Comparative Peace Processes in Latin America
This book is about ending guerrilla conflicts in Latin America through political means. It is about peace processes, aimed at securing an end to military hostilities in the context of agreements that touch on some of the principal political, economic, social, and ethnic imbalances that led to conflict in the first place.
The book presents a carefully structured comparative analysis of six Latin American countries--Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Colombia, and Peru--which experienced guerrilla warfare that outlasted the end of the Cold War. The book explores in detail the unique constellation of national and international events that allowed some wars to end in negotiated settlement, one to end in virtual defeat of the insurgents, and the others to rage on.
The aim of the book is to identify the variables that contribute to the success or failure of a peace dialogue. Though the individual case studies deal with dynamics that have allowed for or impeded successful negotiations, the contributors also examine comparatively such recurrent dilemmas as securing justice for victims of human rights abuses, reforming the military and police forces, and reconstructing the domestic economy.
Serving as a bridge between the distinct literatures on democratization in Latin America and on conflict resolution, the book underscores the reciprocal influences that peace processes and democratic transition have on each other, and the ways democratic "space is created and political participation enhanced by means of a peace dialogue with insurgent forces.
The case studies--by country and issue specialists from Latin America, the United States, and Europe--are augmented by commentaries of senior practitioners most directly involved in peace negotiations, including United Nations officials, former peace advisers, and activists from civil society.
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Reflections by Alejandro Bendaña
Reflections by Julio Balconi
Reflections by Michael Conroy
Colombias Major Guerrilla Movements
The Decimation of Perus Sendero Luminoso
Reflections by Carlos Iván Degregori
Reflections by Jean Arnault
Reflections by Álvaro de Soto
Reflections by Francisco Thoumi
Reflections by James K Boyce
Reflections by Gerhard Henze
Guerrillas the Indigenous
Indigenous Identity and Rights in the Guatemalan Peace
accords activities actors agenda agreement areas armed forces army called Central America Chapter Chiapas City civil society civilian Colombia commission committed conflict constitutional continued created crime demands democracy democratic early economic efforts El Salvador elections electoral established EZLN fact final former groups Guatemala guerrillas human rights implementation important indigenous initial institutions involved issues justice land Latin America leaders major March meeting ment Mexico military mission movements negotiations Nicaragua organizations participation parties past peace accords peace process percent Peru police political population position possible President Press pressure problems reform region representatives respect response result role Salvador Salvadoran sectors Shining Path signed social society structure talks tion trade transition truth United Nations University URNG violence Washington Zapatistas