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(Tallinn ETA, 20 February 1995, iin FBIS

Archiv 28:3 (1995), 290-298; Gerhard SOV-95-034 (21 February 1995), 99. Ukrainian archives yield new data on 1986 Wettig, “Stalin - Patriot und Demokrat fur

Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster. Deutschland?" and Loth, “Kritik ohne Law calling on ex-KGB agents in Estonia to (N.V. Makovs’ka, “Politichnaia Gundlagen. Erwiderung auf Gerhard confess or face public exposure working Retrospektiva Chornobyl’s’koi Katastrofi v Wettig,” Deutschland Archiv 28:7 (1995), “surprisingly well,” police say. (Tallinn Dokumentakh” (A Political Retrospective

Dokumentakh” (A Political Retrospective 743-750; Wettig, “Die beginnende BNS, 3 April 1995, in FBIS-SOV-95-064 (4 of the Chernobyl Catastrophe in Documents), Umorientierung der sowjetischen April 1995), 73.) Arkhiv Ukrainy 1-3 (1993), 99-105.) Deutschland-Politik im Fruhjahr und

Sommer 1953,” Deutschland Archiv 28:5 Latvia

Detailed recounting of how glasnost in late (1995), 495-507.

1980s permitted freer airing of true dimenCourt finds Saeima deputy Roberts Milbergs sions of 1933 famine in Ukraine. (James E. Stasi files disclose data on notorious terrornot guilty of having collaborated with KGB. Mace, “How Ukraine Was Permitted to Re- ist “Carlos" and lawyer now defending him, (RFE/RL Daily Report 22 (23 November member,The Ukrainian Quarterly 49:2

member," The Ukrainian Quarterly 49:2 Jacques Verges. (Peter Sandmeyer, “The 1994).) (Summer 1993), 121-151.)

Jackal and the Villain,” Stern (Hamburg), 22

September 1993[4], 202-204, in FBIS-WEUKGB recruiter says current parliamentarian Czech Republic/Former Czechoslovakia 94-185 (23 September 1994), 14-15.) Andrejs Silins was listed as KGB agent in 1972 without his knowledge. (Tallinn BNS, Czech parliamentary commission investi- Social Democratic Party (SPD) chair 9 December 1994, in FBIS-SOV-94-238 gating late 1980 Warsaw Pact maneuvers

gating late 1980 Warsaw Pact maneuvers Rudolph Scharping seeks Stasi files to rebut (12 December 1994), 86-87.)

may have had political overtones, but link to charges by Helmut Kohl and others that the

possible invasion of Poland still unclear. SPD betrayed the goal of German unificaKGB document found dating from 1982 (Prague CTK, 8 February 1995, in “No tion in talks with GDR officials. granting access to secret documents to present Direct Proof' of 1980 Poland Invasion (Sueddeutsche Zeitung (Munich), 8 Februday Defense League volunteer paramilitary Found,” FBIS-EEU-94-027-A (9 February

Found,” FBIS-EEU-94-027-A (9 February ary 1994, 4, in “Scharping Rejects CDU organization head Johannes Kert, who says 1995), 6-7.)

Accusations of SPD-Stasi Cooperation," he cannot explain document. (Rahva Haal,

FBIS-WEU-94-027 (9 February 1994), 31.) 21 December 1994, in Tallinn ETA, 21 Government approves principle of opening December 1994, in FBIS-SOV-94-246 (22 StB (secret police files), Interior Minister Reports cite Stasi files showing Party of December 1994), 52.) Estonian security Ruml denies it will lead to wave of lawsuits. Democratic Socialism (PDS) politician policy say KGB files refute allegations that (Prague CTK, 30 March 1995, in “Ruml Gregor Gysi collaborated with secret police Kert was linked to the KGB. (Tallinn BNS, Outlines Provisions of Bill on StB Files," against his client, dissident Robert 24 January 1995, in FBIS-SOV-95-016 (25 FBIS-EEU-95-062-A (31 March 1995), 5.) Havemann; Gysi denies charges. (“Meeting January 1995), 52.)

at 'Ellen,'Der Spiegel (Hamburg), 17 OcFormer East Germany

tober 1994, 21-26, in FBIS-WEU-94-201 Controversy erupts in parliament over fate (German Democratic Republic) (18 October 1994), 23-25; "Gregor's Reof unopened archives of Latvian KGB.

ports,Der Spiegel (Hamburg), 7 Novem(Tallinn BNS, 5 May 1995, in FBIS-SOV- Evidence on Soviet occupation of Germany ber 1994, 26-30, in “Files Incriminate Gysi 95-087 (5 May 1995), 88.)

after World War II. (Norman M. Naimark, for Stasi ‘Collaboration,'” FBIS-WEU-94

"Die Sowjetische Militaradministration in 216 (8 November 1994), 22.) Lithuania

Deutschland und die Frage des Stalinismus,"

Zeitschrift fur Geschichtswissenschaft 43:4 Charges lodged against couple for spying Mystery and controversy continue to sur- (1995), 295-97; Naimark, “The Soviets and for Stasi against West Germany between round status and fate of estimated 300,000 the Christian Democrats: The Challenge of a

the Christian Democrats: The Challenge of a 1971 and 1976. (Berlin DDP/ADN, 27 Ocfiles left behind by Lithuanian KGB. 'Bourgois' Party in Eastern Germany, 1945- tober 1994, in FBIS-WEU-94-209 (28 Oc(Nikolay Lashkevich, “Lithuania: Who Has 1949," 9:3 (Fall 1995), 369-92; see also tober 1994), 18.) Got the KGB Archives," Izvestiia (Mos- Naimark's The Russians in Germany, cited cow), 10 March 1995, 4, in FBIS-SOV-95- below.

Interview with Markus Wolf, former head of 049 (14 March 1995), 103-105.)

GDR external intelligence service. ("East Debate continues on 1952 Stalin Notes and Germany's Old Spymaster Talks: So Many Ukraine

question of early opportunity for German Regrets, but Uncontrite," NYT, 6 June 1995,

unification. (Manfred Kittel, "Genesis einer A11.) Letters pertaining to 1969 arrest of Ukrai- Legende. Die Discussion um die Stalinnian activist Maj.-Gen. P.G. Grigorenko. Noten in der Bundesrepublic 1952-1958," Publications: R.C. Raack, Stalin's Drive to ("Petr Grigorenko: Iz Khroniki Tavli” [Pe- Vierteljahrshefte fur Zeitgeschichte 41:3 the West, 1938-1945: The Origins of the ter Grigorenko: From the Chronicle of his (1994), 355-389; Wilfried Loth, "Stalin die Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford UniverPersecution), Segodnia, 12 April 1994, 9.) deutsche Frage und die DDR,Deutschland sity Press, 1995); Norman Naimark, The Russians in Germany: A History of the So- Engelmayer, Hungarian ambassador to Po- Radio, 30 March 1995, in FBIS-EEU-95viet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949 (Cam- land, recounting influence of 1956, 1968, 061 (30 March 1995), 23. bridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970, etc. ("Ambassador with a Rucksack," 1995); Inventar der Befehle des Obersten The Hungarian Quarterly 35:133 (Spring Student groups demand release of secret Chefs der Sowjetischen Militaradministra- 1994), 123-128.)

police files on 1977 death of anti-governtion in Deutschland (SMAD) 1945-1949

ment activist Stanislaw Pyjas. (RFE/RLDaily (Munich: K.G. Saur, 1995); Wilfried Loth, Publications: Die Ungarische Revolution

Publications: Die Ungarische Revolution Report 41 (1 March 1994). ed.,Die deutsche Frage in die Nachkriegszeit 1956 [findings of an Austrian-Hungarian (Berlin: Akademie, 1994); Philip Zelikow Conference in Vienna, 6 April 1995] (Wien: Publications: Tajne Dokumenty Biura and Condoleezza Rice, Germany Unified Collegium Hungaricum, 1995).

Politycznego: Grudzien 1970 [Secret Docuand Europe Transformed: A Study in State

ments of the Politbureau of the Polish Comcraft (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University

Poland

munist Party (PUWP) on Events of DecemPress, 1995).

ber 1970](London: Aneks Publishers, 1991); Sejm considering State Secrets Bill barring Tajne Dokumenty: Biura Politycznego: Hungary

release of information on intelligence activi- PZPR a "Solidarnosc" 1980-1981 (Secret

ties for 80 years, national security or defense Documents of the Politbureau of the Polish Recounting of case of school-teacher ar- information for 40 years, and economic se- Communist Party (PUWP). Party versus rested in connection with show trials in crets for 30 years; media, liberals, oppose “Solidarity” 1980-1981] (London: Aneks Hungary under Matyas Rakosi in Stalin's bill, which is returned to committee. (RFE/ Publishers, 1992); Tajne Dokumenty Biura last years. (Eva V. Deak, "A Show Trial RL Daily Report 163 (29 August 1994).) Politycznego i Sekretariatu KC: Ostatni rok Case History: The Story of Gyorgyi Government and media agree new constitu- wladzy 1988-1989 (Secret Documents of the Tarisznyas,The Hungarian Quarterly tion will guarantee freedom of information, Politbureau of the Polish Communist Party 35:134 (Summer 1994), 75-91.)

press; parliament rejects restrictive secrecy (PUWP) and the Secretariat of the Central

law. (Rzeczpospolita and Gazeta Wyborcza Committee: The Last Year in Power, 1988Budapest Military Prosecutor's Office on reports, 25 October 1994, quoted in RFE/RL 1989) (London: Aneks Publishers, 1994); 28 October 1994 presses charges against Daily Report 203 (25 October 1994).) Andrzej Garlicki, ZTajnych Archiwow [From three army officers accused of killing un

the Secret Archives) (Warsaw: Polska armed demonstrators during 1956 events, Ex-Soviet base near Szczecin seen as Oficyna Wydawnicza 'BGW', 1993); Pawel according to MTI. (RFE/RL Daily Report econological hazard. (Glos Szczecinski, 1 Machcewicz, Polski Rok 1956 [The Polish 207 (31 October 1994).)

February 1995, 1, in JPRS-TEN-95-004 (28 Year 1956] (Warsaw: Oficyna Wydawnicza
February 1995), 21-22.)

‘Mowia Wieki’, 1993); Andrzej Garlicki Survey of international dimension of 1956

and Andrzej Paczkowski, eds., Zaciskanie Hungarian crisis, using new Eastern, West- Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin on 9 Petli: Tajne Dokumenty Dotyczace ern, and Hungarian sources. (Csaba Bekes, September 1994 meets Polish team investi

September 1994 meets Polish team investi- Czechoslowacji 1968 r. [Tightening of the “The 1956 Revolution and World Politics,” gating Katyn massacre. (Gazeta Wyborcza

gating Katyn massacre. (Gazeta Wyborcza Noose: Secret Documents Concerning The Hungarian Quarterly 36 (Summer cited in RFE/RL Daily Report 173 (12 Sep- Czechoslovakia 1968]

(Warsaw: 1995), 109-121.)

tember 1994).) Polish president Walesa, at Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, 1995); Michael

ceremony marking 55th anniversary of Katyn Bernhard and Henryk Szlajfer, eds., From Recordings of Radio Free Europe/Radio massacres, calls on Russia to reveal full the Polish Underground: Selections from Liberty broadcasts during 1956 Hungarian truth. (Warsaw TV, 3 April 1995, in FBIS

truth. (Warsaw TV, 3 April 1995, in FBIS- Krytyka, 1978-1993 (University Park, PA: crisis discovered. (NYT, 24 October 1995.) EEU-96-064 (4 April 1995), 32-33.) Crimi- Pennsylvania State Press, 1995).

nal probe begun in 1993 by Smolensk MiliNewly-available Hungarian archives inform tary Prosecutor's Office drawing to a close.

Romania account of Budapest's role in 1968 Czecho- (Komsomolskaya Pravda(Moscow),29 April slovak crisis. (Istvan Vida, “Janos Kadar 1995, in FBIS-SOV-95-085 (3 May 1995), Report on Soviet policy toward December and the Czechoslovak Crisis of 1968,” The 6-7.) Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, and 1989 Romanian events, including letter from Hungarian Quarterly 35:135 (Autumn Belarusian prosecutors sign accord on coop- Shevardnadze to Gorbachev and minutes of 1994), 108-123.)

eration regarding Katyn investigations. (War- meetings. ("On the Events of 1989 in Roma

saw PAP, 31 May 1995, in FBIS-EEU-95- nia,Diplomaticheskii Vestnik (Moscow) Government abolishes Historical Investi- 107-A (2 June 1995), 23.) Walesa speaks at 21-22 (November 1994), 74-80.) gation Committee established by previous Katyn. (FBIS-EEU-95-107 (5 June 1995), Hungarian government to investigate “blank 48-49.) Yeltsin sends message to ceremony. Appearing before “December 1989" parliaspots” in recent history, says radio Budapest (Moscow Interfax, 3 June 1995, in FBIS- mentary commission, President Ilescu deon 22 December 1994. (RFE/RL Daily SOV-95-107 (5 June 1995), 9.)

nied allegations he sought Soviet assistance Report 241 (22 December 1994).)

on 22 or 23 December 1989. (Adevarul Ministry of Internal Affairs considers open- (Bucharest), 20 December 1994, 2, in FBISBiographical interview with Akos ing up archives up to 1956. (Warsaw Polskie EEU-94-249 (28 December 1994), 17.)

Target Zhou Enlai: The ‘Kashmir Princess' English translations of newly released RusControversy erupts over documents claim- Incident of 1955,The China Quarterly 139 sian materials, with commentary. (Vladimir ing past collaboration by Bishop Laszlo (September 1994), 766-782.)

Petrov, “Soviet Role in the Korean War Tokes, ethnic Hungarian priest whose arrest

Confirmed: Secret Documents Declassified,” sparked 1989 revolt, with Romanian Article based on CCP sources explores Zhou Journal of Northeast Asian Studies 13:3 Securitate secret police (Romanian Intelli- Enlai's handling of the 1958 Taiwan Straits (Fall 1994), 42-67.) gence Service, or SRI). (Gyorgy Jakab, crisis, including data on secret communica“UDMR Will Ask to See the SRI Files of All tions between PRC and Taiwan. (Liao Kathryn Weathersby, “New Russian ArchiPolitical Leaders,” Adevarul (Bucharest), Xinwen, “Zhou Enlai yu heping jiejue taiwan val Materials, Old American Debates, and 29 December 1994, in FBIS-EEU-95-001 (3 wentide fangzhen" (Zhou Enlai and the Ini- the Korean War,” Problems of Post-ComJanuary 1995), 24.) Paper publishes pur- tiative to Peacefully solve the Taiwan Prob- munism 42:5(September October 1995), 25ported documents showing Tokes was paid lem), Dangde Wenxian [Party Documents] 5 32. Securitate informer. (“According to (1994), 32-38.) Renasterea Banateana, Laszlo Tokes In

A conference on “The Korean War: An formed the Securitate Under the Name of Reassessment, using new Chinese sources, Assessment of the Historical Record," was Laszlo Kolozsvar,” Curierul National of Mao's evolving views of U.S. (He Di, held at Georgetown University, Washing(Bucharest), 31 December 1994, in FBIS- “The Most Respected Enemy: Mao Zedong's ton, DC, on 24-25 July 1995, sponsored by EEU-95-003 (5 January 1995), 19.)

Perception of the United States," The China The Korea Society, Korea-America Soci

Quarterly 137 (March 1994), 144-158.) ety, and Georgetown University. Please Mongolia

consult the sponsors for copies of papers Publications: Michael H. Hunt and Niu Jun, delivered. Account of Soviet intervention in 1984 Mon- eds., Toward a History of Chinese Commugolian putsch. (Zorik Tsedenbal, “Novoe nist Foreign Relations, 1920s-1960s: Per- Publications: William Stueck, The Korean *Delo Vrachei'” (A New “Doctor's Plot”), sonalities and Interpretive Approaches War: An International History (Princeton, Nezavisimaia Gazeta (Moscow), 2 March (Washington, DC: Asia Program, Woodrow NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995); Shu 1994, 8.)

Wilson International Center for Scholars, Guang Zhang, Mao's Military Romanticism:

n.d.); John Wilson Lewis and Xue Litai, China and the Korean War, 1950-1953 People's Republic of China China's Strategic Seapower: The Politics of (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas,

Force Modernization in the Nuclear Age 1995) [Ed. note: For detailed lists of recent sources, (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, see the essays by Michael Hunt and Chen 1994); Nicholas Eftimiades, Chinese Intelli

Vietnam/Vietnam War Jian elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin.] gence Operations (Annapolis, MDL Naval

Institute Press, 1994); Robert S. Ross, Nego- USSR sent 3,000 troops to Vietnam during Evidence on early wrangling between Chi- tiating Cooperation: The United States and U.S. involvement there, and 13 were killed, nese Communist Party (CCP) and Moscow China, 1969-1989 (Stanford, CA: Stanford writes former Tass correspondent, citing inover Soviet seizure of Chinese industrial University Press, 1995); Thomas J. terviews with ex-Soviet ambassador I. equipment in Manchuria at close of World Christensen, Useful Adversaries: Grand Shcherbakov and other former officials. (AP War II. (Liu Guowu, “Zhanhou zhongsu Strategy, Domestic Mobilization, and Sino- dispatch citing article Aleksandr Minaev in liangguo chuli dongbei rewei chanyede American Conflict, 1947-58 (forthcoming

American Conflict, 1947-58 (forthcoming Ekho Planety (Echo of the Planet), Novemjiufen" [The Argument Between China and in 1996 from Princeton University Press). ber 1995.) the USSR After the War Over How to Deal with the Japanese Puppet's Industry), Mod

Korean War

Vietnamese evidence on reactions to 1965 ern Chinese History (Chinese People's Uni

U.S. peace overtures. (Robert K. Brigham, versity Publications Reprint Series) 1 (1995), Soviet policy toward Korea immediately "Vietnamese-American Peace Negotations: 100-104.

following World War II assessed. (Kan In The Failed 1965 Initiatives," forthcoming in

Gu, “The Soviet Union's Korean Policy The Journal of American-East Asian RelaReassessment of early stages of relations Following the Second World War (1945- tions.) (and non-relations between U.S. and PRC. 1948), Vestnik Sankt Peterburgskogo (Thomas J. Christensen, “A 'Lost Chance' Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta 16 (1994), Survey of PRC policy toward Vietnam War, for What? Rethinking the Origins of U.S.- 91-93.)

using recently opened Chinese sources. PRC Confrontation," The Journal of Ameri

(Chen Jian, “China's Involvement in the can-East Asian Relations 4:3 (Fall 1995), Soviet documents on the Korean War, in- Vietnam War, 1964-1969,The China Quar249-278.)

cluding military reports to Stalin. (“The Par- terly 142 (June 1995), 356-378.)

ticipation of the USSR in the Korean War Account of alleged attempt by Guomindang (New Documents),” Voprosi istorii 11 Former Chinese People's Liberation Army (Kuomintang) to murder PRC Premier Zhou (1994), 30-46.)

official Zhu Kaiyin writes that Mao scaled Enlai in 1955. (Steve Tsang, “Research Note:

back military aid to North Vietnam in late

294

1960s because he believed weapons were

POLISH CRISIS

on Jaruzelski's own account, Stan wojenny: being wasted. (Reported in Xinwen ziyou

continued from page 277

dlaczego (published in Poland in 1992), and daobao (Press Freedom Guardian), 29 Sepcollapse of Communism. Although he added

his book often seems little more than a tember 1995, 3.)

some observations about events through the reprise of the memoir. Aside from reiterat

end of 1991, he decided to proceed with the ing Jaruzelski's arguments, Grishin's other Publications: Ilya V. Gaiduk, The Soviet publication of his book before he had con

main goal (as he declares without any subtlety Union and the Vietnam War (Chicago: Ivan sulted any newly opened archives. This

in his introduction) is to depict Solidarity in R. Dee, scheduled for publication Spring decision was unfortunate, but it was not

as negative a light as possible. For polemical 1996); Commission for Research on Party

inexcusable for a scholar who had already purposes his book may have some value, but History, ed., Ho Chi Minh, 4th ed. (Hanoi:

completed a manuscript and who would have from a scholarly standpoint it is sorely defiThe Gioi Publishers, 1995); Ho Chi Minh, had to travel many thousands of miles to

cient. Prison Diary, 9th ed. (Hanoi: The Gioi work in the former East-bloc archives, per

It is a pity that neither of the books under Publishers, 1994); Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, haps delaying the appearance of his book for

review takes advantages of opportunities Dien Bien Phu, 5th ed. (Hanoi: The Gioi a considerable time. The delay would have

afforded by the post-Communist era. Publishers, 1994); Gen. Giap, Unforgetbeen worthwhile, but it was a judgment call

Zuzowski's analysis has much to recomtable Days, 3rd ed. (Hanoi: The Gioi Publishers, 1994); Vien Su Hoc et al., Lich Su' believed he should press for Zuzowski in 1992, and he obviously mend it

, and even Grishin occasionally has ahead.

interesting things to say, but an authoritative Viet Nam, 1954-1965 (Hanoi: Nha Xuat

In Grishin's case, the decision to forgo

reassessment of the Polish crisis will require Ban Khoa Học Xa Hoi, 1995); William J. archival research is far less explicable. His

detailed and critical archival research. Duiker, U.S. Containment Policy and the overview of the Polish crisis covers very Conflict in Indochina (Stanford, CA: familiar ground, and thus he should have

COLD WAR Stanford University Press, 1994); Xiangen done his best to adduce new documentary INTERNATIONAL HISTORY PROJECT Wang, Zhongguo mimi da fabing: Yuang

evidence. Grishin did not complete his monoyue hang Mei shilu (China secretly dis

The Cold War International History Project was graph until early 1993, well after secret mapatched many troops: The real record of terials in both Warsaw and Moscow had been

established at the Woodrow Wilson International Cen

ter for Scholars in Washington, D.C., in 1991 with the supporting Vietnam to resist America) released and at the very time when sensitive help of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur (Jinan: Jinan, 1992); Yinhong Shi, Meiguo files on the 1980-81 events were still freely

Foundation. The project supports the full and prompt zai Yuenan de ganshe he zhanzheng, 1954- available at the former CPSU Central Com

release of historical materials by governments on all 1968 (American intervention and war in

sides of the Cold War, and seeks to disseminate new mittee archive in Moscow. (Severe restric

information and perspectives on Cold War history Vietnam, 1954-1968] (Beijing: World tions were reimposed at the former Central

emerging from previously inaccessible sources on Knowledge, 1993).

Committee archive in April 1983, but that "the other side"—the former Communist bloc-was after Grishin's book was finished.) Al

through publications, fellowships, and scholarly meetCuba/Cuban Missile Crisis

ings and conferences. The project is overseen by an though Grishin is based at Kazan University

advisory committee chaired by Prof. William Taubman in Tatarstan, rather than in Moscow, he could (Amherst College) and consisting of Michael Piero Gleijeses, “Ships in the Night: The

have traveled to the Russian capital (and Beschloss; Dr. James Billington (Librarian of ConCIA, the White House and the Bay of Pigs," ideally to Warsaw, too) at relatively little

gress); Prof. Warren I. Cohen (University of MaryJournal of Latin American Studies 27:1

land-Baltimore); Prof. John Lewis Gaddis (Ohio Uniexpense to consult the archives. His decision

versity-Athens); Dr. Samuel F. Wells, Jr. (Deputy (February 1995), 1-42.

to rely exclusively on contemporaneous Director, Woodrow Wilson Center); and Prof. Sharon

newspaper articles and on a few recent first- Wolchik (George Washington University). Within Publications: Fabian Escalante, The Secret hand accounts largely negates whatever con

the Wilson Center, CWIHP is under the Division of War: CIA covert operations against Cuba,

International Studies, headed by Amb. Robert tribution his book might have made. 1959-1962 (Melbourne, Australia: Ocean

Hutchings, and is directed by Dr. James G. Hershberg.

Perhaps if Grishin had pursued archival Readers are invited to submit articles, letters and Press, 1995); Claudia Furati, trans. Maxine

research, he would have been able to come Update items to the Bulletin. Publication of articles Shaw, ZR Rifle: The Plot to Kill Kennedy up with a more sophisticated presentation.

does not constitute CWIHP's endorsement of authors' and Castro: Cuba Opens Secret Files

views. Copies are available free upon request. To be sure, his book is a vast improvement (Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1994);

over the lurid Soviet-era publications on the Cold War International History Project Bulletin Carlos Lechuga, In the Eye of the Storm:

Polish crisis (e.g., Georgii Korchadnze's Issues 6-7 (Winter 1995/1996)
Castro, Khrushchev, Kennedy and the Cu-
Zagovor protiv Pol'shi), and Grishin's dis-

Woodrow Wilson International Ctr. for Scholars ban Missile Crisis: The inside story by

1000 Jefferson Drive, SW cussion of Soviet policy toward Poland in

Washington, D.C. 20560 Cuba's former UN ambassador(Melbourne,

1980-81 is often insightful. But his book is Tel.: (202) 357-2967; fax: (202) 357-4439 Australia: Ocean Press, 1995); Mark White,

a far cry from the scholarly standards that e-mail: wwcem123@sivm.si.edu The Cuban Missile Crisis (London:

most Western (and, increasingly, many RusMacmillan, and New York: New York Uni

Editor: James G. Hershberg sian) analysts would accept. Grishin is pri

Managing Editor: P.J. Simmons versity Press, January 1996). marily interested in showing why the Polish

Associate Editor: Bonnie Southwick leader, Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, was justi- Researchers: Andrew Grauer, Mark Torok, fied in crushing Solidarity in December 1981.

Michelle King, Sara Kirchhoff, Anne Chiorazzi,

Helen Christakos
Grishin draws extensively and uncritically

[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The Cold War in the Third World

and the Collapse of Détente in the 1970s

In January 1976, during several days of negotiations in Moscow secretive setting. This time, in the fall of 1981, at the height of with Kremlin leaders, U.S. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger the public hostility between the Reagan Administration and pleaded for a Soviet gesture to ease the superpower confrontation in Fidel Castro's Cuba, Haig was clandestinely meeting the Angola, where the USSR's airlift of military equipment and Cuban Cuban Vice President, Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, in a Mexico troops had allowed the leftist government in Luanda to withstand an City suburb. And one key subject for debate was a review of assault by guerrilla forces backed by South Africa. The action could recent history: How had Cuba become involved in Africa, and do “irreparable damage” to detente, Kissinger warned, undermining why did U.S.-Cuban relations begin to "go very poorly" in supporters of that policy (above all Kissinger himself) in the United 1975-76 and continue to deteriorate thereafter? (The record of States. And that would be a "tragedy” since neither Moscow nor that meeting remains classified in U.S. and Cuban archives, Washington had any significant interests in Angola, and “Five years but the Cold War International History Project Bulletin in this from now it will make no difference.”

issue publishes a translated transcript obtained from the RusAccording to recently declassified transcripts of the talks, ob- sian archives.) tained under the Freedom of Information Act by the National While Haig, repeating charges made during the Carter Security Archive, Soviet Communist Party General Secretary Le- Administration, insisted that Cuba had acted as a Soviet proxy onid I. Brezhnev and Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko rebuffed or puppet by intervening in Angola and the Horn of Africa, the American's increasingly plaintive entreaties with the curt re- Rodriguez maintained just as stoutly that Havana had acted sponse that any complaints should be taken up with Havana, since independently, out of its own interests, albeit (especially in the the Cuban intervention was the result of decisions made between latter case) in coordination with Moscow; if anything, he two sovereign states, Angola and Cuba, and the USSR could not declared, far from Moscow pulling the strings, it had been speak for them. At a Friday morning session with Gromyko at the Castro, not Brezhnev, who had been the most ardent advocate Foreign Ministry's Tolstoi House, Kissinger finally gave up, wist- of sending military support to revolutionary leaders in Africa. fully calling it “a pity that this has come to pass when many "The outward geopolitical character of these events is opportunities existed for two great powers to settle this in a far- completely at odds with the essence of the true facts ... History sighted way."

will bring all of this to light,” Rodriguez is quoted as telling "It wouldn't be the first time in history,” he rued, “that events Haig, adding: "One fine day, all of this will come to light. You that no one can explain afterwards give rise to consequences out of can believe me or not, but some day this will be common proportion to their intrinsic significance."

knowledge." Five years later, détente had indeed collapsed, in large measure That "fine day" has not quite arrived-much remains due to a series of superpower conflicts in the Third World—over classified or hidden in archives and memories on all sides of Angola, the Horn of Africa, Cuba, and Afghanistan, among other the events—but with this issue of the CWIHP Bulletin, it has locations—and another U.S. Secretary of State, Alexander M. Haig, come palpably closer. Jr., confronted another communist interlocutor in an even more

continued on page 4 *FOR IMPORTANT SUBSCRIBER ALSO IN THIS ISSUE:

* NEW EVIDENCE ON SOVIET INFORMATION, SEE INSIDE BACK * MORE NEW EVIDENCE

DECISION-MAKING AND THE 1956 COVER (P. 421) !!! ON THE COLD WAR IN ASIA

POLISH AND HUNGARIAN CRISES *VISIT THE CWIHP WEBSITE:

* MORE RUSSIAN DOCUMENTS * RESEARCH NOTES—SOVIET http://www.seas.gwu.edu/nsarchive/cwihp ON THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS NUCLEAR HISTORY

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