Tiger Moths and Woolly Bears: Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution of the Arctiidae

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William E. Conner
Oxford University Press, 2008年11月20日 - 328 頁
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Moths of the family Arctiidae, with their brilliant coloration, spectacular courtship rituals, and bizarre defenses, are wonders of the natural world. Unpalatable by virtue of secondary chemicals acquired from their hostplants, these moths advertise their defenses by their coloration and often mimic butterflies, wasps, bees, stinkbugs, and even cockroaches. They have ears with which they hear the echolocation of bats, and some answer with aposematic warnings, while some may jam the bats' sonar. This book, the first written on this fascinating group, documents how tiger moths and woolly bears-the adults and larvae of the Arctiidae-flourish in a world rife with predators, parasites, and competitors. The contributing authors' accounts, each written by a recognized expert in the field, weave together seminal studies on phylogeny and behavior, natural history, chemical communication, mate choice and sexual selection, chemical ecology, parasite-host relationships, self medication, animal orientation, predator-prey interactions, mimicry, adaptive coloration, speciation, biodiversity, and more.
 

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內容

Chapter 1 Utetheisa ornatrix the Ornate Arctiid
1
Chapter 2 Evolution and Taxonomic Confusion in Arctiidae
11
Structure Function Behavior and Ecology
31
The Successful Adoption of a Plant Chemical Defense
55
Sequestration and Efficacy against Predators and Parasitoids
83
Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology of Polyphagous Woolly Bear Caterpillars
103
Chapter 7 Adaptive Coloration and Mimicry
115
Sex Pheromones of Female Tiger Moths
127
Chapter 11 Caterpillar Talk
173
Acoustic Aposematism Startle and Sonar Jamming
177
Chapter 13 Acoustic Courtship in the Arctiidae
193
Utetheisa in the Galápagos Islands
207
Chapter 15 Patterns of Arctiid Diversity
223
Sample Species Illustrating Diversity within the Arctiidae
233
Glossary
251
References
255

Chapter 9 AlkaloidDerived Male Courtship Pheromones
145
The Relationship between Chemical Defense and Sex in Tiger Moths
155

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關於作者 (2008)

William E. Conner has studied animal behavior and insect biology for more than thirty years. Conner is professor of biology at Wake Forest University, and received his PhD at Cornell. His studies of pheromonal and acoustic communication between the sexes and high-frequency sound communication between bats and moths have taken him from North Carolina, South Florida, and Arizona to mainland Ecuador and the Gal?pagos Islands. Recent findings include evidence for acoustic warning signals produced by moths and acoustic mimicry in the bat-moth arms race.

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