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activities apparently army attack attempt attitude become bourgeois bureaucratic cadres campaign Central Chairman China Chinese Chou communism Communist Confucian Confucius continue course criticism Cultural Revolution December directed discussion early enemies establishment fact factional Feng given human ideas ideology imply intellectuals interests January kind labor later leader leadership least less liberal limited Lin Piao Lin's living mainland March Marxism masses means military moderate moral movement nature October official oppose opposition organization P'eng particularly party peasants Peking People's perhaps persons political position probably problem purge radical reason Red Guards reform regime Report revolutionary rule rulers seems social society soldiers struggle Taiwan Teng theory things thought totalitarian traditional United workers youth
第 4 頁 - To maintain and transmit a value system, human beings are punched, bullied, sent to jail, thrown into concentration camps, cajoled, bribed, made into heroes, encouraged to read newspapers, stood up against a wall and shot, and sometimes even taught sociology. To speak of cultural inertia is to overlook the concrete interests and privileges that are served by indoctrination, education, and the entire complicated process of transmitting culture from one generation to the next.
第 3 頁 - The structures of power in which the political process takes place offer an explanation not only of how change originates and what direction it takes, but also of why it is necessary. Power always implies non-power and therefore resistance. The dialectic of power and resistance is the motive force of history.