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Murmansk Expedition (later designated American Expeditionary
-11 November, Meuse-Argonne Campaign.
11 March 20 March
7 July 31 July 14 August
7 December 7 December
President Roosevelt proclaims unlimited state of national
-6 December 1943, Central Pacific Campaign.
9 December 10 December 11 December 20 December
25 February 27-28 February
16 March 24 March 30 March
9 April 17 April 18 April
17 August First operation of Eighth Air Force; 12 B-17's attack rall center
at Rouen, France. 24 August
Naval Battle of Eastern Solomons. 30 August U. 8. occupation forces land on Adak, Aleutian Islands, without
opposition. 9 September Japanese plane, launched from submarine off coast, drops incendiary
bomb on mountain slope near Brookings, Oregon, causing small forest fire. This is the sole bombing by plane of continental U. S.
during the war. 22 October General Mark W. Clark and small U. S. party land secretly by
submarine to confer with pro-Allied French forces in Algeria. 29 October Alaska Military Highway opened to traffic, built by Army Engineers. 8 November -11 November, Algeria-French Morocco Campaign (Ground). 12 November -13 May 1943, Algeria-French Morocco Campaign (Air). 17 November -13 May 1943, Tunisia Campaign (Ground). 2 January Buna Mission, New Guinea, captured. 10 January U. 8. troops begin final offensive to clear Guadalcanal. 14-23 January Anglo-American conference at Casablanca (SYMBOL). 22 January Papuan Campaign ends in first decisive defeat of Japanese in
World War II. 24 January -31 December 1944, New Guinea Campaign. 27 January Eighth Air Force makes first U. S. air attack on Germany, bombing
docks at Wilhelmshaven.
4 March, Battle of the Bismarck Sea.
II Corps opens drive in Tunisia toward Gabes.
Final assault launched in Tunisia Tunis and Bizerte overrun
13th, ending Tunisian Campaign.
TRIDENT Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, and Combined Chiefs of
Staff) at Washington. 14 May
-17 May, Tunisia Campaign (Air). 30 June
Converging drive on Rabaul opens. 9 July
-17 August, Sicily Campaign (Ground). Main invasion forces land
on 10th; first use of amphibious truck (DUKW) in an assault. 22 July
Palermo surrenders to Seventh Army. 25 July
Pietro Fall of Mussolini proclaimed; replaced by Field Marshal
Badoglio. 1 August
Mass low-level assault on Rumanian oil refineries by AAF bombers. 5 August
Munda Alrfield, Solomon Islands, captured. 14-24 August QUADRANT Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, and CCS) at Quebec. 17 August
Sicily Campaign ends as Allied troops enter Messina. 18 August
-21 January 1944, Sicily Campaign (Air). 25 August
Americans overrun New Georgia, Solomon Islands. 3 September Allied surrender terms for Italy accepted; become effective on
the 8th. 9 September -21 January 1944, Naples-Foggia Campaign (Ground). On 9 Sep
tember Allied forces under U. S. Fifth Army land in Italy. 1 October Allied troops enter port of Naples. 12 October Fifth Army troops begin assault crossing of Volturno River. 13 October Italy declares war on Germany, becomes cobelligerent of Allies. 19-30 October Conference between American, British, and Soviet foreign ministers
opens in Moscow. They agree to demand unconditional surrender
of Germany and to establish a world organization for peace. 5 November Fifth Army begins fruitless action against German-held Winter Line. 22-26 November SEXTANT Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, Chiang Kai-Shek) at
7 December -16 April 1944, Northern Solomons Campaign (Air).
Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force to head Operation
1,300 planes of Eighth Air Force bomb German secret weapon targets.
18 January 1944. 11 January Strategic air offensive against German aircraft industry and German
air force begins. 15 January Fifth Army successfully concludes operations against Winter Line
by capture of Mount Trocchio.
doned on 22d with heavy casualties
-24 May, Anzio Campaign.
Eighth Air Force makes first attack on Berlin. 17 April
-2 September 1945, Bismarck Archipelago Campaign (Air). 11 May
Drive on Rome opens with heavy bombardment of Gustav Line. 4 June
Fith Army enters Rome.
--24 July. Normandy Campaign. Allied forces land on Normandy
coast on 6th, supported by air and naval bombardment. 11 June
VI Corps drives nearly 65 miles north of Rome. 15 June
B-29's based in China make their first attack on Japanese homeland. 15 June
-2 September 1945, Western Pacific Campaign (Ground). 17 June
VII Corps seals off' Cotentin Peninsula in France. 27 June
Cherbourg surrenders to VII Corps. 3 July
In France, First Army opens general offensive, “Battle of the Hedge
rows." Concluded by capture of St. LÔ on 18th. 19 July
Fifth Army captures Leghorn. 21 July
U. S. Forces land on Guam. 25 July
-14 September, Northern France Campaign. First Army launches
breakout assault from St. LÔ area. 1 August
12th Army Group becomes operational under General Omar Bradley. 3 August
Capture of Myitkina. 15 August
-14 September, Southern France Campaign opens with invasion of
southern France by Seventh Army. 20 August
U. S. and British forces close pincers on Germans in Falaise
Argentan pocket. 25 August
German forces surrender Paris to U. S. and French troops. 28 August
Germans surrender Toulon and Marseilles. 1 September
Fifth Army begins pursuit of enemy across Arno River. 2 September Elements of First Army enter Belgium. 3 September Seventh Army captures Lyons. 4 September Hq. Eighth Army arrives at Hollandia, New Guinea. 8 September Ninth Army launches all-out assault on Brest. 10 September -4 April 1945, North Apennines Campaign. 10 September Elements of First Army take Luxembourg. Third Army crosses
Mosolle below Metz.
Patrols of First Army are 11 September
the first Allied troops to cross into
-21 March 1945, Rhineland Campaign.
6th Army Group becomes operational.
advance toward Arnhem.
2 October First Army begins assault on West Wall.
II Corps launches offensive toward Bologna.
Leyte. 23-26 October Battle of Leyte Gull. 2 November Sixth Army completes clearing Leyte Valley. 9 November Third Army launches full-scale attack to take Metz. 16 November Ninth and First Armles open coordinated offensive to clear Roer
plains between the Wurm and the Roer. 21 November Ninth Army elements begin first phase of drive to Roer, Units of
First Army make limited progress through Huertgen Forest.
Germans open all-out counteroffensive in the Ardennes, taking
designated 15th Army Group. 21 December Germans besiege Bastogne, now in Third Army area. 22 December Bastogne garrison refuses German demand for surrender. 26 December In First Army area, enemy drive is stopped short of the Meuse. 27 December Third Army raises siege of Bastogne. 30 December Elements of Third Army open drive on Houffelize. 3 January First Army begins counteroffensive from north to reduce Ardennes
salient. 9 January Sixth Army begins landing on shores of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon. 16 January First and Third Armies join at Houffelize. 29 January -15 July, Central Burma Campaign. 29-30 January Third Army launches attack on West Wall on 29th; First Army joins
in attack on 30th. 3 February
Sixth Army attacks Manila. 4-9 February
Conference at Yalta (ARGONAUT); United States, Great Britain,
Russia. 4 February First convoy on Ledo Road from Burma enters Kunming, China. 22 February
Third Army makes assault crossing of Saar River. 23 February First Army begins attack across Roer River. 25 February
Ninth Army Joins offensive, crossing Roer at Linnich.
Fith Army begins limited offensive in Italy. 27 February -4 July, Southern Philippines Campaign. 3 March
Sixth Army units overcome final resistance in Manila.
First Army takes Cologne.
18 March 20 March 22 March 23 March 26 March 1 April
5 April 11 April 12 April 14 April 20 April 21 April
24 April 25 April 29 April
30 April 5 May 7 May
8 May 25 May
8 August 14 August
Third Army takes Coblenz.
-2 September, China Offensive.
3 September 4 September 8 September
4 August 14 December 31 March