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An Impartial View of PARTIES at Home,

and AFFAIRS Abroad.

Qua quò scelefti ruitis ? Aut cur dexteris.

Aptantur, enfes conditi?
Non ut superbas invida Carthaginis

Romanus arces ureret :
Sed ut, secundum vota Parthorum, fua:

Urbs hæc periret dexterâ.
Neque hic lupis mos, nec fuit leonibus

Unquam nisi in dispar feris.
Furorne cæcus, an rapit vis acrior :

An culpa ? Refponfum date.
Tacent, & ora pallor albus inficit,
Mentesque perculfæ ftupent.

Hor. Epod. Od. VII.

The SECOND EDITION.

LONDON:

Printed for J. ROBERTS, in Warwick-Lane. M.DCC.XLIII

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PA

Age 147. line 35. instead of Influence upon the Legislature

read Influence upon the other Members of the Legislature ; p. 171. 1. 42. instead of by read thro'; p. 173. 1. 6. dele late ; p. 174. 1. 43. instead of fomented read in flamed.

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Faction Detected,

BY THE

EVIDENCE of FACT S.

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PPOSITION to the Measures of Government, whether good or bad, is no new thing in this or any other Country, where the People have any

Share in the Legislature. For wherever that Circumstance is found, the Materials for the Advancement of private Views abundantly occur : And in .proportion to the Importance of such a Country, Subjects ambitious of Preferment have more Incentives to urge them on to Pursuits of this Nature, more Instruments to assist them in their Undertaking, and more Pretexts to delude and to impose upon the Multitude. The Employments in such a Country must of Necessity be numerous and lucrative, the Engagements of the Publick frequent and expensive, the Dangers from its Neighbours greater, their Jealousy and Ill-will more to be apprehended, and consequently with more Privacy and Caution counteracted. This enables artful Men to raise Murmurs against the most necessary Charges of the State, and to quarrel with the best Means of Publick Security with a manifest Advantage, because it is easy to dispute the Wisdom of Measures, which can never be intirely disclosed, till they are fully executed ; and the Poison infused into the People has performed its Operation before the Nature of the thing can possibly admit a Detection of the Falsities and Misrepresentations employed against them ; while the Publick, already prejudiced, never give themselves the Trouble to examine what is paft ; either taking more Delight in the Discovery of Error, than in the Pursuit of Truth; or not having the Means furnished with equal Industry, or being diverted by some fresh Objection, started to some new Conduct,

In proportion to the Riches of any Country, Poverty becomes more pressing upon many by a natural Contraft. In all fuch Countries the Wretched are certainly more wretched than in others which flourish less; because the Necessaries of Life are dear, and not to be had without that Industry, which

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