On Adam Smith and Confucius: The Theory of Moral Sentiments and the Analects

Nova Publishers, 2000 - 152 頁
The purpose of this book is to compare the ethical, social and economic principles advocated by Adam Smith and Confucius. Adam Smith is the most influential thinker in developed economies in modern times. Confucius was the most influential thinker in the Confucian regions (except Singapore) before the West became influential in these regions. It is important to note that among the Confucian regions only Singapore under Lee Kuan Yew has explicitly admired Confucius after the Second World War. The book shows that it is important to compare the two great thinkers in order to understand whether or not Westernization of the Confucian regions is sustainable and whether or not there will be "clashes of civilizations" between the Confucian regions and the West. The reader may also see how China has made fun of Confucius in the last one hundred fifty years and why the world has made fun of China during the same period of time.


讀者評論 - 撰寫評論




Smiths Rules of Justice and Confucius Rules of Propriety
The Wealth of Nations and Confucian Economic Doctrines



第 113 頁 - ... imagine that he can arrange the different members of a great society with as much ease as the hand arranges the different pieces upon a chessboard. He does not consider that the pieces upon the chessboard have no other principle of motion besides that which the hand impresses upon them; but that, in the great chessboard of human society, every single piece has a principle of motion of its own, altogether different from that which the legislature might choose to impress upon it.
第 109 頁 - If names be not correct, language is not in accordance with the truth of things. If language be not in accordance with the truth of things, affairs cannot be carried on to success.
第 22 頁 - They are replacing the traditional methods of the neogrammarians which were so prevalent at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
第 19 頁 - Things being investigated, knowledge became complete. Their knowledge being complete, their thoughts were sincere. Their thoughts being sincere, their hearts were then rectified. Their hearts being rectified, their persons were cultivated. Their persons being cultivated, their families were regulated. Their families being regulated, their States were rightly governed. Their States being rightly governed, the whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy.
第 38 頁 - When the original passions of the person principally concerned are in perfect concord with the sympathetic emotions of the spectator, they necessarily appear to this last just and proper, and suitable to their objects; and, on the contrary, when, upon bringing the case home to himself, he finds that they do not coincide with what he feels, they necessarily appear to him unjust and improper, and unsuitable to the causes which excite them. To approve of the passions of another, therefore, as suitable...
第 74 頁 - The superior man is easy to serve and difficult to please. If you try to please him in any way which is not accordant with right, he will not be pleased. But in his employment of men. he uses them according to their capacity. The mean man is difficult to serve, and easy to please.
第 131 頁 - According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to, three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understandings: first, the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies...
第 67 頁 - The difference of natural talents in different men is, in reality, much less than we are aware of; and the very different genius which appears to distinguish men of different professions, when grown up to maturity, is not upon many occasions BO much the cause as the effect of the division of labor.