Unnatural Deaths in the USSR, 1928-1954

Transaction Publishers, 1983年1月1日 - 63 頁

This astonishing and sobering account of government- and war-induced civilian deaths in the Soviet Union calculates that Soviet loss of life between 1928 and 1954 was far higher than Western exÂperts have ever believed. Applying mathematical techniques to Soviet demographic statistics, Dyadkin shows that Stalinist represÂsion and World War II must have taken the lives of between 43 and 52 million Soviet citizens.

In the first period, 1929-36, one of collectivization, Stalin controlÂled and eliminated classes; during the Great Purge of 1937-38, milÂlions of Communist party members and bureaucrats were executed, and then the purge extended into the Red Army. Dyadkin shows that World War II took close to 30 million lives and that during 1950-53 another 450,000 died in prison camps.


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1 Has No One Been Forgotten?
2 Basic Sources
3 Population Losses during the Class Elimination Period of 192936
192640195054 and the Gulag Population and Prison Death Rate 195054
5 Natural Death Rate 192740 and Losses from Repression and the SovietFinnish War of 193940
6 Birth and Death Rates from Unnatural Causes 192936
7 War Casualties and Losses Due to Privations during World War II
8 Assumptions and Techniques
9 Potential USSR Population Changes in 192650 without Repressive Policies and World War II
10 Conclusion
Selected Bibliography

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第 11 頁 - Franz Schurmann, Ideology and Organization in Communist China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968), vii, 504.
第 9 頁 - The World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations have approved the use of ionizing radiation as a preservation process for foods to be distributed throughout the world. Radiation has the ecological advantage that it is a "cold...
第 12 頁 - Urlanis BT. Trends in fertility level in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the years of Soviet rule.
第 3 頁 - ... normal" or six million with a death rate less than five times "normal"? You can't have it both ways. He is humble enough to admit he doesn't know. Eberstadt's Introduction makes some interesting points which are definitely worth pondering: "The Soviet Union. ..was the first government of the century to make the decision to annihilate large numbers of its citizens to secure domestic political objectives. It was also the first innovator and experimenter in this field (of mass murder)... the great...
第 7 頁 - Dr. Dyadkin's manipulation of data affords the reader a reasonable, and probably conservative, first approximation of the magnitude of unnatural mortality under Stalin. It is worth mentioning that Dyadkin's own estimates for fertility and mortality in the 1930s correspond closely with those reconstructed by a leading Soviet demographer...
第 10 頁 - ... small open economies that are used in the stochastic simulation model. Chapters 5 and 6 present the simulation model, discuss some of its operational characteristics and detail the results. The final chapter evaluates these results in terms of their policy implications.
第 39 頁 - I have referred to it simply as increase in view of the fact that for many years it has been far from natural in the common, nondemographic understanding.
第 11 頁 - Ch'ing and the other members of the Gang of Four were accused of responsibility for just over 34,000 deaths attendant to the turmoil of 1966-76. This charge explicitly excluded governmental "mistakes," which seem to have been both numerous and costly.