A Little Corner of Freedom: Russian Nature Protection from Stalin to Gorbachev
University of California Press, 1999年2月26日 - 570 頁
While researching Russia's historical efforts to protect nature, Douglas Weiner unearthed unexpected findings: a trail of documents that raised fundamental questions about the Soviet political system. These surprising documents attested to the unlikely survival of a critical-minded, scientist-led movement through the Stalin years and beyond. It appeared that, within scientific societies, alternative visions of land use, resrouce exploitation, habitat protection, and development were sustained and even publicly advocated. In sharp contrast to known Soviet practices, these scientific societies prided themselves on their traditions of free elections, foreign contacts, and a pre-revolutionary heritage.
Weiner portrays nature protection activists not as do-or-die resisters to the system, nor as inoffensive do-gooders. Rather, they took advantage of an unpoliced realm of speech and activity and of the patronage by middle-level Soviet officials to struggle for a softer path to development. In the process, they defended independent social and professional identities in the face of a system that sought to impose official models of behavior, ethics, and identity for all. Written in a lively style, this absorbing story tells for the first time how organized participation in nature protection provided an arena for affirming and perpetuating self-generated social identities in the USSR and preserving a counterculture whose legacy survives today.
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讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
Zapovedniki in Peril 19481950
Liquidation The Second Phase 1950
The Deluge 1951
In the Throes of Crisis VOOP in Stalins Last Years
Death and Purgatory
Student Movements Catalysts for a New Activism
Three Men in a Boat VOOP in the Early 1960s
Storm over Baikal
Science Doesnt Stand Still
Environmental Struggles in the Era of Stagnation
Environmental Activism under Gorbachëv
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
VOOP after Stalin Survival and Decay
A Time to Build
A Time to Meet
More Trouble in Paradise Crises of the Zapovedniki in the Khrushchëv Era
其他版本 - 查看全部
Academy Academy of Sciences activists activity Agriculture already Archives asked August authorities Baikal began branch bureaucrats called cause Central commission Committee conference Congress conservation continued Council of Ministers created criticism cultural decree defend deputy director early ecological economic environmental especially existing field figure final forest forestry hand head human Ibid important Institute interests issue land late later leaders leadership letter listy Main Administration Makarov Malinovskii March meeting Ministry MOIP Moscow movement nature protection noted official organization Party plants political position present president Presidium problems proposed published question regime represented reserves responsibility RSFSR RSFSR Council Russian scientific scientific public opinion scientists sent served social Society Society's Soviet territories tion transformation TsGA f turned Union University USSR VOOP zapovedniki
第 291 頁 - I recall the first days when the conflict between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia began artificially to be blown up. Once, when I came from Kiev to Moscow, I was invited to visit Stalin who, pointing to the copy of a letter lately sent to Tito, asked me, 'Have you read this?' Not waiting for my reply he answered, 'I will shake my little finger — and there will be no more Tito. He will fall.
第 371 頁 - Collegium of the USSR Council of Ministers' State Committee for Science and Technology, and the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
第 291 頁 - ... But this did not happen to Tito. No matter how much or how little Stalin shook, not only his little finger but everything else that he could shake, Tito did not fall. Why? The reason was that, in this case of disagreement with the Yugoslav comrades, Tito had behind him a state and a people who had gone through a severe school of fighting for liberty and independence, a people which gave support to its leaders.
第 291 頁 - ... these mistakes and shortcomings were magnified in a monstrous manner by Stalin, which resulted in a break of relations with a friendly country. I recall the first days when the conflict between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia began artificially to be blown up. Once, when I came from Kiev to Moscow, I was invited to visit Stalin who, pointing to the copy of a letter lately sent to Tito, asked, "Have you read this?
第 375 頁 - Ecological and conservation thought at the turn of the century was nearly all in what might be called closed systems of one kind or another. In all of them some kind of balance or near balance was to be achieved. The geologists had their peneplain; the...
第 375 頁 - ... probably there is no consistent trend towards balance. Rather, in the present state of our knowledge and ability to rationalize, we should think in terms of massive uncertainty, flexibility and adjustability (Raup, 1964, p.
第 251 頁 - Representatives were sent by 35 organizations including the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Academies of the union republics, the USSR Ministry of Geology, geophysical trusts and universities.