Labor Relations in China's Socialist Market Economy: Adapting to the Global Market

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - 231 頁


Ideological and cultural factors do not define or influence the way labor relations are conducted in China's workplace, as many suppose they do. Oakley shows that the impact of the global market has significantly altered the way labor relations are actually practiced in China, which follows what she calls a global market paradigm. Nevertheless, Maoism and Confucianism continue to influence labor relations in China, and the ideological and cultural remnants still to be found could affect China's relations with other nations for years to come. Instead of taking a macro-level, industrial-relations approach common to other studies of Chinese labor, Oakley provides an in-depth look at the problems emerging on the shop floor, in the wake of economic reform. She provides translations of actual case histories, each of which details the causes of disputes, the various methods that were found to resolve them, and their eventual outcomes. At a broader level of analysis, her book tends to support convergence theories, of which globalization is the latest, proving that there are other features in contemporary market labor relations that have emerged in China in direct response to the demands of global competition. The result is a superbly detailed examination of a topic too little covered and seldom well understood.

Oakley begins by considering the features of market labor relations and the emergence of a globalization-friendly style, in both Western and Asian economics. She continues with an analysis of the ideological and cultural dimensions of the relationship between managers and managed. In the next three chapters, she discusses the causes, resolution methods, and labor dispute outcomes. In each case she refers to the evidence of market, Maoist, and Confucian influences. The conclusion she draws is that while Confucian ideas and traces of Maoism continue to have an impact on the development and resolution of labor disputes in post-reform China overall, Chinese labor relations conform to the demands of the global, not the provincial, marketplace.

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Exploring Market Labor Relations in a Global Context
9
Nonmarket Labor Relations in China
39
The Causes of Labor Disputes in Contemporary China
67
The Resolution of Labor Disputes
101
Winners and Losers The Outcomes of Labor Disputes
137
Toward a Global Market Model
175
Bibliography
197
Index
227
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第 12 頁 - What are the common wages of labor depends everywhere upon the contract usually made between those two parties, whose interests are by no means the same. The workmen desire to get as much, the masters to give as little as possible.
第 50 頁 - Communist labour in the narrower and stricter sense of the term is labour performed gratis for the benefit of society, labour performed not as a definite duty, not for the purpose of obtaining a right to certain products, not according to previously established and legally fixed quotas, but voluntary labour, irrespective of quotas; it is labour performed without expectation of reward...
第 62 頁 - Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996).
第 50 頁 - In the same year, some members of agricultural co-operatives also created disturbances, and here too the main causes were bureaucracy on the part of the leadership and lack of educational work among the masses. It should be admitted that some people are prone to pay attention to immediate, partial and personal interests and do not understand, or do not sufficiently understand, long-range, national and collective interests.
第 202 頁 - Organisations in Asian Countries, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1974. Employers' organisations and industrial relations in Asia : record of proceedings of, and documents submitted to, a Regional Technical Seminar on Industrial Relations for Employers' Organisations in Asian Countries, Jakarta, November 1974.
第 52 頁 - What we have to deal with here is a communist society, not as it has developed on its own foundations, but, on the contrary, just as it emerges from capitalist society...
第 94 頁 - Subsistence Crises, Managerial Corruption, and Labour Protests in China," China Journal 44 (July 2000): 41-64, especially p.
第 64 頁 - From the Destruction of the Ancient Social System to the Creation of the New" written in 1920, Lenin sharply criticized those who held a mocking attitude (or the attitude of being pleased at the calamities of others) at the certain short-comings and mistakes committed in the course of developing the new undertakings of socialism. Lenin said: "Those who are afraid of the difficulties...
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關於作者 (2002)

SHEILA OAKLEY is an independent author. She has lectured in Chinese Studies at Murdoch University and in the Economics Department of Zhejiang University.

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