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signed between China and each of the imperialist countries in the past. (b) To publish through the news agencies of the two countries a brief communique stating that the authorities of the two countries have exchanged opinions on the old Sino-Soviet treaty and other issues, and have achieved a consensus, without mentioning any of the details. In fact, by doing so we mean to put off the solution of the problem to the future, until a few years later. Accordingly, China's foreign minister Zhou Enlai does not need to come here. (c) To sign a statement, not a treaty, that will summarize the key points in the two countries' relations. If this is the option, Zhou Enlai will not have to come either. After I have analyzed in detail the advantages and disadvantages of these three options, Comrade Molotov said promptly that option (a) was good and that Zhou should come. I then asked: “Do you mean that the old treaty will be replaced by a new one?” Comrade Molotov replied: “Yes.” After that we calculated how long it would take for Zhou to come here and to sign the treaty. I said that my telegram would reach Beijing on 3 January, and that [Zhou] Enlai would need five days for preparations and could depart from Beijing on 9 January. It would take him eleven days by train (to travel to Moscow), so he could arrive in Moscow on 19 January. The negotiation and the signing of the treaty would need about ten days, from 20 January to the end of the month. Zhou and I would return home in early February. Meanwhile we also discussed the plans for my sightseeing outside (my quarters and Moscow), and we decided that I would visit Lenin's tomb, travel to Leningrad, Gorky, and other places, and make tours of such places as an ordnance factory, the subway (Molotov and Mikoyan recommended these two items) and a collective farm. We also discussed the problem of my meeting with various Soviet leaders (so far I have not left my quarters to pay an individual visit to any of them).

(2) Please finish all the preparations (for Zhou's departure) in five days after you receive this telegram. I hope that [Zhou] Enlai, together with the minister of trade 4 and other necessary aides, and with the necessary documents and materials, will depart from Beijing for Moscow by train (not by air) on 9 January. Comrade Dong Biwu will assume the post of acting premier of the Government Administration Council. The

news should not be publicized until Zhou People's Republic in a more advantageous has arrived in Moscow.

position in the world. It will press the capi(3) Are the above-stated arrangements

talist countries to come to our terms; it will feasible? Will five days be enough for you be favorable for China to be recognized unto finish the preparations? Does (Zhou] need conditionally by various countries, and for one or two more days for preparation? Is it the old treaties to be abolished and new treanecessary for Comrade Li Fuchun or other ties to be signed; and it will deter the capicomrades to come to offer assistance? Please talist countries from taking reckless actions. consider them and report to me in a return telegram.

(Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:213; transla

tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:211-2; transla- eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, and the Cold War in Asia, 132-3.) eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy and the Cold War in Asia, 131-2.)

Document 7: Telegram, Mao Zedong to

CCP CC, 6 a.m., 5 January 1950
Document 6: Telegram, Mao Zedong to
CCP CC, 4 a.m., 3 January 1950

[Your) telegram of 7:30 p.m., 4 Janu

ary has been received. (1) We have already Central Committee:

arranged (with the Soviet leaders) for Zhou My telegram of 11:00 p.m. yesterday to come here with approximately seventeen must have reached you. Comrade [Zhou) aides. He can come. There should be no Enlai's trip to the Soviet Union must be of- problem. We have also informed the authorificially approved at a meeting of the Gov- ties here that the train will leave Beijing on ernment Administration Council. The Coun- the night of 9 January (2). It is better if cil should also be informed that the main Bao Erhan, Deng Liqun and the head of the purposes of Zhou's trip are as follows: to trade department of the Yili (Ili) region could negotiate and sign a new Sino-Soviet Treaty arrive in Moscow on 21 or 22 January, two of Friendship and Alliance (in comparison or three days after (Zhou) Enlai's arrival; to the old treaty, there will be some changes but it is fine if they come on 19 January, the concerning the status of Lushun (Port same day Enlai arrives. Please inform me Arthur) and Dalian, although the details still immediately about your decision (on this have to be negotiated; however, the defense matter). Please also decide and report to me against possible aggression of Japan and its what kind of transportation Bao Erhan and allies and the recognition of Outer Deng Liqun will need for getting here. Do Mongolia's independence will continue to we need to dispatch a plane from here, or is constitute the basic spirit of the new treaty); it possible for the air transportation regiment to negotiate and sign a credit agreement (we now stationed in Xinjiang assign a plane for have proposed the sum of $300 million, them? Please inform me of your

decision which will be provided over a few years; immediately by telegraph. (3) Concerning the reason why we have not requested more the key points of the negotiation and the is that (we believe) it better for us to bor- preparatory work [for the negotiation), all row less than to borrow more at present and the points you have put forward should be for several years); and to negotiate and sign carefully considered, and preparations a civil aviation agreement (it will benefit the should be made accordingly. Since we are development of our own aviation industry) going to engage in negotiations, we should and a trade agreement (by defining the scope present our views extensively, and should of the barter trade with the Soviet Union, make our points clear. After Enlai's deparwe will be in a more favorable position to ture, the Central Committee may continue determine the orientation of our own pro- to study these issues, and inform us of its duction, as well as to conclude trade agree- opinions by telegraph at any time. As far as ments with other countries). In addition, you the materials on trade are concerned, if you should gather all the members of the Gov- are unable to have them ready in five days, ernment Council now in Beijing for a brief- you may continue working on them after ing. At both meetings, you should point out Enlai's departure, and report to us by telethat this move [the signing of an alliance graph at any time. treaty with the Soviet Union] will place the

(Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:215; transla- erating station and draft the necessary mea- Security Council to expel the representative tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, sures for putting an end to the disastrous of the Guomindang group from the Couneds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy condition of the Jilin (Xiao-fengman) hy- cil. In the event that the Guomindang repreand the Cold War in Asia, 133.] dro-electric power station.

sentative remains in the Security Council,

Mao Zedong voiced his gratitude to the the Soviet representative will declare that Document 8: Telegram, Mao Zedong to Soviet Government for rendering the nec- he will not participate in the work done by CCP Central Committee, 5 January essary assistance by answering that the help the aforementioned Council so long as the 1950

rendered by the Soviet Union in this matter Guomindang representative will be partici

is of great significance to China's entire pating in it. Please pay attention to two matters: (1) national economy.

Mao Zedong said that he agrees with When the question of replacing the (old) 2. I informed Mao Zedong that, with this course a hundred percent and thinks that Sino-Soviet treaty with a new treaty has regard to Liu Shaoqi's telegram concerning copies of such a declaration from the been reviewed by the Government Admin- fuel supplies from the Soviet Union for the People's Republic of China to the Security istrative Council and the (Central People's] use of pilot training, (we) intend to answer Council can be directed to the members of Government Council, please urge all the that, according to calculations made by our the Security Council simultaneously. participants to maintain secrecy. (2) Before experts, it has been determined that the need I noted that after coordinating this matZhou (Enlai] departs with his more than ten for fuel for the aforementioned purpose is ter from the Chinese side, I will have to (assistants), or on their way (travelling to determined by the standards of the Soviet present the proposal to the Soviet GovernMoscow), it is necessary for him to assemble Army in the following amounts: 13,400 tons ment for consideration. all those people to declare discipline to them, of high-octane gasoline, 5,270 tons of low- 4. Mao Zedong said that, in regard to telling them that undisciplined words and octane gasoline, 1,315 tons of aviation oil, the message of the Soviet Government to actions are prohibited, and that they must and 26 tons of product P-9.

the People's Government of China concernobey orders on every occasion.

The Soviet Government will give an ing the Japanese military criminals 1971

order to direct the aforementioned amount persons/, he would like to report the follow(Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:217; transla- of fuel to China in the course of the first ing: tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, half of the year, starting with January. As 1. In general, there is no doubt that the eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy far as the methods and conditions of pay- Japanese military criminals must be transand the Cold War in Asia, 134.]

ment by China for the delivered fuel are ferred to China to stand trial.

concerned, they can be determined during 2. However, the Chinese Government Document 9: Conversation between the negotiations concerning the commodity intends to put the Japanese military crimiA. Vyshinsky and Mao Zedong, circulation for the year 1950.

nals on trial at the same time as the Moscow, 6 January 1950

Mao Zedong voiced his agreement Guomindang military criminals. The orga

with the telegram and asked to express grati- nization of such a trial process is planned to FROM THE DIARY OF SECRET tude to the Soviet Government for this as- take place approximately during the first or A.Y. VYSHINSKY

sistance. As far as the amount of fuel goes, second half of 1951. Therefore, it would be

he said that “our people would like to ac- desirable for the Soviet Government to agree MEMORANDUM OF CONVERSATION quire more" and they have to be under strict temporarily to keep the aforementioned

WITH THE CHAIRMAN OF THE control. He is grateful to the Soviet Gov- Japanese military criminals in the Soviet PEOPLE'S CENTRAL GOVERNMENT ernment for reviewing the calculations in Union, roughly until the second half of 1950. OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF this situation, an action with which he com

I noted that, since the Soviet Union is CHINA, MAO ZEDONG

pletely agrees. Mao Zedong added that the bound by corresponding obligations – to 6 January 1950

matter of fuel expenditure has to be dealt repatriate all Japanese military prisoners by

with in a strict manner, because it will be in January of 1950, perhaps it would be more On 6 January of the current year, I vis- the interests of China itself, which must be expedient to agree on formally considering ited Mao Zedong. After a brief exchange of more frugal in using the articles of outside the Japanese military criminals as having greetings and formalities conversation of the assistance. Mao Zedong asked (me) to leave been transferred to China, but in fact to temfollowing content took place. him the text of the telegram.

porarily leave them on the Soviet territory. 1. I informed Mao Zedong that with 3. I asked Mao Zedong whether he Mao said that this is the exact formula regard to the request of the People's Cen- thinks it would be more expedient for the he considers to be the most expedient. tral Government of the People's Republic People's Republic of China to address the 5. Mao stated that he is increasingly of China for assistance with the disastrous Security Council of the United Nations with coming to the conclusion that the People's condition of the Jilin (Xiaofengman) hydro- a declaration that the remaining of the Republic of China and the Soviet Union electric power station, the Soviet govern- Guomindang representative in the Security need to draft a new treaty of friendship and ment has made a decision-to send, within Council is unlawful and that he must be ex- alliance between the two nations. The drafta period of five days, four Soviet experts to

pelled fro the Council. As itself, the ing of a new treaty between us, he said, China for a month, who must write a report Soviet Union intends to support this kind of stems from the completely new relations, on the condition of the hydro-electric gen- declaration and, in its turn, to demand the which have evolved between the People's

a

Republic of China and the Soviet Union following the victory of the People's Revolution. A review of the existing treaty is especially necessary, since two important components of the treaty, Japan and the Guomindang, have suffered major changes: Japan has ceased to exist as an armed force and the Guomindang has been broken up. Besides, as is well known, a certain group of the Chinese people is expressing dissatisfaction with the existing treaty between China and the Soviet Union. Thus, the drafting of a new treaty of friendship and alliance between China and the USSR would be in the best interests of both sides.

While answering Mao Zedong, I said that the question of a new treaty, in my eyes, seems to be a complicated matter, since the signing of a new treaty or reviewing of the existing treaty and introduction of any kind of corrections may be used as an excuse by the Americans and the English for reviewing and altering parts of the treaty, changing which may cause damage to Soviet and Chinese interests. This is not desirable and must not be allowed to occur.

Mao noted that, without a doubt, this circumstance must be taken into consideration when creating a formula for solving the given problem.

Persons present during the conversation: comrades Kovalev I.V., Fedorenko N.T., and also Wang Jiaxiang and Shi Zhe/ Karskiyl.

The conversation lasted approximately 45 minutes.

ies and volume of exports to and imports cil and the United Nations' general secrefrom such countries as the Soviet Union, tary, if it was necessary, at the same time, to Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, and send the telegram to the Soviet Union, Great Hungary, as well as Great Britain, France, Britain, the United States, and France as perthe Netherlands, Belgium, India, Burma, manent members of the Security Council. Vietnam, Thailand, Australia, Japan, He said yes. He said that the Soviet Union Canada, and the United States, for the whole would take due action in accordance with of 1950. Otherwise, we may find ourselves China's telegram. He made it clear that he in a disadvantageous position. It is hoped asked my opinion in the capacity of (So

a that, after (Zhou) Enlai's departure from viet] foreign minister, and I made it clear Beijing, (Liu] Shaoqi, Chen Yun, and [Bo] that my agreement was official. After receivYibo will pay attention to this matter. ing this telegram, please move forward im

mediately, so that the telegram with this (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:218; transla- statement could be sent out before [Zhou] tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, Enlai's departure (for Moscow) on 9 Janueds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy ary. In addition to sending the telegram to and the Cold War in Asia, 134.]

the United Nations' secretary general and

the Security Council, the foreign ministries Document 11: Telegram, Mao Zedong of the Soviet Union, Great Britain, the to Zhou Enlai and CCP CC, 6 a.m., United States, and France should also be 7 January 1950

notified by telegram, with the text of the

telegram to the United Nations attached. [Zhou] Enlai and the Central Commit- Please let me know of the arrangement on tee:

this matter, as well as if you would be able At 1:00 a.m. today (the 7th), Vyshinskii to send out the telegram on 9 January. came to my quarters to talk about three matters: (1) (The Soviet Union) is in a position (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:219-20; transto satisfy our request of purchasing airplane lation from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, fuel. (2) (The Soviet Union] is in a position eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy to satisfy our request of offering assistance and the Cold War in Asia, 134-5.] in repairing the dam of the Xiaofengman waterpower station. A letter with formal re- Document 12: Telegram, Mao Zedong sponse to these two issues will be passed to to Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai, 12 p.m., me tomorrow (the 8th). (3) (He) proposed

7 January 1950 that our foreign ministry should issue a statement to the United Nations Security Coun- (Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai: cil, denying that Jiang Tingfu, the represen- Here is a draft of the statements that tative of the former Guomindang govern- Zhou is to telegraph to the president of the ment, had the legitimate right to hold United Nations General Assembly, the China's seat at the Security Council. United Nations secretary general, and the Vyshinskii made it clear that if China issued governments of the ten member states of the such a statement, the Soviet Union was United Nations Security Council (do not ready to do one thing: if Jiang Tingfu re- send it to Yugoslavia). Please dispatch the mained at the Security Council as China's telegram per this draft. representative (and it was said that he would even become the president of the Security (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:221; translaCouncil this year), the Soviet Union would tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, refuse to attend the Security Council's meet- eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy ings. Vyshinskii asked my opinion. I imme- and the Cold War in Asia, 135.) diately stated that China's foreign ministry could issue a statement like this. I also said Document 13: Telegram, Mao Zedong that my telegram would reach Beijing on 7 to CCP CC and CCP Northwest January, and that a statement signed by Bureau, 10 January 1950 (Excerpt) China's foreign minister Zhou Enlai could be issued on 8 January or 9 January. I asked The Central Committee, and pass on him that, in addition to sending the state- to Liu [Bocheng), Deng Xiaoping), He ment to the United Nations Security Coun- [Long) and the Northwest Bureau:

A. Vyshinsky

(Source: AVP RF, f. 0100, op. 43, d. 43, papka 302, 11. 1-5; provided by 0.A. Westad; translation for CWIHP by Daniel Rozas.)

Document 10: Telegram, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai and CCP CC, 6 a.m.,

7 January 1950

(Zhou) Enlai and the Central Committee:

We have received the two telegrams on the management of the question of establishing diplomatic relations with Great Britain and India and the telegram on exportimport trade, dated 8:00, 5 January. In regard with the question of export-import trade, you must pay special attention to making an overall plan on the total variet

takes. 9

(1) I fully agree to the plan to dispatch ters and talked with me this evening. He protroops into Xizang (Tibet contained in Liu

posed that our government should send a (Bocheng]'s and Deng (Xiaoping]'s tele- telegram to the United Nations, addressing (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:237; translagram of 7 January. Now Britain, India, and 6

the question of sending our representative tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, Pakistan have all recognized us, which is to the United Nations to replace the eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy favorable to (our) dispatching troops into Guomindang's representative, since a very and the Cold War in Asia, 137.) Xizang.

serious struggle is now under way in the (2) According to Comrade Peng Security Council over the legitimacy of the Document 17: Conversation, V.M. Dehuai, the four months needed for dis- GMD's representative. While the Soviet Molotov and A.Y Vyshinsky with Mao patching troops (to Xizang) will start in mid- Union supports our government's statement Zedong, Moscow, 17 January 1950 May (in the previous telegram I mistakenly about expelling the GMD's representative, wrote “three months”).7

the United States, Great Britain, and the

majority of the member states oppose the FROM THE DIARY OF TOP SECRET (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:226-7; transla- expulsion. Therefore, it is necessary for V.M. MOLOTOV tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, China to make a further statement. The teleeds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy gram can be sent out a week from now. I MEMORANDUM OF CONVERSATION and the Cold War in Asia, 136.)

have agreed to his proposal. The Central OF V.M. MOLOTOV AND A.Y.

Committee may need to consider a nomi- VYSHINSKY WITH THE CHAIRMAN Document 14: Telegram, Mao Zedong nee for our head representative and report OF THE PEOPLE'S CENTRAL to Liu Shaoqi, 13 January 1950 to me by telegraph, and the final decision GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S

will be made after (Zhou] Enlai gets here. REPUBLIC OF CHINA, MAO Comrade (Liu) Shaoqi:

(5) I will leave for Leningrad tomorrow (the ZEDONG, 17 JANUARY 1950 (1) I will depart for Leningrad today 14th), at 10:00 p.m., not today. I will stay in (the 13th) in the evening and will be back Leningrad for one day, the 15th, and will After an exchange of greetings and a to Moscow in two days. (2) I have arranged return on the 16th. [Wang] Jiaxiang, (Chen) brief dialogue on general topics, a converfor Liu Yalou, Soviet advisor Kotov and two Boda, Shi Zhe, Wang Dongxing will accom- sation ofthe following content took place. other men to come here. Please inform Nie pany me. Ye Zilong and the technical staff

1. I told Mao Zedong, that on 12 JanuRongzhen of this matter. (3) Xiao Jinguang will stay to work in my quarters here. The ary (1950] the USA Secretary of State can now be appointed as commander of the Central Committee may send its telegrams Acheson gave a speech at the National Press navy; please also inform Nie Rongzhen to me as usual.

Club, which touched on certain international about this appointment.

matters, in particular, matters concerning (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:235-6; transla- China, USSR and their mutual relations. (Source: JGYLMZDWG, 1:234; transla- tion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, Acheson's statements concerning these mattion from Shuguang Zhang and Jian Chen, eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy ters are a clear slander against the Soviet eds., Chinese Communist Foreign Policy and the Cold War in Asia, 136-7.)

Union and were designed to deceive directly and the Cold War in Asia, 136.)

public opinion. The United States went Document 16: Telegram, Mao Zedong bankrupt with its policy in China, and now Document 15: Telegram, Mao Zedong to Hu Qiaomu, 14 January 1950 Acheson is trying to justify himself, withto Liu Shaoqi, 13 January 1950

out shying away from deceitful means in the Comrade (Hu) Qiaomu:

process. An example of the extent of (1) I agree with your telegram dated I shall leave for Leningrad today at Acheson's fabrications can be seen in the 13 January about implementing the order to 9:00 p.m. and will not be back for three days. following segment of his speech: requisition foreign military barracks and I have not yet received the draft of the “The following is taking place in preparing to force the United States to Renmin ribao ("People's Daily”) editorial China: the Soviet Union, armed with evacuate all the former U.S. consulates from and the resolution of the Japanese Commu- these new means, is partitioning northChina.8 (2) I agree that the Shanghai Mili- nist Party's Politburo. If you prefer to let ern regions of China from China and tary Control Commission should confiscate me read them, I will not be able to give you incorporating them into the Soviet or requisition immediately all the property my response until the 17th. You may prefer Union. This process has been comleft by the U.S. Economic Cooperation Ad- to publish the editorial after Comrade (Liu] pleted in Outer Mongolia. It has been ministration there. (3) As far as the problem Shaoqi has read them. Out Party should ex- almost completed in Manchuria, and I of taking over the property left by the pup- press its opinion by supporting the am sure that Soviet agents are sending pet regime in Hong Kong is concerned, Cominform bulletin's criticism of Nosaka very favorable reports from Inner please make a decision after the Foreign and addressing our disappointment over the Mongolia and Sinkiang (Xinjiang). Ministry and the Central Finance and Eco- Japanese Communist Party Politburo's fail- This is what is happening. This is a nomics Commission have provided their ure to accept the criticism. It is hoped that partition of entire regions, vast regions, suggestions. I have no specific opinion on the Japanese Communist Party will take ap- inhabited by Chinese, a partition of this matter. (4) Vyshinskii came to my quar- propriate steps to correct Nosaka's mis- these regions from China, and their in

corporation into the Soviet Union.

doubts. At the same time, however, he in- to do so this very evening and immediately I want to announce this, and maybe quired if it would not be better for Xinhua made arrangements with comrade I will sin against my doctrine of repu- (Chinese News Agency) to make this kind Vyshinsky. diating dogmatism. But, in any case, I of declaration.

Afterwards Mao Zedong said that durwant to say that the fact that the Soviet

I answered that since the matter con- ing the past few days the Americans have Union is taking over four northern re- cerns a speech by the Minister of Foreign mobilized the activities of their (diplomatic, gions of China, is the most important Affairs of the USA on an important matter, intelligence and information) networks and and the most significant factor in any the declaration should not be made by the are testing the ground for negotiations with great power's relations with Asia.

telegraph agency, but rather by the Minis- the People's Government of China. Thus, a What does this signify to us? This try of Foreign Affairs of the People's Re- few days ago, the head of the American telesignifies something very, very impor- public of China.

graph agency in Paris addressed Mao tant."

Mao Zedong said that he shares the Zedong with a question on how he would I advised Mao Zedong to familiarize same opinion and, after familiarizing him- react to the famous American expert on farhimself with Acheson's entire speech and self with Acheson's speech, tomorrow he eastern affairs (State Department official left him a full text of this speech (as reported will prepare the text for the declaration [to Philip C.) Jessup's trip to Beijing for negoby TASS).

be made by] the Ministry of Foreign Af- tiations. Almost simultaneously, information Mao Zedong said that until now, as is fairs of the People's Republic of China, sub- was received from Shanghai stating that known, these kinds of fabrications were the mit it to us for suggestions and corrections, steps are being taken by the American conjob of all kinds of scoundrels, represented and then telegraph it to Beijing, so that the sulate in Shanghai, through representatives by American journalists and correspondents. Deputy Secretary of Foreign Affairs, pres- of the Chinese national bourgeoisie, to obAnd now this dirty work has been taken up ently performing the duties of the Secretary tain agreement from the People's Governby the Secretary of State of the USA. As of Foreign Affairs, can publish this declara- ment of China to send their representative they say, the Americans are making tion. At the same time Mao Zedong pointed to Hong Kong for negotiations with Jessup. progress!

out that in this declaration he will expose However, we are paying no attention to this I responded that, with regard to Acheson's slanderous fabrications against American ground testing, said Mao Zedong. Acheson's speech, we think the Soviet the Soviet Union.

Furthermore, Mao Zedong said that, as Union and the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong asked what, in our opin- he already informed comrade Vyshinsky should respond accordingly. At the same ion, is the actual purpose of Acheson's slan- earlier, the People's Government of China time, I pointed out that according to a TASS derous declaration and could it, this decla- is taking certain measures toward forcing announcement from Washington, on 14 ration, be a kind of smokescreen, using the American consular representatives out uary, the former consul general in Mukden, which, the American imperialists will at- of China. We need to win time, emphasized (Angus) Ward, while responding to ques- tempt to occupy the island of Formosa? Mao Zedong, to put the country in order, tions from the press, stated the very oppo

I said that, after going bankrupt with which is why we are trying to postpone the site of what Acheson said in his speech on their policy in China, the Americans are try- hour of recognition by the USA. The later 12 January. In addition, I quoted the appro- ing, with the help of slander and deception, the Americans receive legal rights in China, priate portion of Ward's declaration, which to create misunderstandings in the relations the better it is for the People's Republic of stated that he did not see any signs which between the Soviet Union and the People's China. On 14 January of this year, the local would point to the Soviet Union's control Republic of China. I also said it is impos- government in Beijing informed the former over the administration of Manchuria or its sible to disagree that they are using the dis- American consul of their intention to approattempt to incorporate Manchuria into the semination of slander as a kind of a priate for their own use the barracks forUSSR, even though the Soviet Union is ex- smokescreen, in order to carry out their plans merly used by foreign armies, rights for ercising its treaty rights concerning the joint of occupation. In addition, I noted that, in which were acquired by foreigners through administration of KChZhD (Chinese our opinion, the declaration of the People's inequitable treaties. Occupation of the aforeChangchun Railroad).

Government of China regarding Acheson's mentioned buildings essentially means that I said that we intend to react to speech could point out that the fabrications the American consul will be deprived of the Acheson's aforementioned speech with a of the USA Secretary of State are an insult house he is inhabiting and will force him to declaration from the Ministry of Foreign to China, that the Chinese people did not leave Beijing. In response, the American Affairs of the USSR. However, we would lead a struggle, so that someone else could consul in Beijing started threatening the prefer for the Chinese government to be the rule or establish control over one or another Chinese government that USA, as a sign of first to make a statement on this matter, and part of China, and that the Chinese people protest, will be forced to recall all of their afterwards, following the publication in our reject Acheson's declaration.

consular representatives from Beijing, press of the declaration of the People's Gov- Mao Zedong said that he agrees with Tientsin, Shanghai, and Nanking. This way, ernment of China and Ward's statement, the this and will immediately start drafting the said Mao Zedong in a half-joking manner, USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs would declaration. At the same time he asked for the Americans are threatening us with exmake an appropriate statement.

the text of Acheson's speech and Ward's actly that which we are trying to accomplish. Mao Zedong said that he agrees with declaration to the press to be transferred to I noted that this policy of the Central this, and there is no place here for any Beijing for the Xinhua agency. I promised People's Government of China is designed,

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