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U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON : 1956

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office

Washington 25, D. C. Price 25 cents

FOREWORD

ems.

Beauty service is a promising occupational field for women, and there every indication that it will continue to be so. It ranks near the top in imber of women employed-fourteenth among 446 census occupational

It offers good opportunities for part-time work. It also affords pportunity for a woman to establish an independent business. This bulletin is one of a series of Women's Bureau reports on occupaonal opportunities for women. Like others in the series, it gives inforlation on training, entrance requirements, the kind of work done and onditions on the job, earnings, and advancement in the occupation. New atures in this report are discussions of State wage and hour regulations pplying to beauty-shop employees, and of matters especially important , the woman who wants to open her own beauty shop.

The report is designed to be helpful to women workers of all ages who e thinking of entering beauty service. It will assist counselors of women, oth in schools and in employment services. It contains information of alue to State officials, both on cosmetology boards and on minimum-wage oards.

ALICE K. LEOPOLD
Director, Women's Bureau.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Women's Bureau gratefully acknowledges information furnished from numerous sources, and, in particular, review of the manuscript by authorities in the Division of Vocational Education, U. S. Office of Education; the District of Columbia Board of Cosmetology; and the Anna Burdick Vocational High School, Washington, D. C. The Bureau also greatly appreciates the pictures furnished by the Zontian of Zonta International, Chicago, Ill. (fig. 1); Arkana Beautorium and Ru-Lo Academy, Washington, D. C. (fig. 2); the Anna Burdick Vocational High School, Washington, D. C. (fig. 4); and Cardozo Sisters, Washington, D. C. (fig. 5).

This report was prepared in the Bureau's Division of Program Planning, Analysis, and Reports, by Mary-Elizabeth Pidgeon and Agnes W. Mitchell.

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III. PREPARING FOR BEAUTY OCCUPATIONS

Preliminary education

Training in beauty-culture schools.

Apprentice training

Advanced training for specialties

Obtaining a license as a beauty operator.

Licensing requirements for special beauty occupations.

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IV. THE BEAUTY OPERATOR ON THE JOB

Entering the work..

The beauty operator's working hours.

Part-time work.

Earnings of beauticians

The operator who rents a beauty-shop booth

Organizations for beauticians

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V. CHOOSING THE OCCUPATION

Who should choose beauty service

"Pros and cons” of the beautician's job

Finding employment as a beauty operator

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VIII

1.-A beauty-shop owner puts finishing touches on a customer's coiffure.
2.- Mature women are in demand as beauty operators.
3.-Opportunities for advancement for beauticians.
4.- Beauty students in a public vocational high school in a science class .
5.-Manicuring is one of the first duties assigned to a new operator . .

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1. :-A beauty-shop owner puts finishing

touches on a customer's coiffure. 2.- Mature women are in demand as beauty

operators: .. 3.-Opportunities for advancement for

beauticians. 4.- Beauty students in a public vocational

high school in a science class. 5.-- Manicuring is one of the first duties

assigned to a new operator.

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APPENDIX

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State boards governing cosmetology
Organizations for beauticians
Examples of cosmetology training courses
Beauty-service licenses reported in 1955, by type of license
Beauty operators' licenses reported in 1950 and 1955, by State
Barbers, beauticians, and manicurists (list of job titles)
Selected references

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