Contract and Property in Early Modern China: Rational Choice in Political Science
Stanford University Press, 2004年2月18日 - 408 頁
Providing a new perspective on economic and legal institutions, particularly on contract and property, in Qing and Republican history, this volume provides case studies to explicate how these institutions worked, while situating them firmly in their broader social context.
第 1 到 5 筆結果，共 100 筆
... early twentieth century, strong tendencies toward self-enforcement had long been built in to the documents themselves in the form of regulations, penalty devices, and notarial forms of authentication such as witnesses and scribes.
Usage of "boilerplate" language for these documents in Minong village and in China as a whole afforded a universal format for potential lawsuits. Little recourse to Qing courts evidently took place in Minong, as social relationships ...
Liu's predilection for personal testimony rather than documents may simply have reflected his judicial persona, or disparate local conditions in the Upper Yangzi region as opposed to northern Taiwan. Chapter 6, by Jonathan Ocko, ...
... Chapter 7, by Feng Shaoting, documents the link between rural and urban concepts of real property that existed in this prosperous region since the late Qing era. Feng's chapter is centered around the subtleties of jiat an contracts, ...
... and diversified sets of "house rules" along with penalties for transgressing them. These documents exhibit an awareness of issues confronting business partnerships in a more 12 MADELEINE ZELIN, JONATHAN OCKO, ROBERT GARDELLA.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
一是曾小萍（Madeleine Zelin）指出：當明清時代中國商人於本國內地，西北、西南、東北邊區乃至東南亞等海外地區從事商業活動時，包含合夥、股份等不同型態的契約行為，便不斷地傳遞與演化（Madeleine Zelin, Jonathan K. Ocko, and Robert Gardella, “Introduction.” In Contract and Property in Early Modern China, pp. 2-3.）；
二是歐中坦（Jonathan K. Ocko）的提法：而當時在中國參與簽訂各項契約的民眾，他們在「想像、創造、維持與終結（各類契約中的）交換關係」時，究竟如何受到當時既有各類「團體規範」（group norms）的影響與形塑？會是很有意義的課題。學者建議不再採取偏重法官與法學家如何建構「契約法」這類所謂「法學中心論者」（legal centralists）所關心的議題，改採「團體規範」與「契約行為」互動的研究取徑，可能會更有啟發性（Jonathan K. Ocko, “The Missing Metaphor: Applying Western Legal Scholarship to the Study of Contract and Property in Early Modern China.” In Contract and Property in Early Modern China, p.197.）。
Managing Multiple Ownership at the Zigong Salt Yard
Financial Arrangements in
Contracting Business Partnerships in Late Qing
Chinese Names and Terms
List of Contributors
Supplemental Payment in Urban Property Contracts