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Total

Geographical Area

and Command Assignment

Total

Officers

Enlisted

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1

6 46 74 32 20

8 21

2 54 3 6 6

13

NNNOSoon W

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528

0

8 114

38

17

131,677

5

21 13,466

3

32

1,605

Liberia
Libya (Tripoli)
Morocco
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Rumania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Tangier
Turkey
Union of South Africa
USSR
Wales

Yugoslavia
ASIATIC-PACIFIC AREA

Afghanistan
Australia
Burma
Cambodia
China
Hawaiian Islands
India
Indonesia
Japan
Korea
Laos
Malaya
Marianas Islands
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippine Islands
Ryukyus Islands
Taiwan
Thailande
Viet Nam

J T F 7
AMERICAS-NORTH ATLANTIC AREA

Alaska
Argentina
Bermuda
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Ecuador
El Salvador
Greenland
Guatemala
Honduras
Iceland
Labrador
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama Canal Zone
Paraguay
Peru
Puerto Rico
Republic of Panama
Uruguay

Venezuela
FOREIGN ACTIVITIES AT LARGE
EN ROUTE TO US FROM OVERSEAS

US Army, Europe
Southern European Task Force
US Army Forces, Far East
US Army, Pacific

US Army, Caribbean
EN ROUTE FROM OS CMD TO OS CMD

61

7 18,136

9

11 39,582 62,433

7

8 653

3
46
653
6,046
2,367

326
450

863
32,174
18,286

3 20 16

48 1,505

7 19 10

6 4,447 5,460

3 6 41

2 27 65 576 721 100 288

69 3,047 1,392

2 4 9 28 198

118,211

2 2 3 29

3 16,531

4

5 35,135 56,973

4

2 612

1 19 588 5,470 1,646 226 162

794 29,127 16,894

1 16

7

20 1,307

3 7 7 7 4

2 1,101

3

7 1,320

0

14

13

9 1,249

9

11 1,409

1 6

11 6,808

12

17 2,640

2 6 43 610 7,625 1,888

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78

5,135

38 486

4

· Includes 1,415 individuals assigned to Southern European Task Force.

Includes 2 individuals assigned to U. S. Army, Europe.

Includes 11 individuals assigned to U. 8. Army, Pacific. d Includes personnel assigned to Administrative Areas and Signal Corps,

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TOTAL DEPT OF THE ARMY

USMA Cadets
TOTAL EXCLUDING CADETS
CONTINENTAL US
Continental US Commands

Continental Army Command
Army Antiaircraft Command
Technical Services

Dept of the Army Adm Area
Oversea Command

Joint Task Force 7
OUTSIDE CONTINENTAL US
Oversea Commands

US Army, Europe
SETAF
US Army Forces, Far East

Joint Task Force 7
US Army, Pacific

US Army, Alaska

US Army, Caribbean
Continental US Commands

En Route Overseas from US
Special Foreign Activities of:
Continental Army Command
Technical Services .........

Dept of the Army Adm Area
Separate Oversea Units

Continental Army Command
Technical Services

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The above table shows the distribution of Active Army personnel to major commands, at home and abroad, as of 30 June 1956.

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* Includes 34 retired officers on active duty. b Includes 1 commissioned officer assigned to Coast and Geodetic Survey. warrant officers detailed in other branches of the Army by DA orders.

e Does not include 94 WAC Mcers and 44 WAC

The above table shows, for officers only of the Active Army, the distribution by control branch or monitor assignment, command assignment and grade, as of June 1956.

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First Lieutenant

Second Lieutenant
Warrant Officers

Chief Warrant Officer, W-4
Chief Wararnt Officer, W-3
Chief Warrant Officer, W-2

Warrant Officer, W-1
Enlisted Personnel

Master Sergeant, E-7 (NCO)
Master Specialist, E-7
Sergeant First Class, E-6 (NCO)
Specialist First Class, E-6
Sergeant, E-5 (NCO)
Specialist Second Class, E-5
Corporal, E-4 (NCO)
Specialist Third Class, E-4
Private First Class, E-3
Private, E-2
Private, E-1

23,998 12,024 11,136

852 2,074 7,242

968 885,056 48,187

706 82,579

2,563 66,650 53,787 10.847 158,764 211,965 151,296 97,712

For strengths of the Army Reserve and National Guard, see chapter 4.

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HISTORICAL EVOLUTION. Older than our nation, the National Guard has the longest continuous history of any military organization in the United States. As an outgrowth of the early militia concept which provided for the common defense, its origin

can be traced back to the first years of the seventeenth century, when the settlers, in order to protect their lives and homes, banded together to form "train bands," or militia organizations, equipped and trained according to the needs of the times. As the country grew and new communities and States came into being, additional units were formed for local and national protection.

Early Guard Units. The distinction of being the oldest National Guard units in the United States with unbroken

lineages is shared by the 101st Engineer Battalion and the 182d Infantry Regiment, both of the Massachusetts National Guard. They were originally organized on 7 October 1636, when the General Court at Boston ordered that all eligible men be ranked into militia regiments. Known respectively as the East Regiment (later the Regiment of Essex) and the Old North Regiment (later the Regiment of Middlesex), they responded to the call at Lexington and Concord, where the American tradition of minutemen - citizen-soldiers standing ready at a moment's notice to serve their country-was born.

Another historic regiment, the 176th Infantry of the Virginia National Guard, descends from the Charles City-Henrico Counties Regiment of Militia organized

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