Xinjiang: China's Muslim Borderland

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S. Frederick Starr
M.E. Sharpe, 2004年3月15日
Eastern Turkestan, now known as Xinjiang or the New Territory, makes up a sixth of China's land mass. Absorbed by the Qing in the 1880s and reconquered by Mao in 1949, this Turkic-Muslim region of China's remote northwest borders on formerly Soviet Central Asia, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Mongolia, and Tibet, Will Xinjiang participate in China's twenty-first century ascendancy, or will nascent Islamic radicalism in Xinjiang expand the orbit of instability in a dangerous part of the world?

This comprehensive survey of contemporary Xinjiang is the result of a major collaborative research project begun in 1998. The authors have combined their fieldwork experience, linguistic skills, and disciplinary expertise to assemble the first multifacted introduction to Xinjiang. The volume surveys the region's geography; its history of military and political subjugation to China; economic, social, and commercial conditions; demography, public health, and ecology; and patterns of adaption, resistance, opposiiton, and evolving identities.

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內容

Introduction
3
Historical Background
25
Political and Cultural History of the Xinjiang Region through the Late Nineteenth Century
27
Political History and Strategies of Control 18841978
63
Chinese Policy Today
99
The Chinese Program of Development and Control 19782001
101
The Great Wall of Steel Military and Strategy in Xinjiang
120
The Economy of Xinjiang
163
The Ecology of Xinjiang A Focus on Water
264
Public Health and Social Pathologies in Xinjiang
276
The Indigenous Response
297
Acculturation and Resistance Xinjiang Identities in Flux
299
Islam in Xinjiang
320
Contested Histories
353
Responses to Chinese Rule Patterns of Cooperation and Opposition
375
Notes
397

Education and Social Mobility among Minority Populations in Xinjiang
190
A Land of Borderlands Implications of Xinjiangs Transborder Interactions
216
Costs of Control and Development
239
The Demography of Xinjiang
241
Bibliographic Guide to Xinjiang
451
Contributors
463
Index
469
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第 56 頁 - I met a traveller from an antique land Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command...
第 56 頁 - Two vast and trunkless legs of stone Stand in the desert. . . . Near them, on the sand, Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, Tell that its sculptor well those passions read Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed : And on the pedestal these words appear : 'My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair !
第 102 頁 - Uyghur firmly believes that their ancestors were the indigenous people of the Tarim basin, which did not become known in Chinese as "Xinjiang" ("new dominion") until the 18th century.
第 466 頁 - Professor of Political Science and East Asian Studies at the University of Minnesota.
第 111 頁 - But later in 1964, under the domination of "left" deviation, we again vigorously criticized the so-called "Right capitulationism" and "revisionism" in the national united front work, and refuted many of our good experiences. . . . During the Great Cultural Revolution, Lin Biao and the "gang of four" . . . artificially created large numbers of horrible, unjust, false, and wrong cases, and used the big stick of class struggle to attack and persecute many minority national cadres and the masses. They...
第 109 頁 - Chinese, the Uyghur distinguish themselves as the legitimate autochthonous minority, since both share a belief in Sunni Islam. In contrast to the nomadic Muslim peoples (Kazakh or Kyrgyz), Uyghur might stress their attachment to the land and oases of origin.
第 151 頁 - The Production and Construction Corps of the Sinkiang Military Region is not an ordinary force of land reclamation but a production force equipped with arms. Situated in the border area and in the front line of the struggle against revisionism and imperialism, it shoulders the heavy combat task of guarding the frontier of the mother country.

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