網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

because of the present situation in which our vessels remain immobilized on the open sea. This cannot continue endlessly.

We believe that the missiles have achieved their effect, and achieved it well. You say that you do not believe the Americans. We too do not believe them. But we are operating on the assumption that the socialist states should take the necessary steps to ensure their security, and to coexist with the USA. It is possible that I am simply repeating here what I was saying to you before your trip, but I think that these concerns should be borne in mind when you are presenting our case to Castro. This does not mean, of course, that they should be expressed literally and explicitly. But you must make him clearly understand that we are worried by the unreasonable position that our Cuban comrades have been forced to take.

1.XI.62 A. GROMYKO

(Source: AVP RF; copy obtained by NHK, provided to CWIHP, and on file at National Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; translation by John Henriksen, Harvard University)

U Thant took a good initiative with the aim the exchange of letters between him and of resolving the Cuban crisis and that in this Fidel Castro. In his first appeal to Castro, U regard we are ackowledging his large con- Thant called on him to cooperate with the tribution. This raises the authority of U UN in the name of securing peace. In his Thant himself as well as of the United Na- reply, Castro invited U Thant to visit Cuba tions that could express itself in such a dan- personally in his capacity of acting UN Secgerous situation.

retary General and to discuss with him the He remarked then that although the issues concerning the attitude of the govimmediate danger of war has ebbed, never- ernment of Cuba on the question under contheless there are political and diplomatic sideration of the Security Council. difficulties and they should be resolved ac- U Thant accepted this invitation and cording to the ideas and proposals advanced visited Cuba, staying there on 30 and 31 in the letters of N.S. Khrushchev [and] October. He held two meetings with Prime Kennedy and in the declaration of Castro. Minister Castro, when the Cuban issue was He stressed that for its part the Soviet Union discussed. In Havana he met some diplowas ready to continue its efforts to achieve mats accredited by the government of final resolution of the Cuban issue. He re- Castro. The most useful conversations were marked that the acting Secretary General ones with the Ambassadors of Brazil, Yucould exercise a certain influence, using his goslavia, the UAR (United Arab Republic), authority, in the process of ultimate settle- and the USSR. ment of the conflict.

One of the issues on U Thant's agenda He informed that he was heading for during the trip was to clarify the reaction of Cuba to meet with the Cuban friends, and the Cuban government concerning the decided to stop in New York in order to see agreement of the Soviet Union to allow U.N. U Thant and hear his considerations with observers to check on the fulfillment of the regard to his recent trip to Cuba.

commitment to dismantle Soviet missile U Thant welcomed com. Mikoyan. He launchers in Cuba and to return them to the reminded him of their meetings in Yalta in USSR. November 1955 when U Thant accompa- Castro said in categorical form that nied [Bu

nese leader] U Nu, and then in Cuba is a sovereign and independent state Burma. U Thant recalled with warmth his and it would not allow any external organimeetings with N.S. Khrushchev in 1955 in zation - be it the UN or anything else - to Yalta as well as during the trip of N.S. interfere in the internal affairs of Cuba. ImKhrushchev to Burma, and also in the position of inspection on the part of the UN United Nations in 1960 and again this year would be considered by the Cuban people in the Soviet Union. U Thant expressed his as an infringement on its sovereign rights sincere gratitude to N.S. Khrushchev for his and would be considered as a humiliation encouraging words passed to him in his let- of the people of Cuba. Such a step cannot ters to U Thant and also through our repre- be accepted by the Cuban government. If sentatives in the UN. He values highly and the USSR wants to meet the announced rejoices at the assessment that the Soviet goals of sending the groups of inspectors, Union gives to his efforts in the resolution then Castro believes that such inspections of the Cuban issue.

might be carried out outside of the territoU Thant stressed that the position of rial waters of Cuba. the Soviet government and its head N.S. Castro informed U Thant that on ThursKhrushchev in the Cuban crisis was grate- day, 1 November, he was going to speak on fully received by the vast majority of the radio and television with a speech where he peoples of all the world and met with grati- intends to mention this issue. U Thant retude by the whole mankind. He remarked portedly advised Castro to postpone this that the people now see much more clearly speech, since it is very delicate and would the sincere desire of the Soviet Union to be assessed as a declaration of policy with have the UN as an efficacious instrument all consequences that flow out of it. Castro for maintaining peace and for preventing responded to U Thant that he had already

put off making of this speech with regard to After that U Thant turned to his trip to (U Thant's) visit in Cuba. If the speech were Cuba and said the following.

delayed one more time, then people would The trip was taken in connection with not understand it. Therefore Castro could not

Cable of V.V. Kuznetsov on 1 November 1962 Conversation between CPSU CC

Politburo Member A.I. Mikoyan and Acting UN Secretary General U Thant,

2 November 1962

Ciphered telegram

Top Secret
No copying is allowed

Copy no. 1

2 November 1962

CC CPSU

Transmitting the record of conversation of com. A.I. Mikoyan

The conversation took place with U Thant on 1 November 1962 in the U.N. mission (of the USSR - trans.).

At the start com. Mikoyan passed to U Thant regard from com. N.S. Khrushchev as well as on his own behalf. He told U Thant that N.S. Khrushchev recalls with warmth the conversations that he had with the acting Secretary General. Personally N.S. Khrushchev and his colleagues believe that

war.

once again postpone his speech.

although he received with understanding the voluntary suspension of the quarantine on The U Thant asked Castro not to men- viewpoint of the Prime Minister of Cuba. the part of the USA. tion in his speech the position of the gov- Then in the conversations U Thant and U Thant informed Castro about the ernment of Cuba regarding the [issue of] UN Castro touched on the issue about “the UN acceptance on the part of the Soviet Union inspection, to which he gladly agreed, say- presence” in the region of the Caribbean sea of such a voluntary commitment, and also ing that he would remove this paragraph during the period of the crisis.

that the USA would have also agreed to susfrom the text he had already prepared.

U Thant told Castro that in the inter- pend the quarantine for 2-3 weeks, on the U Thant asked com. Mikoyan, having ests of the government of Cuba and the Cu- condition that there would be a mechanism in mind the confidential character of his ban people themselves it would be useful to for checking if Soviet ships heading for conversations with Castro, not to raise this have in Havana UN representatives, and, if Cuba were not carrying arms. issue on his own initiative.

Castro agrees, he was ready to leave 2 to 3 U Thant informed Castro also that the As Castro pointed out, in his speech of his officials to establish contacts and to Soviet Union had agreed that the Red Cross he planned to lay out the entire foreign follow-up on their dialogue.

should deal with inspection of vessels outpolicy of Cuba and in particularly to em- Castro responded that had the govern- side of the boundaries of the territorial waphasize the five points on the settlement of ment of Cuba agreed at the present moment ters of Cuba. He said that for the Red Cross the Cuban crisis he had advanced on 28 to the presence of UN representatives in it would have been more convenient to inOctober. To this U Thant responded that in Cuba, it could have been interpreted by spect ships in the ports of arrival, and not in view of the deliberations on the Cuban is- people as consent to the presence of inspect- the open sea, if, of course, the government sue in the Security Council and his own ing groups of the United Nations. While of Cuba agreed to that. speech he could not do it. The Security saying so, he referred to American radio Castro said to this, that his government Council did not authorize him to discuss broadcasts which affirm on an hourly basis would not allow groups of the Red Cross to with the sides issues of permanent or long- that the U Thant mission exactly the inspect Soviet ships on Cuban territory, but term character of settlement of the conflict inspection goals in mind. Under such terms if the USSR agreed to the inspection, then in the Caribbean sea.

people might have misperceived such a step. the UN should start organizing this business To this Castro responded that a tempo- Castro asked U Thant not to insist on this on the open sea. rary resolution of immediate problems did proposal.

Responding to the question of U Thant not resolve the Cuban issue as a whole. The He then declared that, if the Security about a possible time of convocation of a resolution of these immediate questions, in Council accepted some kind of formula to next session of the Security Council on the the opinion of the government of Cuba, had resolve the Cuban issue on a permanent ba- Cuban issue, Castro said that he would have to be linked to resolution of the longer-term sis, then he, Castro, would be glad to have preferred that the Council convene no problems. The Security Council had to dis- some kind of UN presence on the recipro- sooner than next Wednesday, i.e. after the cuss also and resolve the issue about a last- cal basis. However, this cannot be done in elections in the United States. ing peace in the area of the Caribbean sea. the present phase.

Com. Mikoyan thanked U Thant for If the Security Council were preoccupied In conversations with Castro, U Thant interesting and useful information, stresswith resolution of only immediate problems, raised the question about the return to the ing that this would facilitate his talks with then similar problems would emerge in the USA on humanitarian grounds of an Ameri- Prime Minister Fidel Castro. foreseeable future again, and they could cre- can pilot who, according to press publica- He observed that the Americans were ate a situation similar to the current one. tions, had vanished without a trace in the now trying to focus all attention on the disTherefore the government of Cuba is con- area of Cuba. Castro told him that the USA mantling and withdrawal of missile equipvinced that to ensure lasting and secure aircraft of the type U-2 had indeed violated ment, doing nothing on their part concernpeace in the whole world it is necessary that the aerial space over Cuba in violation of ing the guarantees of Cuba's security. the Security Council should preoccupy it- international legislation and the UN Char- Therefore Castro is right when he self with the issue of ensuring lasting peace ter. It was shot down by the Cubans, the pi- speaks about the need to solve the Cuban in the Caribbean region. In case the Secu- lot died, since he could not bail out. Castro issue on a permanent basis. Now it is imrity Council would be convened, Castro in- would have been ready to return the pilot, portant to move from general declarations tends to send to the UN Minister of Foreign and alive, but he is dead, therefore he is to concrete steps for cardinal solution of the Affairs Raul Roa so that he would present ready to return the body under auspices of entire issue on the basis of the letters of the viewpoint of his government on the en- the UN. (This information U Thant passed N.S. Khrushchev [and] Kennedy, and also tire Cuban issue. The delegation of Cuba to the Americans).

the just and constructive proposals of Fidel would address the Security Council with a Castro also said that any further viola- Castro. Naturally, the Americans will object request to find a lasting and final solution tion of the aerial borders of Cuba would be to some proposals of Castro, but his proto this issue. The government of Cuba is dealt with in a similar way.

posals face in the right direction. firmly convinced that such a solution can The next question that was discussed On the time of convening the Security be found only on the basis of 5 points ad- between U Thant and Castro was about a Council, com. Mikoyan remarked that we vanced on 28 October by Premier Castro. voluntary suspension by the Soviet Union understand the considerations of Fidel on

U Thant told Castro that at that point of its supplies of weapons for Cuba for a this score. We also would like to say that he was not competent to discuss this issue, period of 2 to 3 weeks and the simultaneous since general principles of complete liqui

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

dation of the conflict has been adopted and in the UN even before his trip to Cuba and perhaps 10-15 days will be required. He declared by the interested sides, and also by they seemed interested. Some Latin Ameri- promised to raise this issue in the forthcomthe UN, since the acting Secretary General can delegates not only were interested in this ing conversation with McCloy. is taking active part in this, then, in our opin- idea but also let U Thant understand that U Thant said that he addresses the ion, the Security Council should be con- such a measure would be desirable.

Americans every day with appeals to susvened at the moment when the current ne- The USA so far does not want to openly pend the blockade. And yesterday, having gotiations would approach the phase of an express its attitude towards this proposal of returned from Cuba, he did the same, makagreed-upon document finalizing this crisis. U Thant. Its reaction was reduced to the ar- ing the Americans aware that he was conUntil then convening of the Security Coun- gument that, well, since this arrangement vinced that the dismantling had begun and cil would hardly assist in this matter. concerns all the countries of Western hemi- was under way as it had been promised, and

Com. Mikoyan voiced the idea that sphere, this issue should be discussed in the that it would be finished by the announced after the end of talks of the sides, some kind Organization of American States.

date. of document might be passed for approval Com. Mikoyan asked U Thant about Com. Mikoyan thanked U Thant for his to the Security Council and on its basis and his opinion regarding a possible form of the useful and exhaustive information. They in following up on it the Council might take document stating the reached agreement. agreed that for the press they will announce a decision on subsequent practical steps. U Thant said that if the sides agree in about useful exchange of opinions and the Such a document might have the character general, then the goal will be reached friendly atmosphere of the conversation. of a protocol which would describe talks that through any such document in the form of At the end of the conversation U Thant would have taken place between the sides protocol, joint declaration, separate decla- said that if A.I. Mikoyan would come back with participation of U Thant on the basis ration of the sides, agreement and even in via New York, he (U Thant) would be glad of the letters of N.S. Khrushchev and the form of summing-up declaration of the to meet again and learn about the results of Kennedy, and also the declarations of Fidel chairman of the Security Council.

the trip. He would like that time to be a more Castro, and that would inform about the Com. Mikoyan asked U Thant also to generous host than now and to invite A.I. achieved agreement that, thereby, would express his personal considerations on the Mikoyan for lunch and breakfast. have been sealed by the Security Council. time of convocation of the Security Coun- The conversation was recorded by [Mikoyan] said to U Thant that we cil.

com. Zherebtsoy V.N. learned with great interest about his initia- U Thant said that it should be done aftive concerning the practicality of having ter the elections in the USA, but everything 2.XI.62 V. KUZNETSOV observers in Cuba, in the USA, and in other depends on the sides' agreement. If the sides countries neighboring Cuba for a duration come to agreement, the Council can be con- (Source: AVPRF; obtained by NHK, proof some period. He informed (U Thant) that vened at any time.

vided to CWIHP, copy on file at National N.S. Khrushchev was delighted to see this Then U Thant passed his wish to thank Security Archive; translation by Vladislav initiative of U Thant and considered it to be the Soviet Ambassador in Cuba for his genu- M. Zubok (National Security Archive).] interesting and useful. It is good that Fidel ine and wholehearted cooperation during the Castro took it in a positive way. This pro- trip of U Thant. In particular, U Thant noted Telegram from Soviet envoy G. Zhukov posal contains in itself the principle of reci- that our Ambassador in Havana and the So- to CC CPSU, 2 November 1962 procity, and the USSR is ready to support viet officer informed him without delay such a proposal. It could be included into a about the time when dismantling of the mis

2 November 1962 draft protocol.

sile units began, about the time when work He asked U Thant if he had spoken to will be finished, and about the fact that ships Yesterday, on 1 November (before dinthe Americans on this subject and if so what are commissioned for withdrawal of these ner with A.I. Mikoyan), McCloy invited me was their attitude toward this idea. units. In this regard U Thant asked as a mat- to his residence and said the following:

U Thant said that in conversation with ter of personal interest about the time of ar- 1. The Americans express their gratiSoviet representatives he advanced several rival of ships to Cuba to pick up the men- tude for the fact that the American plane formulas for solution of the issue in its en- tioned materiel.

making aerial photos of Cuba today was not tirety, and the problem of guarantees in par- Com. Mikoyan confirmed what our subjected to gunfire. The photos are still ticular. At one of these meetings with com. Ambassador in Havana had told U Thant being developed, but the Americans hope Zorin he indeed proposed that, provided the about the time-frame of dismantling. Con- that they will confirm the correctness of the agreement of the sides, the presence of the cerning the time-frame of withdrawal he statement made by the Soviet general in UN in the Western hemisphere, in the said that those ships that are now in Cuba Cuba, to the effect that the missile dismanflashpoints, would be useful. Were it to will not suffice. However, with regard to the tling process has already been started. prove acceptable, then, in the opinion of U continuing quarantine Soviet ships cannot 2. McCloy offered a detailed account Thant, such a measure would have facili- sail to Cuba. Therefore it is necessary to lift of how U Thant had informed him of his tated a settlement of the situation in the Car- the quarantine, so that Soviet ships could talks with Castro (the account coincides with ibbean region on the permanent basis. enter Cuban ports, unload their cargoes and what U Thant told our delegation). He said

U Thant discussed this idea with heads load on them the dismantled units that he understood the difficulties arising of missions of Latin American [countries] (ustanovki). If one does it in speedily, then from Castro's refusal of ground-based inspections, and that now it was necessary to Stevenson, 2 November 1962 had not said it, but that the press gave an find new methods of monitoring that would

erroneous interpretation of his speech. confirm that the dismantling and removal [...] We raised the question that it was Stevenson and McCloy confirmed that of the missiles had begun (in McCloy's opin- necessary to write down in the form of a the USA are [is] ready to give a non-aggresion, the best solution would be aerial pho- protocol the important provisions that are sion guarantee to Cuba as it was mentioned tos along with a check on the ships remov- contained in the exchange of messages be- in Kennedy's letter, if an inspection in some ing the cargoes from Cuba on the open sea. tween N.S. Khrushchev and Kennedy tak- form confirms that the Soviet "offensive" McCloy underscored that this monitoring ing into account the statement by Fidel armament is really removed from Cuba. should be formal — without inquiring into Castro. The Americans by all means were Stevenson and McCloy affirmed that the details of the missiles, which are secret). evading discussion of this question and try- the encampments where the Cuban exiles

3. McCloy spoke a lot about the future ing to bring the whole matter to the organi- had been training for an invasion of Cuba prospects of an American-Soviet collabora- zation of control over the dismantling and were currently closed. tion which would open up as a result of the withdrawal from Cuba of the Soviet mis- 2. During the conversation we resosettling of the Cuban crisis. In his view, it is siles. Nevertheless, in the course of con- lutely demanded the removal of the sonecessary in the first place to reach an agree- versation they were obliged to answer our called “quarantine,” underlining that its conment on the cessation of nuclear testing, questions relating to the settlement of the tinuation in no way can help to create a suitwhich would make a huge impression on Cuban problem in general and disclosed able atmosphere for the solution of the Cupublic opinion. It would be good if this some of their positions that seem interest- ban problem and may only complicate the agreement could be signed by Kennedy and ing for further negotiations. To save space situation. In this regard we noted that the Khrushchev. Such a meeting would in this cable we omit our remarks during Soviet Union had complied with the request strengthen public faith that their personal the conversation. You may learn them from from U Thant for a temporary suspension contacts can be fruitful.

the transcript of the conversation which is of armaments' supplies to Cuba, but that the McCloy also believes it expedient to being sent separately.

USA had not stopped their “quarantine" for conclude an agreement concerning a renun- 1. Though reluctantly, the Americans at least some time, as it had been suggested ciation of the military use of outer space, agreed with the need to fix in documents by U Thant. and to sign a treaty on at least one bilateral the corresponding commitments, including McCloy and Stevenson evaded a clear agreement concerning the colonizing of the non-aggression commitment against answer to the question of ending the “quarouter space (for example, the launching of Cuba. In their opinion, these documents antine,” having limited themselves to a refa Soviet-American rocket aimed at Venus). must include: a statement by the Soviet erence that to the Soviet vessels going to

McCloy also reiterated several ideas Union on the completion of the missiles' Cuba would be applied the same procedure expressed earlier by Salinger and Thomp- evacuation; a USA statement saying they are as it was on October 25 regarding the tanker son (concerning in particular the issue of convinced of the withdrawal and giving cor- "Bucharest,” without an inspection on bases in Turkey-it may be possible, in his responding non-aggression guarantees to board, but with the help of a hailing-request view, to eliminate them in the course of "the Cuba; possibly also a statement by U Thant. by radio. first stage of disarmament”—by way of “re- The statement by the Soviet govern

It is illustrative that in response to our distribution"). ment must be the first.

statement that in the event of dropping the 4. McCloy implied that he would play The texts of these statements will be practice of "quarantine" and giving our vesthe role of an unofficial intermediary in the coordinated in advance.

sels the possibility to visit Cuba without any preparation of a meeting between Kennedy It is foreseen that a corresponding state- obstacles some 10-15 days will be needed and Khrushchev, which in his view could ment will be made by the Government of to dispatch (from Cuba] all the armaments take place within a few months, if resolu- Cuba. All these statements must be pre- called offensive by the Americans, McCloy tions of the issues enumerated above have sented to the Security Council.

and Stevenson said that in their opinion it is been completed by that time.

The unwillingness of the Americans to hardly possible from the technical stand5. McCloy asked us to pass on his sign a protocol, apparently, can be explained point to carry out the mentioned volume of warm greetings to N. S. Khrushchev and the in addition by the following thing: they do work in such a short period of time. Accordmembers of his family, from himself and his not want to put their signature side by side ing to McCloy, at least a month would be own family. with the Cubans'.

needed for that. The Americans underlined their readi- 3. There has been a detailed discussion 2.XI.62 G. ZHUKOV ness to include in their statement provisions of methods for control of the dismantling

based on corresponding wording from and removal of missiles. (Source: AVP RF; copy obtained by NHK, Kennedy's messages regarding the issue of Apparently, feeling the weakness of provided to CWIHP, and on file at National non-aggression guarantees for Cuba. their position and taking into account obSecurity Archive, Washington, D.C.; trans- When we mentioned that in the Ameri- jections on the part of Fidel Castro to perlation by John Henriksen.]

can press there has appeared a statement by mit verification on Cuban territory, McCloy

D. Rusk to the effect that Kennedy's state- and Stevenson declared in the course of disA.I. Mikoyan to CC CPSU re 1 ment is not a non-aggression guarantee to cussion that the American side would be November 1962 Meeting with Cuba, Stevenson assured us that D. Rusk ready not to insist on verification methods foreseen in the message to N.S. Khrushchev tend to do so not immediately, but some time and was ready to look for some new meth- later?”

Soviet Record of 1 November 1962 ods that would in essence give the Ameri- Stevenson said that he was not able to Dinner Conversation between CPSU cans the possibility to be certain of the give an answer to that question insofar as it CC Politburo Member A.I. Mikoyan implementation of our commitment to with- is part of the competence of the OAS (Or- and White House envoy John McCloy draw the weapons.

ganization of American States). But perhaps and U.S. Ambassador to the United To our specific question what new we can consider the possibility of organiz

Nations Adlai Stevenson methods was he referring to, McCloy said: ing corresponding regional arrangements, the USA could limit (itself] to the continua- giving the necessary confidence to the coun

Secret. Copy no. 24 tion of their flights which give them confi- tries of the Caribbean. I hope that steadily dence that there has not resumed in Cuba we will succeed in eliminating antagonism an installation of the dangerous for them between Cuba and its neighbors.

RECORD OF CONVERSATION OF types of armaments. At the same time Stevenson made the

com. A.I. MIKOYAN If Castro is against a ground verifica- observation that currently the “antagonism” WITH JOHN MCCLOY AND ADLAI tion, continued McCloy, another thing could between Cuba and its neighbors is instigated STEVENSON AT A DINNER IN THE be done - a transfer of the lists of armaments by “subversive actions in this region, per- SOVIET MISSION AT THE U.N. withdrawn from Cuba, when they would be haps undertaken mutually." McCloy noted

1 November 1962 removed, and of the corresponding informa- that “Cuba is the breeding ground of infection, which however would not disclose tion and Venezuela an example.”

At the outset of the conversation A.I. Soviet technological secrets. We do know It was clear that in the immediate fu- Mikoyan poses a question about the lifting roughly how many missiles currently are ture the USA (is) not going to re-establish of the American blockade on the surroundsituated in Cuba. In this case we could man- diplomatic and economic ties with Cuba. ings of Cuba for the period of negotiations, age without ground verification. We are 5. Stevenson and McCloy stated that as it was proposed by U Thant in his first glad, - said McCloy, - that today our plane the USA refuse[s) point-blank to discuss the missive to com. N.S. Khrushchev and to had not come under fire when it had been question of liquidating the American base President Kennedy on 24 October this year. flying over Cuba. As far as we know the at Guantanamo.

A.I. Mikoyan says that the USSR acanti-aircraft missiles in Cuba are in the hands 6. In the course of the conversation cepted recommendation of the acting Genof your people, not the Cubans, although it's McCloy attempted to broach the subject of eral Secretary of the U.N., and the United possible that there are some Cuban person- an eventual evacuation from Cuba of the States did not. On 24 October U Thant pronel.

Soviet “ground-air” anti-aircraft missiles. posed that the Soviet Union would stop deMcCloy received a very firm response We have resolutely warded off this probing, livery of weapons to Cuba for the duration that the USA [has) no right to overfly Cuba declaring that such a question could not be of talks (2 to 3 weeks), and the United States and nobody can guarantee the security of raised and that we had sold these weapons during the same period would suspend the such illegal flights.

to a number of countries, including the blockade. The Soviet Union fulfilled the rec4. We raised the question of normaliz- United Arab Republic and Indonesia. ommendations of U Thant, but the United ing relations between the USA [and] their McCloy made the observation that “they are States did not. Latin American allies, and Cuba. We also good machines against attacks from air- McCloy remarks that U Thant seeks to asked what is their attitude to U Thant's plan space."

start as soon as possible to check up Soviet for a UN presence in the Caribbean. The 7. McCloy and Stevenson agreed that vessels sailing to Cuba, by the forces of the Americans flatly rejected any inspection of it would be good for Soviet and American International Red Cross. their territory whatsoever and declared: delegations to try to reach preliminary agree- Stevenson says that the United States “You will have to trust our word.”

ments over the issues to be discussed by the hoped that by the end of next week observAt the same time, Stevenson said that Security Council.

ers of the International Red Cross would be the USA aspires to normalize the situation 8. McCloy and Stevenson expressed able to begin their work in Cuba. Here apin the Caribbean, but under the condition of satisfaction over the exchange of opinions parently some sort of misunderstanding Castro's cooperation. We could in some and Stevenson underlined that the USSR and emerges. It was understood that the suspenform elaborate mutual guarantees, accept- USA positions are not so far from each sion of the “quarantine” would be condiable to Castro and his neighbors. If Castro other.” Both of them were inquiring whether tioned on the simultaneous introduction of is afraid of them, they are afraid of him, too. I would stop on my way back [from Cuba). inspection. I consider, said Stevenson, that after the I said in response that for the moment A.I. Mikoyan objects that no such unCuban crisis is settled the tension in this re- I had no plans to do so but if necessary I derstanding took place. gion would be lessened. assumed it would be possible.

McCloy remarks that perhaps U Thant In this regard we put the question in

did introduce the proposal mentioned by A.I.

2.XI.62 A. MIKOYAN Mikoyan, but the United States accepted not “Castro may ask me if the USA [is]

his proposal, but the proposal of Chairman going to re-establish diplomatic and eco- (Source: AVPRF; trans. V. Zaemsky; copy Khrushchev in his letter to President nomic relations with Cuba? Maybe you in- on file at National Security Archive.) Kennedy

this way:

« 上一頁繼續 »