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tions at the present front line and the desig- tions to propose to transfer the monitoring ther strengthening of the campaign to aid nation of the present line contiguous to the functions to neutral states, in other words to Korea and struggle against American impetroops of both sides as the demarcation line states that are not participating in the war. We rialism, for the purpose of ensuring the furwith the introduction of alterations in the want to invite three states to fulfill these ther conduct of the war in Korea, securing line contiguous to troops of both sides in tasks: the Soviet Union, Poland and India. also by financial means the stabilization of case of alterations of it in the period of the It is possible that the Americans will the scene within the country, and also achievement of an agreement on all points of oppose this at the beginning. Then we will strengthening state construction and mainly the agenda. At the present time the enemy is propose to introduce (as monitors) represen- construction of defense. fighting with us precisely on this question, tatives from Sweden and one state of Latin In the present year, in light of rendering but we assume that this fight will not con- America.

aid to Korea and the struggle against Ameritinue for long.

As regards the exchange of prisoners of can imperialism, the budget of the Chinese Our proposal about cessation of mili- war, we will oppose exchange according to state in comparison with 1950 has increased tary operations at the present front line and the principle of 1 for 1 and will propose by 60%. 32% of the total budget is directly our agreement to set aside the question of the exchange according to the principle of return being used in the Korean theater of military 38th parallel as the demarcation line, and the of all prisoners of war by both sides. operations. (Military credit extended to us question of the withdrawal of all foreign I think it will not be difficult to reach by the Soviet Government is not included in troops from Korea before the convening of a agreement on this question.

this calculation.) political conference, was made not only be- On the question of the governments of Thus, if a regime of economizing is not cause the present negotiations are negotia- the interested states convening a conference introduced now, in the next year the budget tions about cessation of military operations of high level officials, three variants are pos- will increase even more, which inevitably and [because) the enemy will not in any case sible:

will have an influence on finances and lead to want to exchange eastern mountainous re- 1. Convening a conference of political a great rise in the prices of goods, which in gions to the north of the 38th parallel for representatives of both sides which are pres- turn will create difficulties at the front, and low-lying regions to the south of the 38th ently conducting negotiations. (It is possible also in the area of construction in the rear. It parallel, but also because in case the enemy that America will propose this variant.) is true that achieving peace as a result of the refuses to leave the eastern mountainous 2. Convening a conference with the par- negotiations is advantageous for us, but we regions we also have mountainous regions ticipation of four states: the Soviet Union, also are not afraid of dragging out the negothere that are) advantageous for defense; as China, America, England and representatives tiations. Acting thus, we will surely be able regards the western coastal plain to the south of North and South Korea.

to achieve victory. At the same time we will of the 38th parallel, it is advantageous for us 3. Convening a conference with partici- be able successfully to carry out various because it has a much greater population pation of seven states: the Soviet Union, measures within the country and secure stathan the eastern regions, and furthermore it China, America, England, France, India, bilization and further development in the is rich in agricultural products, plus the re- Egypt and representatives of North and South area of politics and the economy. gion of Kaesong is an advanced post for Korea.

I ask your instructions on the above. taking Seoul. I ask you, proceeding from the interna

MAO ZEDONG Comrade Kim Il Sung during the dis- tional situation, to give instructions regard- No. 5631 cussion of armistice conditions in Beijing in ing which of the three variants is best or 14.11.51 June of this year had the same opinion on this propose a new variant. question. This time it also was done with his At the present time, on the basis of the (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 342, agreement.

aforementioned we will achieve cessation of Listy 16-19) As regards the discussion of the ques- military operations this year. At the same tion of monitoring at the negotiations, we time, we will carry out the necessary prepara

94. 19 November 1951, ciphered telegram earlier suggested to propose to create an tion in case of a dragging out of the negotia- from Roshchin conveying message from organ for cessation of military operations, in tions by the enemy and their breakdown. Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) which would be included representatives of Expecting that the negotiations will be drawn both sides, and to assign to it the task of out for another half year or year, we have

Ciphered Telegram monitoring the fulfillment of the conditions moved toward economizing on our human Copies: Stalin (2), Copy of the cessation of military operations and and material forces in the Korean theater of From BEIJING 17:10 19/XI.1951 monitoring in the buffer zone. military operations and we are pursuing the

Special No. 1821 However, the enemy is sure to demand tactics of a long, active defense, with the goal

TOP PRIORITY the establishment of monitoring in the rear of holding the position we presently occupy

SPECIAL of both sides, in order to limit the transport and inflicting great manpower losses on the 19 November at 18 hours Beijing time I by both sides of reinforcements and military enemy, in order to gain victory in the war. was invited to visit Zhou Enlai, who asked goods.

Within the country we are preparing for me to transmit to Comrade Filippov the reWe intend to agree to the establishment the reorganization of the army, reduction of quest of Mao Zedong to give an answer to the of monitoring at 1 or 2 border points of both the bureaucracy, introduction of a regime of telegram of Mao Zedong to Comrade Filippov sides and in accordance with your instruc- economizing, increasing production and fur

economizing, increasing production and fur- (Stalin) on the question of negotiations in

Korea, which was transmitted to the Center not showing haste and not displaying interest 1352. From your telegram it is not clear on 14 November through Krasovsky. in a rapid end to the negotiations.

in connection with what and on whose initiaZhou Enlai acquainted me with the tele- We consider your position on the defini- tive the question arose about an appeal by the gram and added that while awaiting the reply tion of the line of demarcation and the estab- government of the DPRK to the General of Comrade Filippov the Chinese side had lishment of monitoring in one or two border Assembly and the Security Council with a already twice declined to meet with Ameri- points to be correct. We also agree

with

you demand concerning a speeding up of the can representatives in Korea.

about the composition of the commission for resolution of the Korean question. It is also 19.XI.51 ROSHCHIN

the fulfillment of monitoring functions. not clear how the Chinese friends regard this,

Your position on the question of an since you do not communicate anything about (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 342, exchange of prisoners of war is completely this in your telegram. List 22 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, correct and it will be difficult for the oppo- An appeal by the government of the Delo 5, Papka 11, List 62] nent to dispute it.

DPRK to the General Assembly and to the

As regards the possible variants of con- Security Council as it is set forth in your 95. 19 November 1951, VKP(b) CC Polit- vening a conference for the further resolu- telegram: about the immediate cessation of buro decision with approved message tion of the Korean question after the conclu- military operations in Korea, about the withFilippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

sion of an armistice, it seems to us that it drawal of troops along the front line and the

would be more expedient to convene a con- creation of a two kilometer demilitarization ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY (Bol- ference of political representatives of both zone and about making answerable those sheviks). CENTRAL COMMITTEE sides which are presently conducting the guilty of prolonging the war in Korea, could No. P84/421

negotiations, with the obligatory participa- be evaluated in the present situation, in con19 November 1951 Copies: Malenkov, tion of representatives of North and South ditions of blackmail by the Americans, as a Molotov, Gromyko, Vasilevsky Korea. .

sign of weakness on the Chinese-Korean Excerpt from protocol No. 84 of the meeting

FILIPPOV (Stalin] side, which is politically disadvantageous. of the Politburo CC VKP(b) (Central Com- 19 November 1951

Therefore, not having the text of the mittee, All-Union Communist Party

appeal, not knowing the opinion of the Chi(bol'shevik)]

(Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 828 nese comrades and not knowing the motives Decision of 19 November 1951

[9], Listy 42-43 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, which are guiding the Korean friends, we 421. Telegram of Mao Zedong on ques- Opis 5a, Delo 5, Papka 11, List 64] A copy consider it necessary that you advise the tions of the negotiations about an armistice in of the telegram sent to Beijing in found in Korean friends to set aside resolution of the Korea.

(APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 342, List 23] question of an appeal until the elucidation of To adopt the attached draft answer of

the aforementioned questions. Comrade Filippov to the telegram of Com- 96. 19 November 1951, VKP(b) CC Polit- We await a more detailed report from rade Mao Zedong on questions of the nego- buro decision with approved message from you. tiations about an armistice in Korea. Gromyko to Razuvaev

Confirm receipt.
SECRETARY CC

A. GROMYKO
ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY 19/XI/51
To p.421(op) pr.PB No.84 (bolsheviks), CENTRAL COMMITTEE
Top Secret

No. P84/422 Copies: Comrades Malenkov, (Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 829,
BEIJING
Molotov, Gromyko

Listy 44-45 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis TO KRASOVSKY 19 November 1951

5a, Delo 5, Papka 11, Listy 65-66] For transmission to Comrade MAO Excerpt from protocol No. 84 of the meeting ZEDONG.

of the Politburo CC VKP(b) (Central Com- 97. 20 November 1951, Gromyko to G.M. “Comrade Mao Zedong!

mittee, All-Union Communist Party Malenkov, attaching draft telegram to We received your telegram on the ques- (bol'shevik)]

Razuvaev tions of the negotiations about an armistice in

Decision of 19 November 1951 Korea.

422. Telegram of Comrade Razuvaev To Comrade MALENKOV G.M. We agree with your evaluation of the No. 1352.

I am sending a draft telegram to Compresent condition of the negotiations.

To adopt the attached draft instruction rade Razuvaev. I ask you to review it. The entire course of the negotiations for to Comrade Razuvaev.

A. Gromyko some time past shows that although the

SECRETARY CC

20 November 1951 Americans are dragging out the negotiations,

No. 334/ag they nonetheless are more in need of rapidly

Copies: Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Khrushchev concluding them. This is based on the

To p.422(op) pr.PB No. 84

TOP PRIORITY overall international situation.

Top Secret

NORTH KOREA We consider it correct that the Chinesel

Top Priority

SOVIET AMBASSADOR Korean side, using flexible tactics in the NORTH KOREA

We draw your attention to the inadmisnegotiations, continues to pursue a hard line, To RAZUVAEV

sibility of your actions in connection with the appeal of the Korean friends to the UN on the UN with the aforementioned demands, and Listy 44-45 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, opis 5a, question of speeding up a peace settlement you elucidated this only when you had re- Delo 5, papka 11, Listy 67-68] in Korea.

ceived a direct order to do so and after the You communicated only on 18 Novem- Koreans had already made their statement. 99. 25 December 1951, memorandum, ber (your No. (number is illegible]) about Learn this in the future.

Gromyko to Razuvaev the intention of the Korean friends to put forth an appeal to the General Assembly and (Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 829,

To Comrade STALIN I.V. the Security Council with demands: about Listy 46-48 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, According to the report of Comrade the immediate cessation of military opera- Delo 4, Papka 11, Listy 27-29)

Vyshinsky, reports have been published lately tions in Korea, about the withdrawal of troops

in French and American newspapers in Paris from the front line and creation of a 2- 98. 21 November 1951, ciphered telegram, which underscore the inevitability of a breakkilometer demilitarization zone and about Gromyko to Razuvaev

down in the peace negotiations in Korea and making answerable those guilty of prolong

the possibility of broadening the Korean ing the war in Korea-asking if such an MID USSR

conflict and which lay the responsibility for appeal would contradict the statement of Tenth Department Received 18:35 this on the Korean-Chinese side (telegram Comrade Vyshinsky. 21.XI.1951

No. 812). Since we knew nothing about the pro

Sent 20:50 21.XI.1951

In connection with this, Comrade posed appeal of the Korean friends with a

CIPHERED TELEGRAM

Vyshinsky is introducing a proposal that by statement of the indicated demands, or at To NORTH KOREA

the time the period for agreement about a whose initiative arose the question of put- To RAZUVAEV TOP PRIORITY demarcation line (expires), i.e. by 27 Deting these demands before the UN, we asked

SPECIAL

cember, the Korean-Chinese command pubyou to elucidate (our No. 1059).

On 20 November the following directive lish a communiqué about the course of the Without waiting for an answer to your from Comrade Filippov (Stalin) was sent to negotiations with an exposure of the position telegram, in which were laid out the de- Roshchin:

of the Americans, which is aimed at drawing mands of the Korean friends mentioned “Explain to Mao Zedong and also to Kim out and breaking down the negotiations for above, you informed us (Your No. 1353 of Il Sung through Razuvaev, that there is in- an armistice in Korea. In the opinion of 19 November), that on that same day, i.e. 19 deed a difference between Vyshinsky's de- Vyshinsky, MID [Ministry of Foreign AfNovember, the text of the statement by Pak mand about the immediate withdrawal of fairs] DPRK should send such a communiqué Hon-Yong will be transmitted over the ra- USA troops across the 38th parallel and the to the chairman of the General Assembly of dio. Moreover, after receipt of our inquiry present position of the Chinese Korean com- the UN with a request to publish it as a (our No. 1059), on the question of the indi- rades about the delineation of the demarca- document of the UN and to send it to all the cated demands of the Korean friends you tion line at the present front line. Vyshinsky delegations in the Assembly session. limited yourself only to a report that you had could not speak otherwise in order to demon- MID USSR considers the above indiraised the question at your own initiative and strate the injustice of the USA position of cated reports of the French and American to a repetition of the question of whether refusing to withdraw their troops beyond the newspapers as blackmail, done for the purthere is a discrepancy between the proposals 38th parallel. Vyshinsky's position is advan- pose of putting pressure on the Korean-Chiof Comrade Vyshinsky about withdrawal of tageous to the Chinese Korean comrades,

nese side. troops from the 38th parallel and agreement since it demonstrates from one side the greedi- As regards the communiqué proposed in Kaesong to the point of the agenda about ness of the Americans and from the other side by Vyshinsky, in the opinion of MID, it is the establishment of a demarcation line. Con- the tractability and peaceableness of the Chi- scarcely necessary to give advice to the Kocerning the appeal, you also only reported nese-Korean comrades, who are making seri- reans and Chinese on this account, since they that it would be announced 19 November. ous concessions for the sake of achieving systematically publish reports which disThus, both in telegram No. 1353 of 19 peace.”

close the line taken by the Americans in the November and in telegram No. 1355 of 19 In view of the fact that Comrade Roshchin negotiations about an armistice in Korea. November, you informed us that the Korean does not have communications with you and From the other side, the distribution of a friends will announce their appeal, even therefore cannot fulfill through you the order Korean-Chinese communiqué as a document though at that time you did not have instruc- about transmitting to Kim Il Sung the eluci- of the UN will not give any practical results, tions from us and could not yet have re- dation given in the directive of Comrade and a request from the Koreans and Chinese ceived an answer to your inquiry. As a result Filippov, MID (Ministry of Foreign Affairs] about this can be evaluated as a sign of their the Korean friends made the appeal without is sending the directive to you.

weakness. agreement with us.

Confirm receipt.

In view of this, MID considers that to In that way you acted inadmissably Immediately telegraph the fulfillment. give any kind of advice to the Korean and thoughtlessly. Your guilt is aggravated also

21.XI.51 GROMYKO

Chinese governments regarding the by the fact that you did not even take the 21.XI.51

communiqué is inadvisable. trouble to find out from the Korean friends Copies: Stalin, Copy

A draft resolution is attached. whether they had reached agreement with

I ask you to review. the Chinese friends about the appeal to the (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 348,

A. Gromyko

25 December 1951

continuation of the war in Korea, the satel- states must name one deputy representative No. 396

lites of the enemy and the USA itself are who could participate in the meetings of the Copies: Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, Mikoyan, trying to bring an end to the war in Korea, monitoring organ in the name of its represenKaganovich, Bulganin, Khrushchev. therefore in recent days the enemy was forced tative. All representatives can take with

to set aside the discussion of the question of them assistants-advisers from among the citi(Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 829, limiting restoration and construction of air- zens of their country. All invited neutral Listy 94-97 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis ports in Korea and moved to discussion of states will provide the necessary number of 5a, Delo 5, Papka 11, Listy 76-77]

small questions concerning the agreement. administrative workers for the creation of a

According to the concrete conditions of secretariat responsible for keeping proto100. 31 January 1952, ciphered telegram, the text of the agreement on an armistice cols, transmitting documents and translaMao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

proposed by the enemy, it is obvious that, as tions.

before, this text is not final, in other words 3. The functions of the monitoring organ SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF that, as before, the enemy has included con- of neutral states are: THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET ditions about limiting the restoration and a) Practical control and monitoring of ARMY

construction of airports and about liberation the observation of the agreement by both CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 16008 of prisoners of war on a voluntary basis, after sides—not to transport to Korea from abroad, Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, having declared that these conditions can be through mutually agreed upon points, shipBulganin

omitted and it is possible not to discuss them. ments to the rear as reinforcements, military From BEIJING Received 23:00 31.1.1951 From this it is obvious that the possibility of personnel, combat aircraft, armored vehicles, Series “G” T

reaching a final agreement is increasing. Of tanks, arms and ammunition after the armiTo Comrade FILIPPOV (Stalin) course, we never have and are not now count- stice agreement is signed and goes into force, For the past period of time, in view of the ing only on these possibilities.

and also to carry out an exchange of military deliberate prolongation of the negotiations We simultaneously will vigilantly fol- personnel of both sides on the scale stipuby the enemy in the course of the negotia- low the tricks of the ruling circles of the USA lated by the agreement and in identical numtions for an armistice in Korea, up to the who in view of the growth of internal and bers; present time a final agreement has not been external opposition will carry out as before a b) Report about places where an inciachieved.

policy of prolonging and even of breaking dent occurs, about the guilt of anyone from However, on the basic questions of the down the negotiations in order to strain the the [two) sides outside the demilitarization cessation of military operations, for example: international situation even more. However zone who violates the agreement on armion the question “Establishment of a military we are prepared in military and in political stice, and also the carrying out of practical demarcation line between the two sides for relations to inflict decisive blows on the observation. the purpose of establishment of a demilita- enemy in order to shatter its plans. At the At the request of both sides or one side rized zone" an agreement has already been present time both sides in the negotiations of the commission on military armistice, the reached on three points.

have already moved over to detailed discus- monitoring organ must immediately send a On the question "working out practical sion of the questions.

neutral group for inspection and observation measures for the implementation of a For the purposes of achieving a final and also for bringing the results of the invesceasefire and armistice in Korea, including agreement on an armistice it is necessary to tigation to the commission on military armithe personnel, powers and functions of the receive your concrete instructions on the stice. apparatus for monitoring the implementa- following questions:

4. Simultaneously with the establishtion of the conditions of the ceasefire and 1. About the monitoring organ com- ment of the functions indicated in column armistice” an agreement has already been posed of representatives of neutral states. “A” point 3, the American side also proposes reached on six points (the texts are attached). The American side proposes that both that both sides after cessation of military

However, on the questions “Measures sides each invite three states whose armed operations must present information about about prisoners of war” the enemy in prin- forces are not participating in the military precise places of deployment of the land, sea ciple cannot oppose the liberation of all pris- operations in Korea, and also that each in- and air units which are participating in the oners of war. As a consequence of this, the vited state name one senior officer as a rep- military operations in Korea, and also must negotiations cannot be dragged out for a long resentative (in all 6 persons from the neutral not change the deployment or carry out a time. Nevertheless, the enemy is trying to states of both sides) for the creation of a concentration of their troops. We intend not drag out the negotiations under the pretext of monitoring organ of neutral states.

to agree with this, since it was not stipulated a rash demand about limiting the rebuilding We intend to agree with this arrange- in the points on which agreement was reached. and construction of airports after the cessa- ment and ask the Soviet Union, Poland and 5. As concerns the points of disembartion of military operations and also a demand Czechoslovakia to send representatives so kation in the rear where observation must be about liberation of prisoners on a voluntary that they could discuss the matter on an equal established, the American side proposes to basis. However, in view of the fact that our basis with representatives of the three states establish in South Korea Seoul, Chemulpo side decisively opposes these proposals and invited by the USA and also have the right to [Inchon), Dzioio, Gensiu, Tsiusiu, Taiden, also in view of the fact that it is very difficult veto.

Anto, Dzensiu, Gunzan, Taiko, Dzenten, for the enemy to mobilize public opinion for 2. Each of the abovementioned neutral Pusan—in all 12 points. In North Korea to establish Singisiu, Manpkhodin, Kangge, 8. Material supply of the monitoring Confirm receipt. Khesandun, Khekido, Sengdzii, Kaisiu—in organ of neutral states and the groups

subor- Telegraph the fulfillment. all 15 points. dinate to it must be provided by both warring

No. 72/III At each point a region of operation for sides. Both sides must provide the monitorthe neutral state must be established within ing organ with transport for trips of its mem- (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 342, a radius of 30 miles from the center of the bers to points and to places where a violation List 78 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, point.

of the agreement on armistice occurs. Delo 5, Papka 11, List 80] We consider that the enemy has pro- All the 8 points set forth above concern posed too many points, the area of operation questions of monitoring by neutral states in 102. 8 February 1952, ciphered telegram, is too broad, and the number of open points the rear regions of both sides outside the Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveyis not equal. We intend to agree that both demilitarized zone.

ing 22 January 1952 telegram from Peng sides open 3-5 points each in North Korea: I ask you to review whether our point of Dehuai to Mao and 4 February 1962 reply Singisiu, Seisin, Khanko, Manpkhodin and view is correct and whether anything needs to from Mao to Peng Dehuai one airport. In South Korea: Pusan, be added. Chemulpo, Suigei, Reisui, Khokodo. We If you agree with our opinions, then do SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF also intend to propose that the radius of you consider it necessary to communicate THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET operations of the neutral group be estab- about this in advance to the comrade leaders ARMY lished as 5 kilometers from the center of the of the parties of Poland and Czechoslova- CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 16293 point. kia[?]

Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, 6. Neutral groups of observers will be I ask you to give your answer.

Bulganin attached to the monitoring organ of neutral Note: The texts of the agreement reached From BEIJING Received 21:45 states. The group must be organized as a on two agendas was sent to you by separate 8.2.1952 minimum from four mid-level officers (lieu- telegram.

SERIES "G”T tenant-major), two officers each from the

With greetings.

TO FILIPPOV (Stalin] representatives of neutral states invited by

MAO ZEDONG

I send you for familiarization the abbreeach side. In case of necessity subgroups No. 326

viated text of the telegram to me from Peng can be created attached to the monitor groups, 31.1.52

Dehuai of 22.1 of this year and my answer of composed of two representatives, one per

4.2 of this year. son from each side.

(Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 342, The telegram of Comrade Peng Dehuai The American side proposes to create Listy 73-77]

of 22.1 of this year. 40 neutral groups of observers. We consider

“1. 16.1 of this year the Minister of that this is too many. If an agreement is 101. 3 February 1952, ciphered telegram, Foreign Affairs of (North) Korea Pak Honreached that both sides will each open 5 of Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

Yong was at my place. In a conversation he their rear points, then it will be sufficient for

said that the Korean people throughout the fulfilling the obligations of the monitoring

CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 709 country demand peace and do not want to organ to have 16 neutral groups of observ

TOP PRIORITY

continue the war. ers, of which 10 groups will be permanently

SPECIAL

If the Soviet Union and China consider located at mutually agreed upon points of BEIJING

it advantageous to continue the war, then the disembarkation and 6 groups can be used as TO KRASOVSKY

Central Committee of the Labor Party will be reserves to send to the site of incidents.

Transmit the following answer to MAO able to overcome any difficulties and hold to 7. The monitoring organ of neutral ZEDONG.

their position. groups and the commission on the military "Comrade MAO ZEDONG.

I answered that a peaceful settlement on armistice must be located in one place. The We received your telegrams of January the basis of justice and rationality is advantaneutral groups of observation during the 31 concerning the negotiations on questions geous for us. I also explained to him about fulfillment of the tasks of inspection and of an armistice.

the favorable conditions of our side in the observation do not have the right to study the We agree with the plan outlined by you present military situation and about the in“construction and characteristics” of all types and the evaluation of the course of the nego- crease in the difficulties of America. Thereof arms and ammunition.

tiations which you give. The firm position fore an agreement on an armistice can be As concerns the reports about results of taken by you has already given positive re- reached. However in military relations we the work of the neutral groups of observa- sults and must force the enemy to make will carry out active preparation of our forces tion, we consider that official reports must further concessions.

for further conduct of military operations. be adopted by the majority of the members We consider that you must make an While departing, Minister Pak Hon Yong of the given group, but reports not adopted agreement with the leading comrades of Po- agreed with my point of view about the by the majority of members or reports from land and Czechoslovakia about including their general situation and said that his visit had individual persons cannot be official docu- representatives in the commission of observ- the goal of a simple meeting and his opinion ments. They can be used as reference mate- ers, and they, of course, will agree with this. is not the opinion of the Central Committee rials.

With greetings. FILIPPOV (Stalin).” of the Labor party and the Korean govern

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