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sary then he can do it. KIM IL SUNG replied (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, that he would convene the PolitSoviet to- Listy 14-15 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis Khrushchev, Vyshinsky, File of 8th Departmorrow and read them the contents of this 5a, Delo 4, Papka 11, List 162]

ment. letter. SHTYKOV

30.13 September 1950, ciphered telegram, (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, No. 1001

Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Listy 18-19 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 30.8.50 Moscow

5a, Delo 4, Papka 11, Listy 163-164] Copies: Stalin (2), Malenkov, Beria, Bulganin, Mikoyan, Khrushchev, File of 8th CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 600155/1II. (documents

from 21 September 1950 through Department.

From Pyongyang Sent 13.9.50 Received 14 October 1950 appear following the ar13.9. 13:15

ticle in this issue by Alexandre Mansourov] (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, Sent to the 8th Department of the General Listy 12-13 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis Staff of the Armed Forces 13.9 13:22. 31. 25 October 1950, VKP(b) CC (All5a, Delo 4, Papka 11, Listy 159-160)

By telegraph.

Union Communist Party (bolshevik)] CenExtremely urgent.

tral Committee Politburo decision with 29. 31 August 1950, ciphered telegram, Moscow-Ministry of Foreign Affairs approved directives to Foreign Minister Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin) transmitting of the USSR.

Vyshinsky (at the United Nations in New letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

In connection with the forthcoming ses- York) and to Soviet Ambassador in Wash

sion of the (UN) General Assembly, we ington CIPHERED TELEGRAM

consider it advisable to recommend to the FYN-SI (Stalin).

government of the Korean People's Demo- All-Union Communist Party (bolshevik), I transmit the letter I received.

cratic Republic to send a statement to the CENTRAL COMMITTEE According to the report of KIM IL General Assembly and the Security Council, No. P78/332 To Comrades Bulganin, SUNG's secretary, MUN IL, this text of the in which, on the basis of documents found in Molotov, Gromyko. letter was confirmed by the PolitSoviet of the the archives of the Rhee Syngmann (South Excerpt from protocol No. 78 of the meeting CC of the Labor Party.

Korean) government, to show how the clique of the Politburo CC VKPR(b). SHTYKOV of RHEE SYNGMANN prepared an attack

Decision of 25 October 1950 No. 1011/sh

on the north, to set forth once again the 332. - About the use by the United States of 31.8.1950

position of the government of the Korean Japanese in the war against Korea. Copies to Stalin (2), Malenkov, Beria, People's Democratic Republic on the ques- Toconfirm the draft order of MIDUSSR Bulganin, Mikoyan, Khrushchev, File of the tion of the illegality of the American inter- to Comrade Vyshinsky (attachment 1) and to 8th Department.

vention in Korea, to illuminate the barbaric the Soviet representative in the Far Eastern

acts of the American armed forces in Korea Commission (attachment 2). “DEAR comrade STALIN, I.V. and to demand the adoption of measures for

SECRETARY CC We are deeply touched by your atten- the immediate cessation of the American tion. intervention and the withdrawal from Korea

To p.332(op) pr.PB No. 78 We bring to you, our dear teacher, grati- of the troops of the foreign interventionists.

Attachment 1 tude for the warm sympathy and advice. In In addition to this statement (we advise] NEW YORK the decisive period of the struggle of the to send to the General Assembly and the TO VYSHINSKY Korean people we have received great moral Security Council photocopies of the docu- 353. Your proposal about the inadvissupport from you. We have firmly resolved ments to which reference will be made in the ability of supporting in the General Assemto win the final victory in the struggle against statement of the government of the Korean bly the accusation made by the government the American interventionists, who are try- People's Democratic Republic.

of the DPRK against the USA, which is using ing anew to enslave Korea.

In such case as you agree to this pro- Japanese in the aggressive war against the In the noble struggle for independence posal, we ask you to communicate when it Korean people, we consider incorrect. A and freedom we constantly feel your fatherly would be convenient to send such a state- statement by the Soviet delegation in the care and assistance. ment.

General Assembly with a declaration of supWe wish you many years of life and We would consider it advisable also to port for the accusation made by the governhealth.

inform the government of the Korean People's ment of the DPRK against the USA, cannot Yours faithfully,

Democratic Republic about the position weaken our position with regard to this quesKIM IL SUNG

which the Soviet delegation in the General tion in the Far Eastern Commission. There(upon commission of the PolitSoviet of Assembly will take on the Korean question.

Assembly will take on the Korean question. fore it is necessary for you to support the the CC (Central Committee) of the Labor We ask your orders.

protest of the government of the DPRK Party of Korea)

SHTYKOV

against the use by the Americans of Japanese city of PYONGYANG No. 1154/sh.

servicemen in the war in Korea. Use the facts 31.8.1950.” 13 September of this year

brought forth in the statement of Pak HonCopies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, Yong, in one of your next speeches in the

[blocks in formation]

General Assembly at an appropriate mo- USA of Japanese servicemen in the war Note: ment, according to your discretion.

against the Korean people. The Soviet del- Comrade Zakharov has familiarized We are simultaneously giving an order egation considers that the Far Eastern Com- himself with this telegram and considers that to the Soviet representative in the DVK [Far mission must not disregard the aforemen- the trip of the naval commander with adviser Eastern Commission to make a correspond- tioned facts, which testify to the direct viola- Kuz’min is necessary. ing statement on this question and to support tion of the agreed-upon decision on the de

ROSHCHIN the protest of the government of the DPRK militarization of Japan."

No. 2623 against the use by the United States of Japa- Give the statement to the press.

28.10 nese in military operations in Korea.

A. GROMYKO By order of Instantsiia [i.e., Stalin).

(Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 334, A. GROMYKO

(Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 827, Listy 62-63)

Listy 141-143 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis
To p.332(op) pr.PB No. 78 5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 155-157] 33. 29 October 1950, ciphered telegram,
TOP SECRET

Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong
Attachment 2

32. 28 October 1950, ciphered telegram,
WASHINGTON
Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), via

CIPHERED TELEGRAM
SOVIET AMBASSADOR
Roshchin

BEIJING - to Comrade Zakharov
It is necessary for you the make the

For MAO ZEDONG following statement at the next meeting of SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF

To Comrade MAO ZEDONG the Far Eastern Commission:

THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET I received your telegram about naval “As is known, the Minister of Foreign ARMY

matters. I agree to the trip to MOSCOW of Affairs of the Korean People's Democratic CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26239 XIAO, JINGUANG and the other comrades. Republic, Pak Hon-Yong, has sent to the Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria,

FILIPPOV (Stalin) chairman of the General Assembly and to Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin

29.10.50. the chairman of the Security Council a pro- From Beijing Received 19 hours 50 minutes Copies: Stalin, Bulganin test against the use of Japanese servicemen 28.10.1950 in military actions in Korea. In this protest

TOP PRIORITY T

(Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 334, it is shown that in the fundamental facts

TO FILIPPOV (Stalin)

List 64) found in the decree of the government of the 27 October I received the following teleKorean People's Democratic Republic, it is gram from Mao Zedong addressed to you: 34. 1 November 1950, ciphered telegram, established that Japanese servicemen par- "Comrade Filippov!

Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Shtykov ticipated in battles in the area of Seoul to- In connection with the military situation gether with American troops, that one Japa- that has developed in China at the present CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 5222 nese company participated in battles in the time, we urgently need to acquire from the

TO SHTYKOV area of Chkholvon and that a significant Soviet Union the following armaments for number of Japanese are found in the 7th and the navy: high-speed torpedo boats, floating You request that our officers and advi8th divisions of the Rhee Syngmann troops. mines, armored ships, small patrol boats, sers remain in the disposition of the (North)

The use by the United States of Japa- minesweeping equipment, coastal fortress Koreans for the formation of Korean divinese servicemen in military operations in artillery and torpedo bomber planes.

sions. Such a point of view of yours is well Korea is a gross violation of the Potsdam I therefore intend to send immediately to known to us. But we do not know the points declaration, and also of section III of the Moscow by plane the commander of the navy

of view of the [North) Korean government, resolution of the Far Eastern Commission Xiao Jinguang together with adviser Com- we do not know whether it wishes to have “Basic Policy in Relation to Japan after rade Kuz’min in order to conduct negotia- Soviet officers and advisers in the future or Capitulation" of June 19, 1947, and the tions with the responsible comrades of the prefers to invite Chinese. You still have not resolution adopted on the basis of this docu- Soviet Navy on the question of the request for communicated the point of view of the Koment “Prohibition of Military Activity in the above mentioned arms and on the ques- rean government on this subject. We cannot Japan and Use of Japanese Military Equip- tion of the construction of the Chinese navy in impose our advisers and officers on the Koment” of February 12, 1948. The Potsdam the future.

rean government. Let KIM IL SUNG comdeclaration and aforementioned resolution Along with Comrade Xiao Jinguang, municate his point of view regarding this. of the Far Eastern Commission provide for two other comrades from the navy administhe full disarmament and demilitarization of tration of China, Lue Shuchu and deputy

FYN SI (STALIN) Japan, forbid the reestablishment or posses- chief of the rear administration of the navy sion of any kind of Japanese military forma- Comrade Tsin I-tin, must also go [to Mos- 1 November 1950 tions. cow).

Copies: Stalin (2), 8th Department of the The Soviet delegation supports the pro- I ask you to review the aforementioned General Staff to Shtykov test of the government of the Korean People's and give me a corresponding reply. Democratic Republic against the use by the MAO ZEDONG 27 October 1950." (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, List 84, and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, a) 6 PO-2 planes, which are fully com- part in military operations in KOREA, have Delo 3, Papka 11, List 161]

bat ready and are carrying out night mis- only (six) battle sets of rifle-machine gun

sions. There are 14 pilots, and from the 15 cartridges. In the future, in connection with 35. 2 November 1950, ciphered telegram, PO-2 available, 5 planes crashed during land- the development of military operations, we S.E. Zakharov, Soviet military represen- ings and takeoffs at the airfield itself and 4 will have a very great need to supply the tative in Beijing, to Fyn Si (Stalin) planes were lost while on missions.

army with ammunition. If there is no change

b) 25 pilots for IL-10 planes, but up to in military production, then the rearmament Second Main Administration of the General now there are no planes for them

can be begun in the second half of 1951. Staff of the Soviet Army

6. The command of the mixed air divi- For overcoming the difficulties of the CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26416 sion of Koreans in ANDONG has been present time I ask you to review the question Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, formed. It is headed by General LI FART. of the possibility of the delivery of small Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, 7. Comrade PETRACHEV asks about arms for 36(thirty-six) divisions in the course Vasilevsky, Shtemenko, Lomov

the possibility of receiving 25 Il-10 planes of January and February 1951, according to From Beijing 15 hours 30 minutes and 10 PO-2 planes.

the following list (name, quantity in pieces): 2.11.1950

[S.E.] ZAKHAROV

1. Soviet rifles 140,000.
TOP PRIORITY E
No. 2702

2. Rifle cartridges 58,000,000.
FYN SI (Stalin]
2.11.50

3. Soviet sub-machine guns 26,000. To No. 5228 of 2.11.50

Report: No. 5228 of 2.11.50 asked Comrade 4. Cartridges for sub-machine guns I report: Through Colonel Petrachev, ad- Zakharov about the fact that there are dis- 80,000,000. viser to the Korean air force, I have obtained crepancies between his report and Belov's 5. Soviet light machine guns 7,000. the following specific information:

report about the air battle in the region of 6. Cartridges for light machine guns 1. By the first of November a regiment Andong. He was ordered to elucidate this 37,000,000 was formed using 26 Korean pilots that have discrepancy and report about the participa- 7. Soviet heavy machine guns 2,000. been trained and 24 Yak-9 planes that are tion of Korean planes in battles and about the 8. Cartridges for heavy machine guns located in An'dun. fact that two of them did not return.

20,000,000. 2. On November 1 of this year, 8 planes

9. Pilots' handguns 1,000. of this regiment went into battle for the first (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, 10. Cartridges for pilots' handguns time, in the region of ANSIU. As a result of Listy 71-72 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 100,000. this flight 2 B-29 planes and a Mustang were 5a, Delo 4, Papka 11, Listy 187-188]

11. TNT 1,000 tons. downed. Two Yak-9's did not return from

I ask you to communicate to me the the battle.

36. 8 November 1950, ciphered telegram, results of your review of my request. The first report from comrade Belov to Mao Zedong to Filippov Stalin)

I wish you health. me about the loss of the two Yak-9 planes in

MAO ZEDONG abattle in the region of ANDONG-SINGISIU SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF No. 2784 was thus imprecise.

THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET 7.11.50 The losses relate to a battle in the region ARMY of ANSIU.

CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26637 (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, 3. In a battle on November 1 of this year, Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, Listy 80-81) in the region of ANDONG-SINGISIU, two Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, F-82 planes were downed by our pilots in Khrushchev, Vasilevsky, Shtemenko 37.9 November 1950, VKB(b) CC PolitMIG-15's and two planes were downed by From Beijing Received 02 hours 00 min- buro decision with approved message from anti-aircraft artillery. In all 4 planes [were utes 8.11.1950

Gromyko to Roshchin with message for downed).

TOP PRIORITY T

Zhou Enlai We had no losses in the air battle.

To Comrade FILIPPOV (Stalin] 4. MIG-15's of Comrade Belov flew In view of the fact that the infantry arms ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY from airbases at MUKDEN and AN'SHAN'. of the People's Liberation Army are mainly (bolsheviks), CENTRAL COMMITTEE In all, 8 sorties were made from each airport. trophies captured from the enemy, there is a No. P78/448 To Bulganin,

5. At present there are 16 battle [as great variety in the calibers of the rifles. Molotov, Gromyko. opposed to training] Yak-9's at the airbase at Such a situation creates great difficulty 9 November 1950 ANDONG. In an attack on the Andong for the manufacture of ammunition, and in Excerpt from protocol No. 78 of the meeting airport on 1 November 1950 one Yak-9 was particular for the production of rifle and of the Politburo CC VKP(b) (Central Comburned and 3 were put out of action, but it is machine gun cartridges, especially as our mittee, All-Union Communist Party possible to restore them. In addition, 2 factories can produce only very small quan- (bolshevik)] planes were lost while patrolling. tities of these cartridges.

Decision of 9 November 1950 In all 22 planes and 2 planes did not At present the troops of the volunteer 448.- Question of MID USSR. return from the region of ANSIU.

army, in the amount of 36 (thirty-six) divi- To confirm the attached draft of a teleIn addition to the Yak-9's there are: sions of the twelve armies, which are taking gram to Comrade Roshchin on the question the air corps.

of the participation of China in the Security

Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, Council.

38. 15 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, SECRETARY CC

Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) via Khrushchev
To p.448(op) pr.PB No.78 Zakharov

From Beijing Received 20 hours 15 minutes BEIJING

16.11.1950 SOVIET AMBASSADOR SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF

EXTREMELY URGENT T For transmission to Zhou Enlai.

THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET To Comrade FILIPPOV (Stalin) I have received your telegram with the ARMY

At present the number of our troops request for a consultation on the question of CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26901. operating in Korea has increased from 18 the participation of China in the [UN] Secu- Copies: Stalin, Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, (eighteen) divisions of 6 (six) armies to 30 rity Council.

Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, (thirty) divisions of 9 (nine) armies. MoreIn our opinion two variants are pos- Khrushchev.

over we have another 9 divisions of 3 armies sible.

From Beijing Received 06 hours 10 minutes in reserve. In connection with this, transport The first variant (is) to refuse to accept 16.11.1950

is faced with very large tasks. With regard to the invitation in the manner in which it was

TOP PRIORITY T

automobiles, we have already received agreeformulated in the Security Council. Mo- To Comrade FILIPPOV (Stalin]

ment from the Government of the Soviet tives: the invitation deprives the Chinese Comrade FILIPPOV:

Union about delivery of 3,000 automobiles people's republic of the right to discuss in I fully agree with your proposal to rein- before December 15. the Security Council the most urgent ques- force Belov's aviation force by an additional It is necessary that we urgently resolve tions of China, in particular the question of delivery of MIG-15 planes to China in two the question of gasoline and lubricant. I ask the military intervention in Korea and the lots, numbering 120 (one hundred twenty) you to confirm the delivery of gasoline and question of the seizure of Taiwan by the pieces and to create a command apparatus for

pieces and to create a command apparatus for lubricant in the quantity indicated below: United States of America, its right being

1. New request: 10 thousand tons of limited only to the review of the report of As concerns questions regarding the air- gasoline, 2720 barrels (capacity of 53 galMacArthur.

ports in MANCHURIA and the strengthen- lons, the same as below) of lubricating oil for The second variant [is] to accept the ing of all PVO (Anti-Aircraft Defense) mea- diesel engines, transmission oil 220 barrels, invitation and to commission the Chinese sures, we will resolve them together with brake oil 110 barrels, yellow oil (Grease) 144 delegation to make a statement in the Secu- comrade (S.E.] ZAKHAROV.

barrels. rity Council on all the abovementioned ques- Iexpress gratitude to the Soviet pilots for 2. I ask you to ship the following oils on tions, turning the discussion of the question the heroism and effort they have displayed in the oil quota agreed upon in the request made into an indictment of the USA. If they do not battle, and for the fact that over the last 12 by the Ministry of Trade of the Chinese allow the Chinese delegation fully to lay out days they downed 23 invading American People's Republic to the Ministry of Foreign its position, the Chinese delegation will walk planes. I think that this is worth reporting to Trade of the USSR: gasoline 7000 tons, out of the meeting and refuse to discuss even you.

diesel lubricant 2380 barrels, transmission one report of MacArthur.

I congratulate you on the successes! oil 190 barrels, brake oil 95 barrels, yellow It seems to us that the first variant is MAO ZEDONG.

oil (Grease) 126 barrels. more advisable.

Nov 15, 1950.

3. The total quantity of various oils (1 You should not connect yourself to the NEW PARAGRAPH.

and 2), which we must acquire from the conduct of the Soviet delegate in the Secu- To Comrade FILIPPOV.

Soviet Union: gasoline 17,000 tons, diesel rity Council, where he voted for the resolu- I report.

lubricant 5100 barrels, transmission oil 410 tion of the English delegate (Gladwyn]Jebb, Your telegram was communicated at 20 barrels, brake oil 205 barrels, yellow oil especially since, speaking between us, So- hours 30 minutes local time 15.11.

(Grease) 270 barrels. viet delegate (Jacob) Malik did not have an ZAKHAROV

I ask you to deliver the first half (50%) instruction to vote for the English resolu- No. 2910

of the aforementioned gasoline and oil by the tion, but had a direct directive to put in a veto 16.11

end of December, and the second half (50%) if the Soviet resolution was rejected. Malik

by 20 January 1951. apparently was carried away by the fact that (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, Will this be subject to regulations? he had nevertheless forced the Americans to Listy 116 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, We await your answer. vote in favor of inviting China, but he did not Delo 4, Papka 11, List 189)

With bolshevik greetings. take into account that the form of the invita

ZHOU ENLAI tion adopted by the Security Council would 39.16 November 1950, ciphered telegram, No. 2917 place China in a disadvantageous position. Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

14/16.11.50 Telegraph the fulfillment. A. GROMYKO

SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335,

THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET Listy 117-118]
(Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 371, ARMY
Listy 4-5]
CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26935

40.17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

tion. 41.17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, 2) The preparation of pilots for two SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via regiments of jet planes and one regiment of THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET Zakharov

bombers from among the 119 pilots of the ARMY

Korean People's Army who are being trained CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26998

CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 5708 on the territory of the Soviet Union. Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, BEIJING

3) The dispatch to the Soviet Union of Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, To Comrade Zakharov

120 men for the preparation of aviation techKhrushchev

For Comrade Zhou Enlai

nicians and 30 crew members for attack From Beijing Received 20 hours 45 minutes I received the telegram with the request planes which we ourselves are not in a posi17.11.1950 for urgent delivery of 500 automobiles. Your

tion to prepare. EXTREMELY URGENT T request will be satisfied by us. In order to 4) By January 1 to send an additional To Comrade FILIPPOV (Stalin] speed up the transfer of the automobiles to 170 Korean pilots to the Soviet Union for

According to a report from Peng Dehuai you, having in mind to give you new automo- flight training, who will have completed theoand Gao Gang, we have an insufficient num- biles, orders have been given to our military retical preparation by that time. ber of automobiles engaged in transport to command not to give you old automobiles I hope that you, comrade STALIN, will the rear, enemy planes are inflicting losses from Port Arthur, but to send new automo- assist us in the resolution of these questions. on autotransport, and also it is not possible to biles to the Manchuria [railway) station and

With respect KIM IL SUNG ensure the supply of local human and mate- to transfer 140 automobiles to Chinese repre- 16.11.50" rial resources, food supply and winter cloth- sentatives on 20 November and 355 automo- No. 15 T. SHTYKOV ing cannot be secured in time and the troops biles on 25-26 November.

17.11.50 are experiencing hunger and cold.

We will speed up the shipment of the Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, A new operation will begin soon. Rail- remaining automobiles and another 1,000 Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, road bridges across the Yalu are subjected to automobiles will arrive at the Manchurian Khrushchev, Sokolovsky, Shtemenko, bombardment by enemy planes every day. station before 5 December.

Gromyko, file of 8th Dept. of General Staff The river is beginning to freeze, and it is

FILIPPOV [Stalin]

of Armed Forces not possible to build submerged bridges and 17 November 1950 pontoons. Therefore until such time as the

(Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, river is frozen, so that automobiles can cross (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, Listy 88-89 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis the ice, we must in the next 8-9 days transport List 124]

5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 180-181) at an extraordinary speed food stuffs, winter gear and ammunition. If we do not, it will 42.17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, 43.20 November 1950, ciphered telegram, have an influence on the next stage of the Shtykov to Gromyko transmitting 16 No- Fyn Si (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov) fulfillment of the operation.

vember 1950 message from Kim Il Sung to In view of this, besides the mobilization Stalin

8th Department of the General Staff of the of all automobiles in Manchuria that could

Armed Forces USSR be mobilized on the front, we can mobilize a CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 600742/III CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 75835 maximum of 200 automobiles from North- From CORRESPONDENT 13 Sent 17.11.50

To Comrade SHTYKOV ern China and immediately send them to the Received 18.11 4:03-19:35

for Comrade KIM IL SUNG front to relieve the difficult situation. Sent to 8th Department of the General Staff I have received your telegram about the

I earnestly ask you to give a command to of the Armed Forces USSR 18.114:20-19:50 preparation of pilot cadres after a delay which the commander of the Soviet Army on the

By telegraph

was the fault of the Soviet apparatus. Liaodong peninsula about the transfer of 500

extremely urgent

In the opinion of our military this quesautomobiles for our army. These 500 auto- To Comrade GROMYKO

tion is more expediently resolved in the folmobiles will be reimbursed on the account of I transmit a note I received from the lowing manner: the portion which you promised to send from Korean government with the following con- 1. To organize the preparation of 20025.11 to 25.12, numbering 3,000 automo- tents:

300 pilots from Korean students, in the flight biles.

“TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE school already existing in YANTSZY on the Can you satisfy my request? I await COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE USSR territory of MANCHURIA. An additional your swift reply.

Comrade STALIN I.V.

contingent of Soviet instructors will be given With bolshevik greetings.

For preparation of pilot cadres needed for this.
ZHOU ENLAI

for the forthcoming offensive operations 2. The preparation of pilots for two jet No. 2933

against the American troops I ask you, Com- fighter regiments can be organized at one of 17.11 10:00 rade STALIN, to allow:

our jet divisions of MIG-15's located in

1) The preparation of 200-300 pilots on MANCHURIA. After the preparation of the (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, the territory of the Soviet Union from among pilots, the appropriate number of MIG-15 Listy 122-123]

Korean students sent to the USSR for educa- planes will be delivered.

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