Peking-Hankow Railway.

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26. Type of box car used on the Chinese Government Railways.

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27. Type of tank car for handling refined petroleum products on the

Chinese Government Railways.......

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28, 29. Four-wheel goods car and caboose on the Shantung Railway.

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30. Low-side gondola car on the Shantung Railway....

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31. Special car for handling bulk lime on the Shantung Railway

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32, 33. Tramway cars and trailers, Tientsin..

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34, 35. Railless trolley cars in Shanghai.....

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36. Multiple-unit electrified equipment used in Tokyo suburban district. 162

37. Japanese-built superheater locomotive....

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38. Section of goods train on Japanese Government Railways..

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39. Locomotive drawing Baguio Special, Philippine Islands..

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40. Baguio Special leaving station..

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41. Oldest type of Philippine third-class passenger car (side entrance)... 233

42. Typical Philippine four-wheel goods wagon..

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43. Sheltered waiting station, Manila street railways.

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44. Track reconstruction, Manila street railways..

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45. Center-entrance car, Manila street railways..

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46. End-entrance car, Manila street railways....

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LETTER OF SUBMITTAL.

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE,
BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE,

Washington, June 2, 1919. Sir: There is submitted herewith a report on the markets for railway materials, equipment, and supplies in China, Japan, Chosen (Korea), Manchuria, and the Philippine Islands, prepared by Trade Commissioner Frank Rhea. The information is in the same general form as that in Special Agents Series No. 156, "Railway Materials, Equipment, and Supplies in Australia and New Zealand.”

On account of its present importance and future possibilities, China is taken up first, at length and in detail. Japan is considered second, although in the future that country is likely to be a competitor of the United States rather than a customer. Chosen is third and Manchuria fourth. Although the latter is Chinese territory, it has very close relations with Japanese and Korean railways and business enterprises. This is particularly true with respect to the activities of the South Manchuria Railway Co., which is managed under the auspices of the Japanese Government. The administration of that company is a branch of the Colonial Department of the Empire. The Philippine Islands appear last, though the situation there, in Mr. Rhea's opinion, is far from the least important.

Particular attention is given to the Chinese Government Railways, especially the possibilities of selling them rolling stock, of which these lines have an entirely inadequate supply at the present time.

The report is so arranged that it should serve as a ready-reference manual covering the railways of all these countries. Respectfully,

B. S. CUTLER,

Director. To Hon. WILLIAM C. REDFIELD,

Secretary of Commerce.

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