Molecular Politics: Developing American and British Regulatory Policy for Genetic Engineering, 1972-1982

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University of Chicago Press, 1994年10月17日 - 591 頁
The promise of genetic engineering in the early 1970s to profoundly reshape the living world activated a variety of social interests in its future promotion and control. With public safety, gene patents, and the future of genetic research at stake, a wide range of interest groups competed for control over this powerful new technology.

In this comparative study of the development of regulatory policy for genetic engineering in the United States and the United Kingdom, Susan Wright analyzes government responses to the struggles among corporations, scientists, universities, trade unions, and public interest groups over regulating this new field. Drawing on archival materials, government records, and interviews with industry executives, politicians, scientists, trade unionists, and others on both sides of the Atlantic, Molecular Politics provides a comprehensive account of a crucial set of policy decisions and explores their implications for the political economy of science.

By combining methods from political science and the history of science, Wright advances a provocative interpretation of the evolution of genetic engineering policy and makes a major contribution to science and public policy studies.

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One Social Interests in Promoting and Controlling Science
19
Two The Social Transformation of Recombinant
65
Three The Emergence and Definition of the Genetic
113
Four Initiating Government Controls in the United States
160
The Politics
221
Six Derailing Legislation 19771978
256
Seven Revising the National Institutes of Health Controls
281
Eight Operating the Genetic Manipulation Advisory
312
Eleven Dismantling the Genetic Manipulation Advisory
406
Twelve
438
Appendix A Excerpts from Transcript of the Enteric Bacteria
457
Appendix B New Data on Recombinant DNA Hazards Addressed
465
Bibliography
475
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Susan Wright lives in New York City.

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