Mixture and Chemical Combination: And Related Essays

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2002年1月31日 - 322 頁
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Mixture and Chemical Combination : And Related Essays
by Duhem, Pierre Maurice Marie; Needham, Paul (Editor, Introduction by, Translator)


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Introduction
Preface
Part 1 The Origins of the Chemical Revolution
Mixture and Chemical Combination (1902
1 Mixts According to the Atomists and According to the Peripatetics
2 The Notion of a Mixt in the Seventeenth Century
3 The Notion of a Mixt in the Eighteenth Century up to the Chemical Revolution: the Newtonian School
3 The Notion of a Mixt in the Eighteenth Century up to the Chemical Revolution: the Empiricist School
Part 2 From the Chemical Revolution to Our Time
1 Simple Substances
2 The Law of Definite Proportions
3 Crude Chemical Formulas and Equivalent Masses
4 Chemical Substitution
5 Chemical Types
6 Condensed Types, Valency and Developed Formulas
7 Isomers and Stereochemistry
8 The Atomic Theory: Critique of this Theory
9 Chemical Mechanics: First Attempts
10 Chemical Mechanics Based on Thermodynamics
Conclusion
Essays
Index
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Summary

Mixture and Chemical Combination : And Related Essays
by Duhem, Pierre Maurice Marie; Needham, Paul (Editor, Introduction by, Translator)



Terms of use
In addition to lecturing in physics, Duhem began to publish articles on philosophical and historical topics related to his scientific interests in the late 19th century, many of which appeared in the Catholic journal Revue des questions scientifiques. The present volume focuses on chemistry, and includes the book, Le mixte et la combinaison chimique (1902), as well as several related articles from Revue des questions scientifiques and other sources, appearing here in English translation for the first time. Translated by Paul Needham (U. of Stockholm). For Duhem scholars, philosophers of science and chemists with an interest in philosophy. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

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MIXTS ACCORDING TO THE ATOMISTS AND ACCORDING TO THE PERIPATETICS
5
THE NOTION OF A MIXT IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
9
THE NOTION OF A MIXT IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY UP TO THE CHEMICAL REVOLUTION THE NEWTONIAN SCHOOL
17
THE NOTION OF A MIXT IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY UP TO THE CHEMICAL REVOLUTION THE EMPIRICIST SCHOOL
22
From the chemical revolution to our time
29
SIMPLE SUBSTANCES
31
THE LAW OF DEFINITE PROPORTIONS
34
CRUDE CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUIVALENT MASSES
43
CHEMICAL MECHANICS BASED ON THERMODYNAMICS
107
CONCLUSION
114
THEORIES OF HEAT
121
The Creators of Thermodynamics
148
Heat and Movement
177
THE EVOLUTION OF PHYSICAL THEORIES FROM THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY TO OUR DAY
193
THERMOCHEMISTRY IN CONNECTION WITH A RECENT BOOK OF MARCELIN BERTHELOT
215
THE PHASE LAW IN CONNECTION WITH A RECENT BOOK OF WILDER D BANCROFT
235

CHEMICAL SUBSTITUTION
57
CHEMICAL TYPES
62
CONDENSED TYPES VALENCY AND DEVELOPED FORMULAS
68
ISOMERS AND STEREOCHEMISTRY
78
THE ATOMIC THEORY CRITIQUE OF THIS THEORY
85
CHEMICAL MECHANICS FIRST ATTEMPTS
95
A NEW SCIENCE PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
253
THE WORK OF J H VAN T HOFF IN CONNECTION WITH A RECENT BOOK
277
ON SOME RECENT EXTENSIONS OF STATICS AND DYNAMICS
291
ON BODIES AND MIXTURES OR COMBINATIONS
311
INDEX
315
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Duhem is best known in science for his work in thermodynamics and in history of science for his treatment of the Middle Ages. He was Professor of Physics at the University of Bordeaux.

Senior Director of Product Management for Database Security, Oracle
Paul is responsible for the development of Oracle Database security features and products spanning Oracle Advanced Security, Oracle Database Vault, Oracle Audit Vault and Database Firewall, and Oracle Label Security. Joining Oracle in 1991 as part of Oracle Consulting, Paul worked closely with customers to help identify their security needs and challenges, and to build innovative solutions. In 1998, he joined the Database Security team in Oracle s Server Technology development division. Prior to Oracle, Paul was responsible for various government projects at BDM International, a multinational information technology company, and an intern at the National Security Agency studying database security. Paul graduated from Purdue University with a bachelor s of science degree in computer science.

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