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REGULAR ARMY COMMISSIONED OFFICERS; PERMANENT PROMOTION. The table below shows the “grade distribution" prescribed by statute for Regular Army commissioned officers. The numbers given may not be
exceeded except as provided in Title 10, U. S. Code, Sec. 3299. The last six entries in the table are for the branches that have separate promotion lists of their own; the first entry is for the remainder of the Army.
Maximum Permanent Grade Distribution By Promotion List
% Med Corps
% Dent Corps
% Med Svc Corps
% Vet Corps
3,406 5,961 8,089 9,792 7,664 7,664
8.0 14.0 19.0 23.0 18.0 18.0
100% 250 100% 476 100% 725 100%
Officers may be advanced in permanent grade at earlier periods than the above table indicates, if vacancies exist and the Secretary of the Army deems it desirable to fill them by early advancement.
The permanent promotion of a 2d lieutenant to 1st lieutenant, after the 3 years prescribed above, is automatic unless he is found not fully qualified. (To determine this point his record is screened before the completion of the 3-year period.) For permanent promotion to the grades of captain, major, and lieutenant colonel, an officer must be selected by a board. Any officer not selected by two consecutive boards is eliminated.
A Regular officer in the permanent grade of lieutenant colonel, who has not been selected for promotion to the permanent grade of colonel before completing 28 years of service, is retired. A Regular officer in the permanent grade of colonel or brigadier general, who has not been selected for promotion to a higher permanent grade after serving 5 years in grade and completing 30 years of service, is retired unless he is a brigadier general approved for retention until age 60. A Regular offcer in the permanent grade of major general is retired after serving 5 years in grade and completing 35 years of service, unless he is approved for retention to the age of 60 (or 64).
For further information on retirement of Army personnel, see chapter 7.
RESERVE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS; PERMANENT PROMOTION. The Reserve Components of the Army are required to maintain an organization constantly manned and ready for mobilization. Therefore, permanent promotions are made in those components regardless of whether the Reserve offcer is on active duty or not. Such promotions follow the procedures for Regular Army promotions. The prescribed grade distribution for the Reserves is currently under revision.
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS; TEMPORARY PROMOTION. Temporary
promotions in the Active Army are made when the size of the Army is such that the officers of the Regular Army and of the reserve on active duty do not provide the required strength in the various grades. Such promotions seek to recognize the best and most able officers serving on active duty, regardless of component, with eligibility determined by the length of active duty service in a lower grade. The temporary grade distribution for the Active Army is based on the total number of commissioned officers on active duty, in accordance with statutory limitations, and is determined in conjunction with the annual appropriation act. The selection of officers for temporary promotion to the grades of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel is accomplished by selection boards at Headquarters, Department of the Army. When possible, boards are convened on an annual basis.
The temporary promotion of 2d lieutenants to 1st lieutenants has been dele. gated to commanders in the field.
Selection for promotion to CWO, W-2, is made on the "fully qualified" basis, with no restriction on the maximum number that may be chosen. In making its selections the Board has access to the officer's entire record. The Board's findings are not final until acted upon by the Secretary of the Army, who may approve or disapprove them in whole or in part.
Warrant officers not recommended or approved for permanent promotion are considered a second time by the Selection Board to meet in the following year. Failure of selection by the second board imposes mandatory retirement if the individual has completed 20 years active Federal service, or mandatory separation with severance pay if he has less than 18 years of service. Those with 18 years of service completed are retained until they are eligible for retirement.
WARRANT OFFICERS, RESERVE; PERMANENT PROMOTION. Procedures similar to the above are employed for the permanent promotion of Reserve warrant officers on active duty, in their reserve grades. However, promotion in a permanent reserve grade does not affect the active duty grade in which serving.
WARRANT OFFICERS, ACTIVE ARMY; TEMPORARY PROMOTION. The Secretary of the Army is authorized to effect the temporary promotion of warrant officers on active duty, under such regulations as he may prescribe. There are no specific statutory requirements. Temporary promotions made to fill active duty grade vacancies, considering the authorized strength for the fiscal year. The eligibility criteria are identical for all warrant officers on active duty, without regard to component.
Temporary Promotion to W-3 and W-4. Unlike permanent promotions, there are no fixed time-in-grade requirements for temporary promotion to the two top grades. Selection Boards are convened each year, or
as otherwise required, within Headquarters, Department of the Army, to consider all warrant offcers who meet the time-in-grade criteria which may be established. The time-in-grade standard may vary from
3 6 6
WARRANT OFFICERS, REGULAR ARMY; PERMANENT PROMOTION. They must be considered for permanent promotion as follows
After the Must be
following A warrant considered number of officer in for pro
years in the grade motion
ent grade WO, W-1
CWO, W-2 CWO, W-2 CWO, W-3 CWO, W-3
CWO, W-4 Regular Army Warrant Officer Selection Boards are convened each year within Headquarters, Department of the Army to consider eligible warrant officers for permanent promotion. A Board is composed of 5 Regular Army commissioned officers with permanent grades of lieutenant colonel or higher.
Selections to the two higher warrant officer grades are made on the "best qualified” basis. Under this system the Selection Board is furnished a number reflecting the maximum number that may be selected in each grade from those being considered. The maximum number may not be less than 80% of the eligibles who are to be considered for promotion for the first time.
year to year, depending upon the num- commanding officers. ber of eligibles, the promotion capabil- Permanent. Only members of the ity, and the selection rates to be used. Regular Army are eligible for permaAs in case of permanent promotion, nent promotion. Time in grade and selections are made by a board of 5 minimum service requirements are as commissioned officers, using the “best followsqualified" method of selection. Those
Service in selected for temporary promotion are
temporary placed on Recommended Lists, in order Grade service
grade of seniority, and promoted as vacancies
2 years in E-7 or higher
E-6 occur in the appropriate grade. Failure
2 years in E-6 or higher
E-5 7 years 2 years in E-5 or higher to be selected for temporary promotion E-4 3 years 2 years in E-4 or higher is not disqualifying from the standpoint
E-3 20 months 1 year in E-3 or higher of retention on active duty.
Appointments in grades E-4 and beTemporary Promotion to CWO, W2. low are made at company level withAuthority to effect this is decentralized out regard to quotas. Quotas for grades to major commanders in the field. They E-5 and above are allotted twice a year may redelegate such authority to com- to major commanders and heads of admanders of regimental or comparable ministrative and technical services by level units serving in the grade of the Department of the Army. IndividColonel. To be eligible for such pro- uals who complete 29 years of service motion, a warrant officer, W-1 must may be appointed to the grade next complete 18 months service in grade, above the permanent grade currently and must be considered fully qualified held. for the higher grade by the appropri- Temporary. For a temporary appointate appointing authority. There are no ment individuals must possess a milivacancy requirements. The cases of
tary occupational specialty with a skill warrant officers, W-1, who are not pro- digit appropriate to the higher grade, moted to CWO, W-2, in three years are occupy a higher grade position within referred to an Elimination Board, to the unit, and have completed the foldetermine fitness for retention on ac- lowing time in gradetive duty.
Service in grade a PROMOTION OF ENLISTED PER- E-9
16 months in grade E-8 E-8
14 months in grade E-7 SONNEL. Enlisted personnel are ad
12 months in grade E-6 vanced by promotion to higher NCO E-6
10 months in grade E-5 E-5
8 months in grade E-4 or specialist grades. Appointments are
6 months in grade E-3 both temporary and permanent and are
4 months in grade E-2
Appointing authority may waive as much as hall governed by AR 624-200. For both types, the required time in E-8 for appointment to E-9.
made only to All individuals must be in an appointable
vacancies within a command. Quotas for grades E-4 status and be recommended by their and above are set quarterly by the Department of
the Army. For more detailed data on promotions of Army personnel, consult the appropriate statutes or Army Regulations as per the following tabulation
Are governed by
And th The following statute
following AR Title 10, USC, Sects 3284, 3298, 3299, None 3300, 3302, 3304, 3305, 3306, 3307 ROPA of 1954
PAY, ALLOWANCES, AND PRIVILEGES OF
THE ACTIVE ARMY The pay, allowances, and privileges of members of the Active Army are granted to any member thereof, unless otherwise noted in this chapter. There is no differentiation in these emoluments between Regular and Reserve personnel while on active duty.
BASIC PAY. Rates of basic pay for all grades and years of service are shown in an accompanying table. Note that captains and lieutenants (grades 0-3, 0-2, and 0-1), who have over 4 years of active enlisted service, are entitled to special rates of pay.
MONTHLY BASIC PAY, ACTIVE DUTY
1 While serving as Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff. Chief of Staff of the Army, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, or Commandant of the Marine Corps, basic pay for this grade is $1,875.00 regardless of cumulative years of service.
? Does not apply to commissioned officers who have been credited with over 4 years' active service as an enlisted member,
officers With Over 4 Years' Active Service As An Enlisted Member
FLYING DUTY PAY. Extra pay for duty which requires frequent flights as a crew member is shown in an accompanying table, for all grades and years of service.
EXTRA PAY FOR FLYING DUTY
or Repair Title
120 feet Operations Master Diver
$5.50 per hour Diver, First Class
$5,50 per hour Salvage Diver
$5.50 per hour Diver, Second Class
$5.50 per hour a Payable at the rate of 5 cents per foot of total depth for each dive of over 120 feet, but cannot exceed the amounts shown in any given month.
b Payable in addition to the other special pay to members participating in actual salvage or repair operations at depths greater than 90 feet, or at depths less than 90 feet when extraordinary hazardous conditions exist.