25 April 1915: The Day the Anzac Legend was Born
Allen & Unwin, 2007年4月1日 - 352 頁
On the 25th of April 1915 Australian troops landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now called Anzac Cove. They rushed from the beach up to Plugge's Plateau into Australian military history suffering many casualties on the way. Just after midday troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and together the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend. It was the events of this first day that set the course of the whole battle leading to the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915.
This is the story of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish side of what was to become a tragedy for all three countries and an ultimate triumph for Turkey. It concludes with the visit of Charles Bean, the official Australian war correspondent, to the peninsula in 1919 as part of the Australian Historical mission to organise the burial of the dead that had lain exposed to the elements for the last four years, and to the formation of the cemeteries that are today visited by thousands.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
Part I The Landing
Part II The Battle for the Ridges
Part III The Turkish Counterattack
Part IV Night
19th Division 27th Regiment 3rd Battalion 3rd Brigade 400 Plateau 9th Battalion advance Aker Anzac Cove Ari Burnu arrived artillery attack Baby battery battle Battleship Hill bayonet Bean boats Bolton’s Ridge bullets Captain Charles Bean Chunuk Bair climb commander counterattack cover Dardanelles Diary Drake-Brockman enemy firing line Fisherman’s Hut force forward front Gaba Tepe Gallipoli head ibid Johnston’s Jolly Kanli Kemal Kindon Lalor landing later recalled left flank Legge Valley Lieutenant Colonel Lonesome Pine Loutit M’Cay machine gun Major Malone’s Gully Margetts metres Monash Valley Mortar Ridge moved North Beach northern heights occupied officer ofthe ordered Owen’s Gully party Pine Ridge platoon Plugge’s Plateau position Prisk push reached rear reinforcements rifle Russell’s Top scrub Scrubby Knoll Second Ridge Sergeant Shrapnel Gully Sinclair-MacLagan slopes snipers soon southern spur submarine Third Ridge trench troops Turkish Turks Walker’s Ridge Westmacott Wire Gully wounded Zealand
第 3 頁 - The coast of Syria would have no effect. The only place that a demonstration might have some effect in stopping reinforcements going East would be the Dardanelles. Particularly if, as the Grand Duke says, reports could be spread at the same time that ' Constantinople was threatened. We shall not be ready for anything big for some months.
第 272 頁 - Brigadiers have represented to me that they fear their men are thoroughly demoralized by shrapnel fire to which they have been subjected all day after exhaustion and gallant work in morning. Numbers have dribbled back from firing line and cannot be collected in this difficult country. Even New Zealand Brigade which has been only recently engaged lost heavily and is to some extent demoralized.
第 61 頁 - ... was up to my shoulders. The Turks had machine-guns sweeping the strip of beach where we landed there were many dead already when we got there. Bodies of men who had reached the beach ahead of us were lying all along the beach and wounded men were screaming for help. We couldn't stop for them the Turkish fire was terrible and mowing into us. The order to line up on the beach was forgotten. We all ran for our lives over the strip of beach and got into the scrub and bush. Men were falling all around...
第 15 頁 - Fleet, we are about to force a landing upon an open beach in the face of positions which have been vaunted by our enemies as impregnable. The landing will be made good, by the help of God and the Navy; the positions will be stormed, and the War brought one step nearer to a glorious close. 'Remember...
第 272 頁 - Brigade which has been only recently engaged lost heavily and is to some extent demoralized. If troops are subjected to shell fire again tomorrow morning, there is likely to be a fiasco, as I have no fresh troops with which to replace those in the firing line. I know my representation is most serious, but if we are to reembark it must be at once.
第 15 頁 - ... Irresistible, the Ocean and possibly the Bouvet, and damaged the Inflexible. Hamilton's plans for the landing were completed by April 20. On the following day he issued his orders to the troops. 'Together with our comrades of the fleet,' he declared, 'we are about to force a landing upon an open beach in face of positions which have been vaunted by our enemies as impregnable.
第 33 頁 - the -s will give us a go after all.' ' Klock-klockklock. Wee-wee-wee' came the little messengers of death. Then it opened out into a terrific chorus . . . The key was being turned in the lock of the lid of hell.
第 141 頁 - I do not expect you to attack, I order you to die. By the time we are dead, other units and commanders will have come up to take our place.