An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, 第 1 卷
Mundell, Doig, and Stevenson, Edinburgh; Lackington, Allen and Company Cradock and Joy, and T. Hamilton, London; and Wilson and Son, York., 1809
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according advantage afford ancient annual appear average become bring brought called carried cattle cause century circumstances cloth coin commodities commonly consequence considerable considered continually corn cultivation deal demand effect employed employment England equal Europe exchange expence extent fall farmer fertile five four frequently gain give gold greater importation improvement increase industry interest kind labour land landlord less lower maintain manner manufactures master metals mines money price naturally nearly necessarily necessary never occasion ordinary ounce paid particular pence perhaps person poor pounds present probably produce profit proportion purchase quantity quarter raise regard regulated rent require rich rise scarce Scotland seems shillings silver society sometimes sort subsistence sufficient superior supply supposed things tion town trade value of silver wages wages of labour weight whole workmen
第 177 頁 - People of the same trade seldom meet together even for merriment and diversion but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public or in some contrivance to raise prices.
第 19 頁 - It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their advantages.
第 75 頁 - The market price of every particular commodity is regulated by the proportion between the quantity which is actually brought to market, and the demand of those who are willing to pay the natural price of the commodity...
第 167 頁 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man...
第 21 頁 - The difference between the most dissimilar characters, between a philosopher and a common street porter, for example, seems to arise not so much from nature, as from habit, custom, and education.
第 66 頁 - As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce.
第 134 頁 - THE whole of the advantages and disadvantages of the different employments of labour and stock* must, in the same neighbourhood, be either perfectly equal, or continually tending to equality.
第 18 頁 - Whether this propensity be one of those original principles in human nature, of which no further account can be given; or whether, as seems more probable, it be the necessary consequence of the faculties of reason and speech, it belongs not to our present subject to enquire.
第 14 頁 - Each individual becomes more expert in his own peculiar branch, more work is done upon the whole, and the quantity of science is considerably increased by it.
第 2 頁 - ... than the greater part of those who work; yet the produce of the whole labour of the society is so great, that all are often abundantly supplied, and a workman, even of the lowest and poorest order, if he is frugal and industrious, may enjoy a greater share of the necessaries and conveniences of life than it is possible for any savage to acquire.