Truman, MacArthur, and the Korean War

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - 186 頁
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A general history of the critical first year of the Korean War, this study deals primarily with relations between General Douglas MacArthur and President Harry S. Truman from June 1950 to April 1951, a period that defined the war's direction until General Mark Clark, the final U.N. Commander, signed the Armistice two years later. Although the ever-changing military situation is outlined, the main focus is on policymaking and the developing friction between Truman and MacArthur. Wainstock contradicts the common view that MacArthur and Truman were constantly at odds on the basic aims of the war. In the matter of carrying the fight to Communist China, MacArthur and the Joint Chiefs differed only on timing, not on the need for such action.

The end of the Cold War has provided historians with a better opportunity to study the forces that shaped the thinking of America's leaders at the time of the Korean War. The sheer quantity of material now available, while daunting, is filled with colorful and outstanding personalities, dramatic action, and momentous actions that have had an impact on world events even to the present day. Wainstock ultimately concludes that Washington placed too much emphasis on anti-Communist ideology, rather than long-term national interest, in the decision first to intervene in the war and later to cross the crucial 38th Parallel. He also emphasizes the important contributions of General Matthew B. Ridgway in stopping the Chinese offensive and in influencing Washington's decision not to carry the war to Communist China.

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Background to the Korean War
1
Invasion and Response
15
The North Korean Steamroller
31
Mac Arthurs Counterattack
45
Reunification and Red China
59
Chinese Communist FirstPhase Offensive
71
Chinese Communist SecondPhase Offensive
87
Decembers Closing Acts
99
Defining a Political and Military Policy
111
Mac Arthurs Dismissal
121
Reaction and Return
129
Recapitulation and Reflection
137
Notes
143
Selected Bibliography
173
Index
183
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第 13 頁 - Should such an attack occur one hesitates to say where such an armed attack could come from the initial reliance must be on the people attacked to resist it and then upon the commitments of the entire civilized world under the Charter of the United Nations...
第 132 頁 - Old soldiers never die; they just fade away." And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away — an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.
第 25 頁 - Nations furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security in the area.
第 121 頁 - I stand ready at any time to confer in the field with the commander in chief of the enemy forces in an earnest effort to find any military means whereby the realization of the political objectives of the United Nations in Korea, to which no nation may justly take exceptions, might be accomplished without further bloodshed.
第 132 頁 - Korea and bring hostilities to an end with the least possible delay and at a saving of countless American and Allied lives, I have been severely criticized in lay circles, principally abroad, despite my understanding that from a military standpoint the above views have been fully shared in the past by practically every military leader concerned with the Korean campaign, including our own Joint Chiefs of Staff.
第 91 頁 - If successful this should for all practical purposes end the war. restore peace and unity to Korea, enable the prompt withdrawal of United Nations military forces, and permit the complete assumption by the Korean people and nation of full sovereignty and international equality.
第 64 頁 - All constituent acts be taken, including the holding of elections, under the auspices of the United Nations, for the establishment of a unified, independent and democratic Government in the sovereign State of Korea...

關於作者 (1999)

DENNIS D. WAINSTOCK is an Associate Professor of History at Salem-Teikyo University in Salem, West Virginia. His teaching interests include American foreign policy, American politics and government, the Far East, the Middle East, and African-American history. He is the author of The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb (Praeger, 1996).

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