The Sociology of the Professions: SAGE Publications

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SAGE, 1995年9月26日 - 240 頁
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This much-needed book provides a systematic introduction, both conceptual and applied, to the sociology of the professions.

Keith Macdonald guides the reader through the chief sociological approaches to the professions, addressing their strengths and weaknesses. The discussion is richly illustrated by examples from and comparisons between the professions in Britain, the United States and Europe, relating their development to their cultural context. The social exclusivity that professions aim for is discussed in relation to social stratification, patriarchy and knowledge, and is thoroughly illustrated by reference to examples from medicine and other established professions, such as law and architecture. The themes of the book are drawn together in a final chapter by means of a case study of accountancy.

 

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內容

Professions and social stratification
36
Professions and the state
66
The problem of ethnocentrism
71
England
72
Law
73
Medicine
77
Summary
78
The United States of America
79
Three cases of professional formation
105
Architecture
107
Accountancy
109
The state professions and historical change
114
Conclusion
119
Notes
122
Patriarchy and the professions
124
Women and modern society
126

Medicine
82
Summary
83
France
85
Medicine
88
Germany
89
Law
91
Medicine
92
Summary
94
State crystallizations
96
Conclusion
98
Notes
99
Professions and the state
100
State formation and professional autonomy
101
Social closure the special case of patriarchy
129
Caring professions
133
Mediation
134
Indeterminacy
135
Objectivity
137
Social closure in nursing and midwifery
138
Midwifery
144
Uncaring professions
149
Work knowledge science and abstraction
163
Conclusion
183
Building respectability
197
Author index
218
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關於作者 (1995)

Keith Macdonald has published numerous papers in Sociology, The British Journal of Sociology, and has contributed to many edited editions on the Sociology of Work and the Professions.

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