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This report, "The Art and Science of Psychological Operations: Case Studies of Military Application," was prepared by the American Institutes for Research (AIR) under Department of the Army contracts in response to a request from the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations, Department of the Army.
Unless otherwise stated, views or conclusions contained in this report are those of AIR, the editors, or individual authors and are not necessarily those of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or any other department or agency of the U.S. Government. Furthermore, the U.S. Government does not necessarily endorse or concur with the statements made or the conclusions drawn by any of the authors or contributors to this casebook.
It should also be noted that many of the original source publications carry specific disclaimers on their mastheads. Therefore, no implication should be drawn concerning the original source publishers' views regarding any article published by them, without consulting the original source publication.
Comments and questions on this report are invited and should be addressed to AIR.
FOREWORD This collection of essays has been compiled by AIR using information in the open literature, unclassified government documents, and original contributions. In scope it covers the entire spectrum of military psychological operations (PSYOP). Appropriate consideration is given to related civilian activities as well as to relevant aspects of communication theory. Emphasis is placed on the entire operational field encompassed by such terms as "international communications," "political warfare," "cultural affairs,” “psychological operations” (PSYOP), and “psychological warfare.
The editors have sought to illustrate the effective and noneffective uses of PSYOP and to describe the problems encountered and the solutions adopted by military and civilian personnel involved in PSYOP/ Information activities during recent decades. Contrasting points of view were deliberately included in the casebook to provide a balanced as well as a general view of the state of the art. Some of the contributions may be considered as controversial, depending on the reader's point of view. Where copyrighted material has been quoted, permission has been obtained for its use.
Comments, corrections, additions, and suggestions for factual, interpretative, or other changes will be welcomed. They may be addressed to:
American Institutes for Research