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Date of Act 4 Sep 50

28 Oct 51

8-9 Oct 51

2 Jun 51

19-20 Jul 54

19 Sep 50

12 Oct 50

10 Sep 50

6-7 Sep 51

20-21 Jul 50

27 NOV 50

30-31 Jan 51

26 Apr 51

2 Jan 51

25 Apr 51

27 Nov.-1 Dec 50

30 Nov 52

25 Apr 51 24-25 Apr 51

14 Aug 52

Name, ASN, & Rank +Brown, Melvin L.

13303715, PIC Burke, Lloyd L.

061246, ist Lt *Burris, Tony K.

RA 18313674, Sfc *Charlton, Cornelius H.

RA 12265495, Sgt •Collier, Gilbert G.

US 54084882
Collier, John W.

15377981, Cpl
*Coursen, Samuel S.

059419, 1st Lt *Craig, Gordon M.

11183227, Cpl Crump, Jerry K.

RA 14340978, Cpl Dean, William F.

015453, Maj Gen † Desiderio, Reginald B.

01301272, Cpl *Dodd, Carl H.

02262354, 1st Lt *Duke, Ray E.

RA 34505554, Sic *Edwards, Junior D.

RA 37760677, Sfc *Essebagger, John, Jr.

ER 16269483, Cpl *Faith, Don C., Jr.

046673, Lt Col *George, Charles

RĂ 14403390, Pfc Guliland, Charles L.

RA 18350728, Cpl *Goodblood, Clair

RA 11171892, Cpl *Hammond, Lester, Jr.

RA 16291489, Cpl •Handrich, Melvin 0.

36258213, M/Sgt *Hanson, Jack G.

RA 18359825, Pfc *Hartell, Lee R.

0944579, 1st Lt Harvey, Raymond

01286281, Capt †Henry, Frederick F.

02007676, 1st Lt
Hernandez, Rodolfo P.

RA 19324605, Cpl
Ingman, Einar H.

16301508, Sgt
•Jecelin, William R.

13277545, Sgt •Jordan, Mack A.

US 53054655, Pfc *Kanell, Billie G.

RA 17317531, Pvt *Kaufman, Loren R.

19005070, Sic
*Knight, Noah O.

RA 14330258, Pfc
Kouma, Ernest R.

RA 7060531, M/Sgt
*Krzyzowski, Edward C.

01310728, Capt Kyle, Darwin K.

02262608, 20 Lt Lee, Hubert L.

RA 6283386, M/Sgt *Libby, George D.

31153010, Sgt •Long, Charles R.

ER 37504082, Sgt •Lyell, William F.

US 53024480, Cpl *Martinez, Benito

US 54055424, Cpl *McGovern, Robert M.

01341808, 1st Lt

Place of Act Kasan, Korea Chong-dong, Korea Mundung-ni, Korea Chipo-ri, Korea Tutayon, Korea Chindongni, Korea Kaesong, Korea Kasan, Korea Chorwon, Korea Taejon, Korea Ipsok, Korea Subuk, Korea Mugol, Korea Changbong-ni, Korea Popsu-dong. Korea Hagaruri, Korea Songnae-dong, Korea Tongmang-ni, Korea Popsu-dong, Korea Kumwha, Korea Sobuk San, Korea Pachi-dong, Korea Kobangsan-ni, Korea Taemi-Dong, Korea Am-Dong, Korea Wontong-ni, Korea Maltari, Korea Saga, Korea Kumsong, Korea Pyonggong, Korea Yongsan, Korea Kowang-San, Korea Agok, Korea Tondul, Korea Kamil-al, Korea Ip-o-ri, Korea Taejon, Korea Hoengsong, Korea Chupa-ri, Korea Satae-ri, Korea Kamyangjan-as, Korea

25-26 Aug 50

7 Jun 51

27 Aug 51

9 Mar 51

1 Sep 50

31 May 51

26 Feb 51

19 Sep 50

15 Nov 51

7 Sep 51 4-5 Sep 50

23-24 Nov 51

31 Aug-1 Sep 50 31 Aug-3 Sep 51

16 Feb 51

1 Feb 51

20 Jul 50

12 Feb 51

31 Aug 51

6 Sep 52

30 Jan 51

Posthumous. † Presented to next of kin while recipient was missing in action status.

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4 Jul 51

7 Feb 51

24-25 Apr 51

10-11 Jun 53

20 May 51 31 Aug-3 Sep 50

29 NOV-10 Dec 50

16-17 Jul 53

17 Sep 51

26 Nov 50

15 Oct 52

7 Sep 52

5 Nov 50

21 May 51

12 Jan 52

Name, ASN, & Rank *Mendonca, LeRoy A.

RA 10104748, Sgt
Millett, Lewis L.

01540712, Capt Miyamura, Hiroshi H.

ER 38584192, Cpl Mize, Ola L.

RA 14348384, M/Sgt *Moyer, Donald R.

RA 16263096, Sic *Ouellette, Joseph R.

11177953, PIC •Page, John U. D.

029085, Lt Col *Pendleton, Charles F.

RA 25916461, Cpl *Pilllaau, Herbert K.

US 50001702, Plc Pittman, John A.

RA 14267588, Sgt •Pomeroy, Ralph E.

US 52129359, Pfc *Porter, Donn F.

RA 13376470, Sgt •Red Cloud, Mitchell, Jr.

16299515, Cpl Rodriguez, Joseph C.

US 56068814, Sgt Rosser, Ronald E.

RA 15248979, Cpl •Schoonover, Dan D.

RA 19395330, Cpl Schowalter, Edward R., Jr.

064446, 1st Lt •Shea, Richard T., Jr.

066428, 1st Lt •Sitman, William S.

RA 33571970, Sfc •Smith, David M.

RA 15423203, Pfc •Speicher, Clifton T.

RA 13382654, Cpl Stone, James L.

065096, 1st Lt Story, Luther H.

14285693, Pfc •Sudut, Jerome A.

02263203, 2d Lt •Thompson, William

42259324, Pic *Turner, Charles W.

20157371, Sfc •Watkins, Travis E.

6295287, M Sgt West, Ernest E.

US 52151286, Pic Wilson, Benjamin F.

01179250, ist Lt *Wilson, Richard G.

17252005, Pic •Womack, Bryant H.

US 53101317, Pfc *Young. Robert H.

19255270, PIC

8-10 Jul 53

14 Oct 52

Chich-on, Korea Soam-ni, Korea Taejon-ai, Korea Surang-al, Korea Seoul, Korea Yongsan, Korea Chosin Reservoir, Korea Choe Gung-Dong, Korea Pla-ri, Korea Kujang-dong, Korea Kumhwa, Korea Mundung-ni, Korea Chonghyon, Korea Munye-ri, Korea Ponggil-11, Korea Sokkogae, Korea Kumhwa, Korea Sokkogae, Korea Chipyong-ni, Korea Yongsan, Korea Minari-gol, Korea Sokkogae, Korea Agok, Korea Kumhwa, Korea Haman, Korea Yongsan, Korea Yongsan, Korea Sataeri, Korea Hwach'on-Myon, Korea Opari, Korea Sokso-rt, Korea Kaesong, Korea

6-8 Jul 53

14 Feb 51

1 Sep 50

14 Jun 52

.

21-22 Nov 51 1 Sep 50

12 Sep 51 6 Aug 50

1 Sep 50

31 Aug-3 Sep 50

12 Oct 52

5 Jun 51

21 Oct 50

12 Mar 52

9 Oct 50

Posthumous. + Presented to next of kin while recipient was missing in action status.

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Adopted from the British Army, the title general has been used in the American Army ever since it was organized during the Revolutionary War. Actually, the term itself was used as early as the days of the Roman armies.

GRADES OF GENERAL OFFICERS

Since World War II active duty officers have served in five grades of general officer, as follows: General of the army (insignia-five stars set in a circular pattern), general (0-10) (four stars), lieutenant general (0-9) (three stars), major general (0-8) (two stars), and brigadier general (0-7) (one star).

GENERAL OF THE ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES. This grade was created by section 9 of the act of 3 March 1799.

While the purpose of this legislation was undoubtedly to confer the title upon George Washington, no record has been found to show that the appointment was ever made. George Washington held the rank of general and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army from 15 June 1775 to 23 December 1783. The office of "general” under the present form of government, as stated above, was established by the act of 3 March 1799, while Washington was holding the office of Commanderin-Chief with the rank of lieutenant general, to which he had been appointed on 3 July 1798. The act provided "that a commander of the Army of the United States shall be appointed and commissioned by the style of 'general of the armies of the United States;' and the present office and title of lieutenant general shall thereafter be abolished."

The office of general of the armies of the United States ceased to exist when

it was not mentioned in the act of 16 March 1802, which determined the peacetime military establishment. The Congress, however, by Public Law 45, approved 3 September 1919, appointed Gen. John J. Pershing to this grade, in which he was retired on 13 September 1924. No other officer has held this title.

GENERAL OF THE ARMY. This grade was authorized by the act of 25 July 1866, was conferred upon Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant on that date, and was recognized and continued in various acts until the act of 15 July 1870 which contained the requirement that "the offices of general and lieutenant general shall continue until a vacancy shall exist in the same, and no longer, and when such vacancy shall occur in either of said offices shall become inoperative, and shall, by virtue of this act, from thence forward be held to be repealed." William T. Sherman was appointed to this grade on 4 March 1869, but the office ceased to exist as a grade of military rank at his death on 14 February 1891.

The act of 3 March 1885 authorized the appointment of a "general of the army on the retired list,” which was conferred upon Gen. Grant, and expired on the death of that officer 23 July 1885. By the act of 1 June 1888 the grade of lieutenant general discontinued and merged into that of general of the army, which was conferred upon Lt. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, and ceased to

was

Wedemeyer; and (posthumously) Leslie J. McNair, Simon B. Buckner, Alexander M. Patch, and Robert C. Richard

son, Jr.

exist at the death of that officer on 5 August 1888.

Gens. George C. Marshall, Douglas MacArthur, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Henry H. Arnold were appointed generals of the army under the provisions of Public Law 482, approved 14 December 1944. Gen. Omar N. Bradley was appointed general of the army under the provisions of Private Law 957, 81st Congress, approved 18 September 1950.

General of the Army George C. Marshall retired 28 February 1947 at his own request. He served as a member of the President's Cabinet (as Secretary of State and then as Secretary of Defense) and was restored to the active list of the Regular Army in grade of general of the army 1 March 1949 under the provisions of the act of 28 June 1948 (Public Law 804, 80th Congress).

GENERAL. Under the authority contained in the acts of 18 May 1917 and 6 October 1917 the President appointed three officers to the grade of general for the period of the World War I emergency only-Maj. Gens. John J. Pershing, Tasker H. Bliss, and Peyton C. March.

In accordance with the act of Congress approved 23 February 1929, the Chief of Staff, while holding office, has the rank and title of general. John L. Hines held office as chief of staff with the rank of major general but was advanced to the grade of general on the retired list by a special act of Congress in 1940. Three former chiefs of staff (Gens. Charles P. Summerall, Douglas MacArthur, and Malin Craig), who served for 4 years as such, with the temporary rank of general, also became generals on the retired list.

During World War II additional appointments were made to the grade of general by the authority of the amendment to the National Defense Act dated 9 September 1940.

Under the provisions of Public Law 508, 83d Congress, the following lieutenant generals were appointed generals on 4 August 1954 (by advancement on the retired list)-John L. DeWitt, Ben Lear, Robert L. Eichelberger, William H. Simpson, Lucian K. Truscott, Leonard T. Gerow, and Albert C.

The Officer Personnel Act of 1947 further authorized appointments to the grade of general.

Public Law 85-422, effective 1 June 1958, designated the grade of general as pay grade “O-10."

LIEUTENANT GENERAL, The grade of lieutenant general was first established by the act of 28 May 1798. It was abolished, however, by the act of 3 March 1799, and the command of the forces authorized to be raised in contemplation of war with France was vested in "generals of the armies of the United States" authorized by that statute. The grade of lieutenant general was revived by joint congressional resolution on 15 February 1855, and the rank was conferred by brevet on Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott; the office thus created ceased to exist at his death on 29 May 1866. The grade of lieutenant general was again revived by the act of 29 February 1864 and conferred upon Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. The office was recognized and continued by the act of 28 July 1866, but was to cease to exist upon the occurrence of a vacancy, under the restrictions imposed by the act of 15 July 1870. The office was vacated and merged with that of the general of the army upon the promotion of Lt. Gen. Sheridan to that grade, under the authority conferred by the act of 1 June 1888. The grade was revived a third time by joint resolution on 5 February 1895 and was conferred, in succession, upon Maj. Gens. John M. Schofield, Nelson A. Miles, Samuel B. M. Young, Adna R. Chaffee, John C. Bates, Henry C. Corbin, and Arthur MacArthur. One appointment only was permitted at a time by this joint resolution.

The rank, pay, and allowances of lieutenant general were conferred upon "the senior major general of the line commanding the Army” by acts of 8 June 1916 and 4 June 1920. After a number of retirements in the grade of lieutenant general that grade ceased to exist with the death of Lt. Gen. Nelson A. Miles on 15 May 1925.

Under the authority contained in the acts of 18 May 1917 and 6 October 1917, the President appointed as lieutenant generals, for the period of the World War I emergency only, Maj. Gens. Hunter Liggett and Robert L. Bullard. These officers were advanced to the grade of lieutenant general on the retired list as of 21 June 1930. Under the provisions of the act of 4 March 1915, in recognition of service on the Isthmus of Panama, Maj. Gen. Edgar Jadwin was advanced to the grade of lieutenant general upon his retirement in August 1929.

By an act of Congress dated 5 August 1939, army commanders were granted the temporary rank of lieutenant general while in command; this was extended to include the commanders of the Hawaiian and Panama Canal Departments by the act of 31 July 1940.

During World War II additional temporary appointments to the grade were made by the authority of the amendment to the National Defense Act, dated 9 September 1940. The Officer Personnel Act of 1947 further authorized appointments to the grade of lieutenant general.

Public Law 85-422, effective 1 June 1958, designated the grade of lieutenant general as pay grade 0-9.

MAJOR GENERAL, Except for a brief period in 1798 and the period 16 March 1802–26 June 1812, the grade of major general has appeared on every Army organization table since 3 March 1791.

BRIGADIER GENERAL. The grade of brigadier general has appeared on every Army organization table since 3 March 1791.

ALPHABETICAL LISTS OF GENERAL OFFICERS

Below appear alphabetical lists by grade of general officers who have served or are serving in the United States Army. The officer is shown only in the highest grade attained in the Army. The date of rank in that grade is indicated in the second column. In the third column is shown the date of separation from active duty in the Army by retirement, death, resignation, transfer to the United States Air Force, or other cause. If no date or a question mark appears in this column the officer is currently on active duty. Where "USAF” appears in this column, the officer was transferred from the Army to the United States Air Force; all officers in the United States Army Air Corps were so transferred on 26 September 1947. Where dates are unknown, a question mark is shown. (Note: Where readers are able to supply a missing date or to correct a date, please send the information--preferably with

evidence of its accuracy—to the Editor in Chief, The Military Service Publishing Company, Telegraph Press Building, Harrisburg, Pa.) Officers of the United States Army are included who served in the grade of major general or brigadier general at any time from 1 January 1900 to 1 December 1958; officers in higher grade are included beginning with George Washington until 1 December 1958, No attempt has been made in these lists to indicate special situations such as a change to a lower grade at a later date, recall to active duty after retirement, or details of advancement in grade after death or retirement. Retired officers recalled to active duty and then promoted to the grade shown are noted by “(Ret)” following their names. The highest grade to which appointed is shown, whether or not the officer actively served in that grade. A year earlier than 1900 is written out in full; if 1900 or later, only two digits appear.

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