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corresponding assurances on that score. The I should be glad, Kennedy stressed, to Along with these missiles, the Soviets build-up of the Cuban military might has give assurances that an invasion would not are apparently supplying the extensive rabadly impressed the American people and be repeated neither on the part of Cuban dar and other electronic equipment which the USA congress. As President I was try- refugees, nor on the part of the USA armed is required for their operation. ing to calm public opinion and I have de- forces.

We can also confirm the presence of clared that, taking into account the kind of But the issue is, Kennedy said, that as several Soviet-made motor torpedo boats aid rendered by the Soviet Union to Cuba, a result of the USSR government's action carrying ship-to-ship missiles having a range we must keep cool and self-controlled. But in July of the current year the situation sud- of 15 miles. I was not able to find a satisfactory expla- denly has changed for the worse.

The number of Soviet military technination for those actions of the Soviet Union. Proceeding with the previous idea, I cians now known to be in Cuba or en route

Kennedy said later, that the Soviet said that for the Cuban government the vi- approximately 3,500—is consistent with Union is aware of the American opinion re- tal issue is the question what is to be done assistance in setting up and learning to use garding the present regime in Cuba. We next. The question comes to the following: this equipment. consider that it would be better if there were either they will stay unprepared to repulse As I stated last week, we shall continue another government. But we do not have new attempts at invasion or they must un- to make information available as fast as it is any intentions to attack Cuba.

dertake steps to ensure their country from obtained and properly verified. You are saying that we have established attack, take care of their defense. We have There is no evidence of any organized a blockade around Cuba, but that is not the already said that the Soviet government has combat force in Cuba from any Soviet bloc case. We have only taken the decision that responded to the call of Cuba for help only country; of military base provided to Rusthe ships, after bringing cargo to Cuba, will because that appeal had the aim of provid- sia; of a violation of the 1934 treaty relating be barred entry to the American ports to pick ing Cubans with bread and removing the to Guantanamo; of the presence of offenup freight.

threat hanging over Cuba by strengthening sive ground-to-ground missiles; or of other The actions of the Soviet Union create its defensive capacity. Regarding help, ren- significant offensive capability either in a very complicated situation and I don't dered by the Soviet Union, in the use of Cuban hands or under Soviet direction and know where the whole thing can bring us. some exclusively defensive armaments, by guidance. The present situation is, perhaps, the most no means can it be seen as a threat to the Were it to be otherwise, the gravest isdangerous since the end of the Second World USA. If, I repeat, the situation were differ- sues would arise.” War. We, certainly, take on trust statements ent the Soviet government never would have That is our position on this issue, said of the Soviet Union about the sort of arma- gone along with such an aid.

Kennedy, and in this way it has been exments supplied by you to Cuba. As Presi- Kennedy said

to make things com- pounded by our Attorney General, Robert dent I am trying to restrain those people in pletely clear on this issue, he would like to Kennedy, in his conversation with the Sothe USA who are favoring an invasion of announce once more that the USA do not viet Ambassador." From that position I was Cuba. For example, last Sunday in one of have any intentions to invade Cuba. Nev- proceeding last Sunday when I was voicing my speeches I declared against one of the ertheless, intensified armaments supplies to the aforementioned statement. Thus, in all American senators, who had previously sup- Cuba on the part of the Soviet Union, which my actions I proceed with due regard for

3 ported such an invasion."

began in July of the current year, have com- statements of the Soviet Union that the arI repeat, a very dangerous situation has plicated the situation greatly and made it maments supplied to Cuba have an exclunevertheless arisen regarding this issue and more dangerous.

sively defensive character. I don't know what can be the outcome.

My intention, Kennedy stressed, con- I [Gromyko] said in conclusion that I answered Kennedy that once there sists in preventing any actions that could from the corresponding statements of the was an attempt to organize an invasion of lead to war, so long as those actions would Soviet government, including the statement Cuba and it is known what was the end of not be occasioned by some activty of the delivered to the President today, the USA the affair.4 From different official statements Soviet Union or Cuba. In order to confirm administration has a clear view of policy of and your own statements, Mr. President, that the USA administration believes the the Soviet Union on the Cuban issue and everybody know what were the circum- declarations of the Soviet government about also of our assessment of the USA policy stances and how that invasion was arranged. the defensive character of the armaments and actions regarding Cuba. I had the task Everybody knows also that the USA admin- supplied to Cuba, Kennedy read the follow- of giving the President an account of all of istration needs only to move a finger and no ing passage from his statement on the Cu- it. Cuban exiles, nor those who support them ban issue of 4 September 1962:

[section deleted_trans.] in the USA and some countries of the Car- “Information has reached this Govern- Fourth. After the exchange of opinibbean, would dare launch any adventure ment in the last four days from a variety of ions on the issue of the (atomic] tests I against Cuba.

sources which established without a doubt broached the subject of the main principles At this moment Kennedy put in a re- that the Soviets have provided the Cuban of foreign policy of the USSR and the nemark that he had already had an exchange Government with a number of anti-aircraft cessity to proceed from the thesis that difof opinions with N.S. Khrushchev on the defense missiles with a slant range of ference of ideologies need not be an obstacle issue of the invasion of Cuba in 1961 and twenty-five miles similar to early models of to peaceful cooperation between the USSR had said that it was a mistake. our "Nike" (missile).

and the USA. According to the instructions, of differences in the relations among all countries, above all in relations between the USSR and the USA, with whom the Soviet Union wants to live in peace and friendship.

[This policy] also applies to the Cuban issue, which was not invented by the Soviet Union, it applies to the question of signing the German peace treaty and normalization on its basis of the situation in West Berlin and it applies to all the other issues that separate our two countries. Our policy is the policy of peace, friendship, the policy of removing differences by peaceful

means.

In conclusion I promised to convey the regards from the President to the Head of the Soviet government N.S. Khrushchev and expressed confidence that he would accept it with pleasure.

The conversation lasted 2 hours and 20 minutes. There were present: on the American side - Rusk, Thompson, Hillenbrandt and Akalovsky, on the Soviet side Semenov, Dobrynin, and Sukhodrev.

A. GROMYKO

20/10/1962

received before departure, the question of a the signing of the German peace treaty,” possible meeting of the heads of the two because there are others who are also interpowers has been touched upon.

ested in discussing those questions besides The Soviet government, as before, is our two countries. If Mr. Khrushchev comes building its foreign policy on the recogni- to the General Assembly I would be glad to tion of that indisputable concept that differ- discuss with him questions that we are inence in ideologies, to which our states ad- terested in without any formal agenda and here, need not be a barrier to their peaceful without picking out any concrete issue that coexistence and cooperation in the interests must be discussed. of strengthening the peace. You and we, as I thanked the President for the converit was underlined more than once by N.S. sation during which we have discussed quesKhrushchev, are human beings and you have tions that represent interests for both counyour own ideology, and you are well aware tries, concerning important aspects of the of our attitude towards it. The USSR is a foreign policies of the USSR and the USA. socialist state, and is building communism. I also underlined the view of the Soviet govWe are guided by communist ideology. Who ernment that it would be a great historic will gain the victory in the end—this ques- achievement if the USSR and the USA come tion must be solved not by the force of ar- to terms over those questions that divide us. maments, but by the way of peaceful com- Kennedy responded that he agrees with petition and we, the communists, have urged that remark. As I have already told Mr. this since the days of Lenin.

Khrushchev, the USA is a large and rich We resolutely condemn the calls to country. The Soviet Union is also a large solve ideological disputes by the force of and rich country. Each of our countries has armaments. A competition in economics, a lot of things to do inside our countries. As in satisfying the material and spiritual re- to the outcome of the competition between quirements of the peope—that is the field the, which I hope will be a peaceful one, where in a historic, peaceful “battle,” with- history will decide it. On Mr. Khrushchev, out use of armaments, must be solved the as the head of the Soviet government, and question of which ideology would prevail on me, as the USA President, rests enormous and which one would quit the stage of his- responsibility and we have no right to altory. On behalf of the Soviet government I low any actions that can lead to a collision. would like to reaffirm that (position) once During the last 9 months while I am more because it is one of the main principles holding the post of President we were seekof the foreign policy of the Soviet Union. ing by all means to settle relations between

In conclusion I would like to say the our two countries. We have reached some following:

success on the Laotian issue. We were asThe Head of the Soviet government piring to reach agreements both on Berlin N.S. Khrushchev has entrusted me to con- and German problems. Unfortunately we vey to you that his opinion is that it would didn't manage to do it. apparently be useful to have a meeting be- As to Cuba I cannot understand what tween the Head of the Soviet government has happened in July of this year, particuand the USA President in order to discuss larly taking into account statements made the issues that separate us and first of all the by Mr. Khrushchev that he understands the questions of the German peace treaty and basis of the USA approach. In spite of sucWest Berlin.

cess achieved on the Laotian question, the If N.S. Khrushchev has the opportu- situation around the Cuban issue is becomnity, he will arrive in New York in the sec- ing more and more complicated. ond half of November in order to attend the In conclusion Kennedy transmitted his session of the UN General Assembly. Thus, regards to N.S. Khrushchev and expressed we are speaking about a possibility of his gratitude for receiving the USA Ambassaarrival in the USA after the elections to Con- dor in Moscow Mr. (Foy) Kohler and sevgress. Kennedy said that in the case of N.S. eral American representatives who had visKhrushchev coming to the USA he would ited the Soviet Union. be glad to meet him once more. Neverthe- For my part I assured the President less, he said, it would be erroneous to speak

the policy of the Soviet about the only point of the agenda of this Union always has been and remains directed meeting - to discuss “the Berlin problem and at strengthening peace and the elimination

(Source: AVP RF; copy obtained by NHK, provided to CWIHP, and on file at National Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; translation by Vladimir Zaemsky.)

II. THE CRISIS: 22-28 OCTOBER 1962

Telegram from Soviet representative to the United Nations V. A. Zorin to USSR

Foreign Ministry, 22 October 1962

22 October 1962

On the evening of 22 October, during Kennedy's speech, the United States sent me, as chair of the Security Council, a letter demanding an urgent convocation of the Security Council for a discussion of the “serious threat to the security of the Western hemisphere, and to peace throughout the whole world, posed by continuing and growing foreign intervention in the Caribbean basin.” In oral communication, the Americans called for a convocation of the Security Council on 23 October at 10:30 a.m. Eastern Standard Time.

(U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Adlai] Stevenson's letter reiterated the points made by Kennedy in his radio and television speech. Appended to the letter was the draft of a resolution which in its main strategic part runs as follows:

once more

“The Security Council...

1. Demands, as a temporary measure, in accordance with Article 40 of the Charter, the immediate dismantling and removal from Cuba of all ballistic missiles and other armaments used for offensive purposes.

2. Authorizes and requests the acting secretary general to dispatch to Cuba a corps of UN observers to ensure fulfillment of this resolution and to deliver a report.

3. Demands the cessation of quarantine measures directed against military deliveries to Cuba after the UN has been assured of the fulfillment of Point 1.

4. Strongly recommends that the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics immediately discuss the issue of measures to be taken to eliminate the currently existing threat to the security of the Western hemisphere and to peace throughout the world, and to deliver a report on this to the Security Council.”

We will forward the text of Stevenson's letter and the draft of the resolution to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by teletype.

The United States' formulation of the imaginary threat posed by Cuba and the USSR is clearly aimed at concealing and justifying to public opinion the USA's unilaterally imposed military blockade of Cuba, which is an overtly aggressive act. In light of this, the demand for convening the Security Council is put forth after the USA has in fact established a blockade and undertaken a series of other aggressive actions against revolutionary Cuba. Thus the Americans have presented the Security Council, as they have done in the past, with a fait accompli.

Before consulting with the other members of the Security Council on the time for convening the meeting of the Council, we met with the Cuban representative and had a preliminary discussion of the possibility of Cuba's submitting to Council an examination of the issue of the USA's aggressive actions against Cuba.

The Cuban representative is conferring with his government on this issue.

We will undertake measures toward initiating the meeting of the Council no earlier than 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on 23 October, although pressure from the Western majority of Council members for

its immediate convocation has already been The Cuban leaders are awaiting the exerted.

Soviet government's reaction to Kennedy's We will provide supplementary infor- announcement, and are placing their hopes mation on our position in the Security Coun- on the wisdom of our decisions. cil.

Castro said that the USSR, which is 22.X.62 V. ZORIN surrounded by American bases, has strong

arguments to marshal in response to (Source: AVP RF; copy obtained by NHK, Kennedy, and may enter negotiations with provided to CWIHP, and on file at National him. With regard to the UN observers who Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; trans- are now being sent to Cuba by the USA, we lation by John Henriksen.)

as a sovereign nation will never admit them

onto our soil.
Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to A complete calm and certainty domi-
Cuba A.I. Alekseev to USSR Foreign nate Cuba's leading officials and army com-
Ministry, 23 October 1962 manders, just as they do the popular masses.

To avoid provocations, the troops have 23 October been given orders to open fire on enemy air

planes and ships only in cases when the enRaul Castro has announced that in re- emy has initiated attack first. sponse to Kennedy's threat, the Cuban gov- According to Castro, the Americans ernment would make a decision regarding have denied Cuban workers access to the mobilization of all subdivisions of the Guantanamo base. popular militia.

All American civilian planes have been All in all, 350,000 persons will be prohibited from flying over Cuba and from mobilized.

approaching its shores. The full mobilization of this group will A radio interception has also been retake 72 hours.

ceived which prohibits American ships from
The forces of the military units in this conducting negotiations with the bases on
group (105,000 persons) have been brought open channels.
to military readiness, and are occupying All new facts will be immediately com-
departure positions.

municated.
The mass labor organizations are de-
voting all their energy to helping the army

23.X.62 ALEKSEEV and to replacing workers in businesses.

The mobilization will prove to be a new (Source: AVP RF; copy obtained by NHK, and heavy burden for the Cuban economy, provided to CWIHP, and on file at National given that the maintenance of the army will Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; transcost the country up to one million pesos per lation by John Henriksen.) day, not counting losses from reductions in production connected with the transfer of Telegram from Soviet delegate to the significant numbers of workers to the army. United Nations V. A. Zorin to USSR

Tomorrow at 12:00 noon, Fidel Castro Foreign Ministry, 23 October 1962 will deliver a television and radio address to the Cuban people.

23 October 1962 Commenting on Kennedy's speech, Raul Castro said that it was undoubtedly As chairman of the Security Council, I aimed at American voters and at the Latin have been sent a letter by the Cuban delAmerican governments that still have dip- egate to the UN, [Mario Garcia-) lomatic ties with Cuba.

Inchaustegi, in agreement with his governCastro thinks that, under this pressure, ment, demanding an urgent convocation of a whole series of these governments, if not the Council to discuss the USA's aggressive all of them, will break off relations with actions and its blockade of Cuba as acts of Cuba.

The Cuban government, said Castro, According to Inchaustegi, the Cuban is firmly and resolutely behind the nation's minister of foreign affairs, [Raul] Roa, may military spirit and the unity of its people in arrive in New York to take part in the its resistance to the aggressor.

Council's examination of this issue. In con

war.

nection with this we are taking steps to make

The next speaker was the Cuban delthe convocation of the Council contingent Telegram from Soviet delegate to the egate Garcia-Inchaustegi, who delivered a on Roa's arrival. Nevertheless it can be ex- United Nations V. A. Zorin to USSR clear speech exposing the provocative acpected that the Council meeting will have Foreign Ministry, 23 October 1962 tions of the USA against Cuba, and declarto be convened (given the demands of the

ing the the steadfast determination of the Western majority of the Council's members)

23 October 1962 Cuban people to take up arms, if necessary, on 23 October of this year at 3:00 p.m. East

to defend their revoluionary achievements. ern Standard Time.

On 23 October at 4:00 p.m., under the The Cuban delegate demanded the immeDuring the examination of the issue in chairmanship of the USSR delegate, a meet- diate revocation of the measures announced the Council, we will declare our objections ing of the Security Council took place, on by Kennedy. Characteristically, the Cuban's to the misleading American formulation of the agenda of which was our issue of the speech was greeted with friendly applause it. Bearing in mind the Cubans' demand for violation of the UN Charter and the threat from the audience. entering on the agenda the issue of USA to peace on the part of the USA.

We will teletype the full text of the aggressions that they introduced, it can be Attention paid to this meeting was Cuban's speech as well. expected that the affair will come down to enormous: the assembly hall was filled to After that we gave a speech with a decentering American as well as Cuban state- capacity, and virtually all the representatives laration in accordance with your number ments on the Council's agenda.

of the Anglo-American bloc of the UN were 1197, and introduced a draft resolution. An In examining the affair in its essence, present.

account of the spech was transmitted by guided by the Soviet government's most On approving the agenda we made a TASS. We are teletyping the full text to the recent announcements on the Cuban ques- declaration in which made note of the false Ministry of Foreign Affairs. tion, we will point out that the USA's ag- nature of the USA's address to the Security The next meeting has been set for togressions against Cuba cannot be evaluated Council, which was a clumsy attempt to morrow, 24 October, at 9:00 a.m. Eastern as anything other than a provocation push- conceal the USA's aggressions. We declared Standard Time. ing the world to the verge of nuclear war. that, in reality, there were some pressing is- In the course of the day we have had We will demand a condemnation of the USA sues to be brought before the Council by conversations with a series of delegates from aggressions, the immediate cessation of the the USSR and Cuba: concerning violations African and Asian countries, including delblockade they have declared and all infrac- of the UN Charter and the USA's threat to egates from the United Arab Republic, tions of maritime freedom; and an immedi- peace, and concerning USA aggressions Ghana, Ceylon, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, ate end to all forms of intervention in the against Cuba.

and others. All of these countries share a domestic affairs of the Republic of Cuba. After that the agenda was approved serious anxiety about the situation created

We will also propose that the USA gov- without objections from the Council mem- by the USA's actions. All of them recognize ernment immediately enter into direct ne- bers.

the clear illegality of the USA's actions. gotiations with the Cuban government on The text of the Soviet government's They do not yet, however, show sufficient the settling of its conflicts with Cuba though declaration on Cuba was distributed as an determination to take any concrete steps. peaceful means, as suggested by Dorticos official UN document, and also as a press Thus, for example, the delegate from the in his speech in the UN General Assembly. release.

United Arab Republic initially made much In coordination with the Cuban delegation, The first to speak was Stevenson (reg- of the unofficial Council draft resolution we will introduce a draft resolution that in- istered on the list of speakers yesterday, at calling for the respective parties to remove cludes the above-mentioned points.

the time of Kennedy's radio speech). In his the blockade and to end arms stockpiling in We will of course vote against the long speech, which was marked by dema- Cuba. When we categorically rejected this American draft resolution.

goguery and hypocrisy, Stevenson tried in proposal because it essentially replicated We will take action as indicated above, various ways to justify the unprecedented one of the USA's basic ideas-revoking the unless we receive other instructions before actions of the USA government, the naval blockade after the cessation of arms delivthe meeting of the Council begins. blockade of Cuba imposed by the United eries to the Cubans—the neutral parties pre

It is not impossible that, when both States, and the acts of piracy on the open pared another draft resolution. draft resolutions are vetoed, the USA will sea. Unable to adduce any facts with which This draft makes the following stiputhen propose that the Council vote on trans- to prove the presence of a Cuban threat, lations: ferring the issue to the General Assembly. Stevenson instead fell into a lengthy descrip- 1. To call upon all interested parties to

tion of the post-war history of international abstain from any actions which could di23.X.62 V. ZORIN relations, attempting to depict in a distorted rectly or indirectly aggravate the situation, Source: Archive of Foreign Policy, Russian manner the foreign policy of the Soviet and to work towards returning the CaribFederation (AVP RF), Moscow; copy ob- Union and the other socialist states. In con- bean area to the condition it was in before tained by NHK (Japanese Television), pro- clusion he formally presented the American 22 October; vided to CWIHP, and on file at National draft resolution (relayed to the Ministry of 2. To request that the acting Secretary Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; trans- Foreign Affairs by teletype on 22 October). General immediately discuss with the interlation by John Henriksen, Harvard Univer- We will teletype the full text of Stevenson's ested parties direct measures to be taken for sity)

speech to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. removing the current threat to the general

peace.

tions of the Soviet Union's alleged installa- UN Charter and by the Bandung and 3. To call upon the interested parties tion in Cuba of offensive nuclear missile Belgrade conferences of nonaligned nations to carry out this resolution immediately, and weaponry, the accusations by means of (we are teletyping the full texts of these to cooperate with the acting Secretary Gen- which the USA is trying to justify its ag- speeches). Proceeding from these principles, eral in the fulfillment of this aim.

gressions against Cuba (we are teletyping the delegates from the United Arab Repub4. To ask the acting Secretary General the full text of the speech). Dean asserted lic and Ghana defended the right of Cuba to to report to the Security Council on the ful- that the only way to restore peace and trust choose its own political regime, and to carry fillment of the second point.

is to remove from Cuban territory the “of- out the necessary defense measures for safeWe remarked that even this draft is not fensive missiles.” It is revealing that Dean guarding its political freedom and territofully satisfactory, in part because it does not tried as hard as he could to get around the rial integrity. even indicate (in clear and unambiguous question of the naval blockade imposed by In the speeches of both delegates, doubt terms) that the USA's declared blockade of the USA on Cuba.

was expressed about the reliability and wellCuba must be immediately ended.

Declaring England's support for the groundedness of the American assertions This evening, after the Security Coun- American draft resolution, Dean at the same about the allegedly offensive character of cil meeting, the delegates from neutral Asian time expressed his thoughts on the neces- the weaponry installed in it. Quaison-Sackey and African countries will hold a meeting sity of negotiations between the interested recalled with regard to this the fabrication to discuss the general policy that it would parties.

by USA intelligence of false information be most advisable for them to follow with The French delegate (Roger] Seydoux that has already been used in the past for regard to this issue. In the course of also supported the American draft resolu- justifying aggressive actions against Cuba. tomorrow's meeting we will decisively de- tion, representing it as allegedly furthering The delegates from the United Arab fend the position laid out in our draft reso- the interests of a peaceful settlement of the Republic and Ghana declared that they canlution, and will exert pressure on the neutrals conflict. Like Dean, he reiterated the false not justify the USA actions aimed at estabto do the same.

assertions by the USA of the allegedly of- lishing a blockade of Cuba. They both em

fensive nature of the armaments supplied by phasized that these actions by the USA con23.X.62 V. ZORIN the Soviet Union to Cuba (we are teletyping stitute a violation of the principle of marithe full text).

time freedom, and pose a serious threat to (Source: Archive of Foreign Policy, Russian In the speeches by the delegates from peace and general security. In their speeches, Federation (AVP RF), Moscow; copy ob- Venezuela and Chile, support was given to they noted the fact that the USA took its tained by NHK (Japanese Television), pro- the justification of the resolution, approved unilateral actions behind the back of the vided to CWIHP, and on file at National under pressure from the USA, of the Orga- Security Council. Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; trans- nization of American States, which is op- The delegates of the United Arab Relation by John Henriksen, Harvard Univer- posed to Cuba. They asserted, following public and Ghana have appealed to the parsity.]

USA crib-notes, that the Soviet arms in Cuba ties involved—the USA, the USSR, and

upset the balance of power in the Western Cuba—to resolve the conflict through Telegram from Soviet delegate to the hemisphere, and constitute a threat to the peaceful negotiations, and have jointly in

United Nations V. A. Zorin to USSR security of the nations of this area. The del- troduced a draft resolution (transmitted by Foreign Ministry, 25 October 1962, on egates from Venezuela and Chile declared teletype). UN Security Council Meeting of their support for the American draft resolu- The last to speak at today's meeting 24 October 1962 tion.

was the acting Secretary General of the UN, The delegate from Ireland, [Minister U Thant, who read the text of messages he 25 October 1962 for External Affairs Frank] Aiken, recogniz- sent today to Comrade N.S. Khrushchev and

ing the right of the Cuban nation to decide to Kennedy. In these messages, U Thant proOn 24 October speeches were deliv- its own fate and to take measures to guaran- posed that for a period of two to three weeks ered in the Security Council by the delegates tee its defense capabilities, expressed regret “all arms provisioning in Cuba be voluntarfrom Venezuela, England, Rumania, Ireland, at the same time concerning the fact that the ily suspended, and that all quarantine activFrance, Chile, the United Arab Republic, weaponry installed in Cuba represents huge ity be suspended by the opposing party.” U Ghana, and also by U Thant.

nuclear forces that threaten the neighboring Thant expressed his support for the proposal Comrade [Deputy Foreign Minister countries. Aiken appealed for a peaceful that the interested parties meet during this Mircea) Malitza, the delegate from Ruma- settlement by means of negotiations. He period and discuss the situation. He, U nia, fully supported the Soviet Union's for- declined to express his position with regard Thant, is willing to provide all necessary mulation of the issue of the USA violation to both the American and the Soviet draft services for this purpose, and is at the disof the UN Charter and the USA threat to resolutions.

posal of the parties involved. peace, and supports with equal conviction The delegates from the United Arab Having learned in the afternoon of the the Security Council draft resolution intro- Republic, [Mahmoud] Riad, and from content of the message to the USSR and the duced by the Soviet Union.

Ghana, (Alex] Quaison-Sackey, pointed out USA prepared by U Thant, we told him that The speech of the English delegate, (Sir that they are approaching the issue at hand we considered it incorrect and wrongPatrick] Dean, supported the false accusa- in light of the principles established by the headed of the acting Secretary General to

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