Ploughshare Village: Culture and Context in Taiwan

Front Cover

This anthropological study of a workers' village in North Taiwan makes an important contribution to the comparative literature on Chinese and Taiwanese social organization. Based on fieldwork conducted in 1973 and 1978, the study is exceptional not only because of its excellent data but also because the village itself was unique. Unlike villages previously studied and written about, Ploughshare was neither an agricultural nor a fishing village, but rather one whose inhabitants earned their living mostly from coal mining, knitting, and other non-agrarian activities. Culture and environmental context thus shaped social organization there differently than in other Taiwanese villages. This ethnography links local data to surrounding socioeconomic spheres: it shows the village's relationship to its region, to Taiwan as a whole, and to the international economy. It also captures an important point in time, as Taiwan was undergoing the "economic miracle" that brought it into the ranks of developed countries. Stevan Harrell's new preface highlights changes not only in the village over the last several decades, but also in the ways that anthropologists think about culture and Taiwan.

Ploughshare Village, with its rich descriptions and analyses, will be of value to anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and China specialists.

 

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Contents

Photographs
4
Ploughshare in the Socioeconomic System
16
A pushcart railway villagers picking tea
24
The Changing Nature of Work
54
Southern Taibei Basin and Major Sanxia Mines
61
Ploughshare Village 197378 110
78
Social Inequality
85
Community Relations
114
Family Organization
150
The Organization of Religion
182
Territorial Organization of Gods Birthday Celebrations
189
Copyright

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About the author (1982)

Stevan Harrell is professor of anthropology and environmental and forest sciences at the University of Washington. He is the author of Ways of Being Ethnic in Southwest China; coauthor of Fieldwork Connections: The Fabric of Ethnographic Collaboration in China and America; editor of Cultural Encounters of China's Ethnic Frontiers; and coeditor of Cultural Change in Postwar Taiwan.