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" ... proposals through the throne's secret memorial system, including a report by Governor-General Nien Keng-yao of Shensi, he recommended that provincial officials retain a fixed share of the taxes they sent to the central government. This retained share,... "
Contract and Property in Early Modern China: Rational Choice in Political ... - 第 175 頁
Madeleine Zelin 著 - 2004 - 408 頁
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The Cambridge History of China: Volume 9 Part 1, 第 1 卷﹔第 9 卷

John K. Fairbank - 2002 - 780 頁
...to the central government. This retained share, referred to as a "meltage fee" (huo-bao), became the "charge added to regular tax remittances to compensate...ingots for transporting to the central government.'" 8 The emperor's decision was based on reports of mounting corruption, which he was determined to reverse...
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Law and Local Society in Late Imperial China: Northern Taiwan in the ...

Mark Anton Allee - 1994 - 347 頁
...it is difficult to obtain enough data on rent rates to reach statistically significant findings. 17. "Technically, the meltage fee was a charge added to...for which no other special term existed." See Zelin, The Magistrate's Tael, 88. In the documents under consideration here, the meltage fee is denoted by...
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