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The Anoshkin Notebook on the Polish Crisis,

December 1981

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(1) Trip to Poland (7-17.12.1981) during the introduction of "Martial Law"
(2) Trip to the CSSR for the “Druzhba-82" Exercises (Czechoslovak People's Army, Central

Group of Forces, and the Hungarian People's Army), 25-30.1.82
Meeting with Cdes. Husak and Dzur and the Armed Forces of the Central Group of Forces

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(10 December) 18:10

Conversation with
Cde. S. S. Gurunov

– We arrived from the Embassy. Meetings with Aristov and Pavlov. The news is that no teleg. has

yet come. We sent a 2nd ciphered teleg. under three signatures. .

2

- Senior officers/generals are working in the Gen. Staff bldg.

1. Simultan. they are stepping up their attacks against Poland's allied ties with the USSR.4

Pravda on 11.12, p. 5

They are pressing demagogic demands about Poland's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact and
CMEA, as well as about the use of lines of communication passing through Polish territory
for alliance purposes.

on tele

vis

Individual provocateurs are raising doubts about the existing Soviet-Polish borders and are maliciously defaming the history of the Soviet Army's role in liberating Poland from the Hitlerite occupiers.

All of this has caused legitimate consternation among the Soviet people.

11 DECEMBER

From 7:30 a.m. (Moscow time) VG' gathered the generals to size up the situation. We
reported it to DF the tone of the conversation was moderate!!
After breakfast we went to the Embassy.

Cde. B. I. Aristov raises the following:
Questions: – working out the withdrawal of families;

:

aircraft to Brest for an evacuation;

- kitchens to the Embassy to feed the Emb. guards;

11:30 Talks Between VG and Siwicki. They exchanged views. Siwicki requested that we come for

lunch at around 14-15:00 today.

Cde. Pavlov requested VG to speak with
D. F. Ustinov about receiving Vladimir
Aleksandrovich Kryuchkov in Poland.

“At this stage there will be no Soviet presence” that is the answer we gave to
Com. Milewski in Moscow' (see the telegram of B. I. Aristov on 10.12.81)

- "You are distancing yourselves from us” - Jaruzelski

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16:35 ?! VG arrived from the residence of Cde. Aristov, who reported on an extremely confidential basis that:

1. As instructed — Called - Jaruzelski and Milewski and raised questions:

(1) — We request that someone from the political leadership come to our country.

Who will and when?

(2) — To send a message of support to us. Aristov said that representation at the Center has been

arranged.

I W

(3) — Can we count on assistance of a military sort from the USSR? (about the additional sending of

troops)

(4) — What sort of measures of economic aid can the USSR provide to Poland?

A year-and-a-half of chattering about the sending of troops went on—now everything has disappeared. This is terrible news for us!! What is Jaruzelski's situation now?!"

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