A Guide to Marx's 'Capital'

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CUP Archive, 1984 - 211 頁
For anyone wishing to understand the modern world, Marx's Capital is indispensable. It is also, unfortunately, a difficult book to read. Some of these difficulties are inevitable since the ideas are unfamiliar and complex, but it seems more forbidding than it really is and the reader who persists will find it worth the effort. The Guide is intended to be read in conjunction with Capital (though it can be read on its own). It goes through Marx's masterpiece, chapter by chapter, setting each in the context of the whole and picking out the main threads of the argument. Each of Marx's technical terms if explained when it is first used and is also defined in the glossary for easy reference. The introduction outlines the development of Marx's thought and relates it to the philosophical, political and economic ideas of his time. The Guide does not take sides for Marx or against him. Its aim is to contribute to a better understanding of his work.
 

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Chapter SO Illusions created by competition
1
Classical political economy
6
The economic background
15
Commodities and Money
21
Exchange
28
The transformation of money into capital
34
Constant capital and variable capital
41
Rate and mass of surplusvalue
47
Accumulation and reproduction on an extended scale
121
The conversion of surplusvalue into profit and of
127
Supplementary remarks
133
Equalization of the general rate of profit
139
The law of the tendency of the rate of profit to fall
145
Conversion of commoditycapital and moneycapital
152
Division of profit into interest and profit of enterprise Interestbearing capital
156
Division of profit Rate of interest
157

Machinery and modern industry
54
Production of absolute and of relative surplusvalue
61
The accumulation of capital
67
The socalled primitive accumulation
78
The modern theory of colonization
84
VOLUME TWO THE PROCESS OF CIRCULATION OF CAPITAL
85
The metamorphoses of capital and their circuits
87
The circuit of moneycapital
88
The circuit of productive capital
91
The circuit of commoditycapital
92
The three formulas of the circuit
93
The time of circulation
94
The costs of circulation
95
The turnover of capital
97
Fixed capital and circulating capital
98
The aggregate turnover of advanced capital
99
Theories of fixed and circulating capital The physiocrats and Adam Smith
100
The working period
101
The time of production
102
The turnover of variable capital
105
The circulation of surplusvalue
106
The reproduction and circulation of the aggregate social capital
110
Former presentations of the subject
111
Simple reproduction
112
Interest and profit of enterprise
158
Externalization of the relations of capital
159
Accumulation of moneycapital
160
The role of credit in capitalist production
161
Component parts of bank capital
162
Moneycapital and real capital I
163
Moneycapital and real capital II
164
Moneycapital and real capital III
165
The medium of circulation in the credit system
166
Precious metal and rate of exchange
167
Precapitalist relationships
168
Transformation of surplusprofit into groundrent
170
general remarks
171
First form of differential rent
172
Second form of differential rent
173
second case
174
Absolute groundrent
175
Building site rent Rent in mining Price of land
176
Revenues and their sources
180
Analysis of the process of production
182
Preface and introduction to A Contribution
191
Notes
205
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關於作者 (1984)

Karl Heinrich Marx, one of the fathers of communism, was born on May 5, 1818 in Trier, Germany. He was educated at a variety of German colleges, including the University of Jena. He was an editor of socialist periodicals and a key figure in the Working Man's Association. Marx co-wrote his best-known work, "The Communist Manifesto" (1848), with his friend, Friedrich Engels. Marx's most important work, however, may be "Das Kapital" (1867), an analysis of the economics of capitalism. He died on March 14, 1883 in London, England.

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