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PUBLISHERS' FOREWORD

THE ARMY ALMANAC is a new commercial edition of the book first published by the Department of the Army in 1950 as a Government publication. Now extensively revised and brought up to date, The Army Almanac is republished in response to popular demand.

The need for an authentic reference book of useful facts about the United States Army has been voiced by many. Here is an enormous collection of pertinent, up-to-date reference data of interest to all who are concerned with the Army and its personnel-newspaper and magazine editors and reporters, radio and TV commentators, high school and college librarians, public libraries, defense industries, and all others who need specific information about the Army. Also interested are military personnel and members of their families: Regular Army officers and men, both active and retired; and National Guard and Army Reserve personnel. Young men about to be drafted and their parents, as well as veterans of past wars, will find much useful information directly pertaining to them.

The scope of the new edition has been broadened. Current information has been revised and brought up to date. Historical data have been condensed where appropriate and expanded as necessary for adequate perspective.

Particular care has been taken by the Army and all other agencies concerned to verify the accuracy of the facts presented.

Readers are invited to submit corrections to the publisher; in so doing, please indicate the source of the information on which the correction is based.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The publishers consider themselves fortunate in securing the services of Brig. Gen. GORDON R. YOUNG to edit this edition of the Army Almanac. His broad vision, his skill in writing, his passion for accuracy, his uncanny talent for research and his comprehensive knowledge of the Army acquired first hand through 40 years' service in all grades from USMA cadet to general officer have especially well fitted him for the task.

Grateful appreciation is expressed to the Office of the Chief of Information, Department of the Army, and to all other agencies and individuals, in and out of the Army Establish who generously assisted in the preparation of this edition. By thus helping to make available in ready reference form information which is often sought by many people, it is hoped that each individual who has assisted in this project will find that he may henceforth answer many questions simply by a specific reference to this new edition of The Army Almanac. Our particular thanks go to each of the following official agencies,

Department of the Army
office of the Chief of Staff
Office of the Comptroller of the Army

Office of the Chief of Finance
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics

Omce of the Surgeon General
Office of the Chief of Ordnance
Office of the Chief of Engineers
Office of the Quartermaster General
Office of the Chief of Transportation
Office of the Chief Signal Omcer

Office of the Chief Chemical Officer
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations

Ofice of the Chief of Special Warfare
Office of the Chief of Civil Affairs & Military Government

Office of the Chief of Military History
Omce of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel

Office of The Adjutant General
Office of the Chief of Chaplains
Omce of the Provost Marshal General

Omce of the Director, Womens Army Corps
Omce of the Chief of Research and Development
Office of the Chief of Information
Office of the Inspector General
Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence
Office of the Judge Advocate General
Office of the Chief of Army Reserve and ROTC Affairs

Office of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau
U.S. Continental Army Command

General Staff
Information Ofice
First U.S. Army Information Office
Second U.S. Army Information omce
Third U.S. Army Information Office
Fourth U.S. Army Information Office
Fifth U.S. Army Information Office
Sixth U.S. Army Information Office

Military District of Washington
U.S. Army Alr Defense Command
U.S. Army, Europe

Seventh U.S. Army Information Office

Southern European Task Force U.S. Army, Pacific

Eighth u.s. Army Information Office U.S. Army, Caribbean

The U.S. Army Adjutant General's School
The U.S. Army Air Defense School
The U.S. Army Armor School
The U.S. Army Artillery and Missile School
The U.S. Army Aviation School
The U.S. Army Chaplain School
The U.S. Army Chemical Corps School
The U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Military Government School
The U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
The U.S. Army Command Management School
The U.S. Army Engineer School
The U.S. Army Finance School
The U.S. Army Infantry School
The U.S. Army Information School
The U.S. Army Intelligence School
The U.S. Army Language School
The U.S. Army Medical Service Meat & Dairy Hygiene School
The U.S. Army Medical Service School
The U.S. Army Mountain and Cold Weather School
The U.S. Army Ordnance School
The U.S. Army Pictorial Center
The U.S. Army Primary Helicopter School
The U.S. Army Provost Marshal General's School
The U.S. Army Quartermaster School
The U.S. Army Security Agency School
The U.S. Army Signal School
The U.S. Army Special Warfare School
The U.S. Army Strategic Intelligence School
The U.S. Army Transportation School
The USMA Preparatory School
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
The U.S. Army War College
The U.S. Army Women's Army Corps School

The United States Military Academy
Department of Defense

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, Office of Security Review
Schools

The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
The Armed Forces Staff College
The Industrial College of the Armed Forces

The National War College
Department of the Navy

omce of Information Department of the Air Force

Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, Office of Information Services Unified Commands

U.S. European Command

U.S. Pacific Command
United Nations Command
National Headquarters, Selective Service System
American Battle Monuments Commission
Veterans Administration

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CONTENTS

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Introduction
Chapter 1. The Combat Arms

Infantry
Artillery
Armor

Army Aviation
Chapter 2. The Services

The Chemical Corps
The Corps of Engineers
The Military Police Corps
The Ordnance Corps
The Quartermaster Corps
The Signal Corps
The Transportation Corps
The Adjutant General's Corps
The Finance Corps
The United States Women's Army Corps
The Army Medical Service
The Chaplains
The Inspectors General

The Judge Advocate General's Corps
Chapter 3. Organization and Strength of the Army

Troop Units of the Arms and Services
Divisions and Higher Combat Units
Continental Commands and Service Establishments
Continental Defense and Other Domestic Missions
Oversea Commands
Other Oversea Agencies of the Army
The Staff System
The Department of the Army

Strength of the Active Army
Chapter 4. Components of the Army

The Regular Army
The Army National Guard

The Army Reserve
Chapter 5. The Combat Arms Regimental System
Chapter 6. How the Army is Manned

Selective Service
Procurement of Officers

Promotion in the Army
Chapter 7. Pay, Allowances, and Privileges of Army Personnel

The Active Army

Retirement
Chapter 8. Training and Education in the Army

Individual and Unit Training
Precommission Schooling
Army Service Schools
General Education Program for Army Personnel
Special Training in Civilian Schools

29 31 34 37 39 41 43 46 47 49 51 54 57 57 68 74

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