Politics and the Sciences of Culture in Germany, 1840-1920

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Oxford University Press, 1991年6月20日 - 320 頁
Examining the ways in which politics and ideology stimulate and shape changes in human science, this book focuses on the cultural sciences in nineteenth and early twentieth-century Germany. The book argues that many of the most important theoretical directions in German cultural science had their origins in a process by which a general pattern of social scientific thinking, one that was closely connected to political liberalism and dominant in Germany (and elsewhere) before the mid-nineteenth century, fragmented in the face of the political troubles of German liberalism after that time. Some liberal social scientists who wanted to repair both liberalism and the liberal theoretical pattern, and others who wanted to replace them with something more conservative, turned to the concept of culture as the focus of their intellectual endeavors. Later generations of intellectuals repeated the process, motivated in large part by the experiences of liberalism as a political movement in the German Empire. Within this framework, the book discusses the formation of diffusionism in German anthropology, Friedrich Ratzel's theory of Lebensraum, folk psychology, historical economics, and cultural history. It also relates these developments to German imperialism, the rise of radical nationalism, and the upheaval in German social science at the turn of the century.

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Introduction
3
1 The Liberal Theoretical Pattern in NineteenthCentury German Social Science
13
2 The Crisis of Liberalism and the Emergence of Cultural Science 18481862
35
3 The Contexts of Cultural Science
56
4 The Crisis of Liberalism and the Emergence of Cultural Science 18621885
86
5 Berlin Ethnology as Neoliberal Cultural Science
100
6 Völkerpsychologie
115
The Peasant as the Foundation of Culture
129
9 Exploration Imperialism and Anthropology
162
10 Historical Economics and Cultural History
174
11 Intellectual Politics and Cultural Science in the Wilhelmian Era
193
12 LebensraumTheory and Politics in Human Geography
219
13 Cultural Science and Politics
234
Notes
241
Bibliography
279
Index
293

8 The Diffusionist Revolt
140

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第 241 頁 - McCulloch" (JW Burrow, Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966], 15 [n.]). Both Lansdowne and Mill were students of Stewart's. 148. Veitch, "A Memoir of Dugald Stewart...
第 253 頁 - Wolfgang Hardtwig Geschichtsschreibung zwischen Alteuropa und moderner Welt Jacob Burckhardt in seiner Zeit.
第 246 頁 - Edwin G. Boring, A History of Experimental Psychology, 2nd ed. (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1950). 20. Kurt Danziger, "The Positivist Repudiation of Wundt," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 15 (July 1979): 205-230, esp.
第 v 頁 - I wish to express my gratitude to the National Endowment for the Humanities which made me a Senior Fellow enabling me to spend the whole academic year 1970-71 in Iceland.
第 87 頁 - The German Empire is the result of the policy of blood and iron as carried out by Prussia in three wars which were crowded into the brief period of six years, the war with Denmark in 1864, with Austria in 1866, and with France in 1870, the last two of which were largely the result of his will and his diplomatic ingenuity and unscrupulousness, and the first of which he exploited consummately for the advantage of Prussia.
第 6 頁 - There are several reasons for this, but the most important is that it gives you more time to devote to discussing the viands, and time is the essence of the ceremony.
第 244 頁 - ... (Donald G. Rohr: The Origins of Social Liberalism in Germany.

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