Buddhism in the Shadow of Brahmanism
BRILL, 2011年2月14日 - 293 頁
For many centuries Buddhism and Brahmanism coexisted in the Indian subcontinent. This book concentrates on the way in which the two, after an initial period of relative independence, confronted each other, both in and around the royal courts and in society at large. In this confrontation, Buddhism was strong in philosophical debate, but could not compete with Brahmanism in the services it could provide to the centres of political power, primarily ritual protection and practical advice. Buddhism evolved in both areas, providing practical advice to lay people and rulers from early Mahayana onward, and ritual protection in its Tantric developments. Some of these developments came too late, though, and could not prevent the disappearance of Buddhism from the subcontinent.
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agrahāras appears Arthaśāstra ascetic Aśoka āśrama Aśvaghosa Bareau Bodhisattva bodily relics Brah Brāhmana brahmanical vision Brahmins Bronkhorst Buddha buddhist canon buddhist texts Candragupta century chapter claims Common Era composed considered cremated cult culture debate Dharma Dharmaśāstra dhists donations earlier early buddhist Edict EpInd evidence example further Gandhāra gift Greater Magadha Hinüber Hybrid Sanskrit ideas India influence inscription Jain Jainas Jainism Jātakas Jina king Kusānas land language Magadha Mahābhārata Mahākāśyapa Mahāyāna Mathurā Maurya empire mentioned monasteries monks Nāgārjuna Olivelle ontology Pāli passage Pātaliputra Patañjali philosophical political Pollock practices present Purohita refer region religion religious rites ritual role royal court rulers sacrifices Śaiva Śakas samādhis Sāmkhya scholars Schopen Śiva Southeast Asia spread of Sanskrit Śramanas story stūpa subcontinent Śūdras suggests surviving Sūtra Sutta Śvetāmbara tantric tion tīrthankara tradition Vaiśesika varnas Veda vedic verse village Vinaya vision of society words worship Yoga