Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: An Exploration of the Comparative Method
One of the great riddles of cultural history is the remarkable parallel that exists between the peoples of Amazonia and those of Melanesia. Although the two regions are separated by half a world in distance and at least 40,000 years of history, their cultures nonetheless reveal striking similarities in the areas of sex and gender. In both Amazonia and Melanesia, male-female differences infuse social organization and self-conception. They are the core of religion, symbolism, and cosmology, and they permeate ideas about body imagery, procreation, growth, men's cults, and rituals of initiation.
The contributors to this innovative volume illuminate the various ways in which sex and gender are elaborated, obsessed over, and internalized, shaping subjective experiences common to entire cultural regions, and beyond. Through comparison of the life ways of Melanesia and Amazonia the authors expand the study of gender, as well as the comparative method in anthropology, in new and rewarding directions.
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A Theoretical Orientation
The Gender Politics of Male Cults
Local Models and Global Paradigms
AgeBased Genders among the Kayapo
Womens Blood Warriors Blood and the Conquest of Vitality in Amazonia
Damming the Rivers of Milk?
Movements in Melanesia and the Amazon
Some Internal Comparisons
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Abelam Achuar activities affines age grade Amazon Amazonia and Melanesia ancestors Ankave anthropology Arapesh associated Barasana Biersack birth bodily body Boiken boys brideservice bridewealth Canela ceremonial exchange Chapter child comparison context contrast cross-sex cultural Curripaco Descola enemy ethnographic Etoro father fertility fish flutes gender Gregor groups growth Hagen Herdt highlands Hugh-Jones human hunting husband Ilahita initiation rituals kastom Kawillary Kayapo killer killing kinship male and female male initiation male rituals Manambu manioc marriage masculine maternal Mehinaku Melpa men's cults menarche menstrual blood menstruation metaphors milk millenarian mother Mundurucâ Murphy myth myth-cult mythic omatisia Paiela pandanus Papua New Guinea persons pigs potency procreative regions relations relationship reproduction rites role sacred Sambia seclusion semen Sepik sex avoided sexual avoidance shaman similar social societies spirit substance symbolic taboos tion transformation Tukanoan Tuzin Viveiros Wakuénai Wari warriors wife woman women yams Yangoru Boiken Yanomami