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Some particular items in the Spe- Minatom), the Russian archives, the August 1996 the Russian Federation cial Committee's documentary collec- Academy of Sciences, Ministry of De- Government decided to approve some tions deserve special mention. Besides fense, Federal Security Service, Foreign funding for preparing the compilations. the Committee's meeting protocols, Intelligence Service, and State Technol
Intelligence Service, and State Technol- Though the funding amount is not large, these are protocols and related materi- ogy Commission of Russia.
this decision will allow us to assure a als of meetings of the Technical (Sci- Since its establishment, the Work- more effective continuation of the entific and Technical) and Engineering ing Group has carried out a great commission's activities. By now the and Technical Councils which were ac- amount of work. It has specified sub- commission has reviewed the protocols tive in 1945-1946 within the Special jects of the collection sections and de- of the Special Committee's meetings Committee and then within the First cided to focus initial efforts on two ba- and basic resolutions and orders by Main Directorate of the USSR Council sic areas to complete the compilation State Defense Committee and USSR of Ministers; resolutions and orders of sections as quickly as possible: :
Government from 1943 to 1948. the USSR Council of People's Commis
Anticipating the publication of the sars Council of Ministers on the atomic -on the history of the development of the historical documents pertaining to the issues; correspondence with First Main first atomic bomb and improved atomic Soviet atomic project history in the Directorate organizations and enter- bomb designs (during the period through compilation, we present below the full prises and other Ministries and agen- 1954) in the USSR;
texts of the two most important governcies; and important documents of the -on Soviet efforts to develop the hydro- mental resolutions of 1946 from the First Main Directorate. Among the gen bomb (during the period through APRF: USSR Council of Ministers Special Committee's materials are 1954).
(CM) Resolution No. 805-327 of 9 April unique documents signed by Stalin and
1946 (“Issues of USSR Academy of Beria, and manuscripts by leading sci- The compilation section devoted to Sciences Laboratory No.2"), and USSR entists and administrators in the Soviet documents pertaining to the early pe- Council of Ministers Resolution No. atomic project, including its leader, riod of works on the Soviet atomic 1286-525 of 21 June 1946 (“On the Plan physicist I. V. Kurchatov.
project (1942-1945) is being prepared of the Works for Design Bureau No.11 For more than 40 years since the for publication.
of USSR Academy of Sciences LaboSpecial Committee's abolishment, its To prepare the compilation, docu- ratory No.2"). The latter resolution is documents have been practically inac- ments are being studied and selected in published with annexes No.1 and No.4 cessible for research. But an important various Russian archives. In addition (annexes No. 2 and 3, of a narrow ecostep toward the opening of these mate- to the Archive of the President, Russian nomic character, are omitted). rials, as well as relevant documents of Federation (APRF), great attention is USSR CM Resolution No. 805-327 other agencies, was taken on 17 Febru- paid to the archives of R. F. Minatom of 9 April 1946 is a historic act which ary 1995 with the issuance of Russian and Russian Federal Nuclear Center- established Design Bureau No.11 (KBFederation Presidential Decree No.160, All-Russian Scientific Research Insti- 11), the Soviet analog of the secret war"On the Preparation and Publication of tute of Experimental Physics (RFNC- time American nuclear weapons laboan Official Compilation of Archival VNIIEF). Valuable materials are also ratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Documents Pertaining to the History of located in the files of the Russia For- (Design Bureau No. 11 later became the Development of Nuclear Weapons eign Intelligence Service which has in- RFNC-VNIIEF.) USSR CM Resoluin the USSR.”2 To produce an objec- dicated its readiness to present a large tion No. 1286-525 of 21 June 1946 tive account of domestic atomic-energy amount of intelligence materials for the specified the early missions of KB-11, industry growth and USSR nuclear commission.
i.e. development of atomic bombs, weapons development, this Decree pro- In its activities the commission in- which were referred to in the resolution vides for the preparation and publica- tends to be guided by the principle of as "jet engines S," in two versions, S-1 tion of archival documents pertaining maximum possible openness. The ba- and S-2 (abbreviated as RDS-1 and to the history of nuclear weapons de- sic restriction remains only the provi- RDS-2). RDS-1 meant the analog of velopment in the USSR up to 1954. To sions of the 1968 Nuclear Weapons the first U.S. plutonium-239 implosion fulfill the decree's requirements, to Non-Proliferation Treaty, which bars type atomic bomb tested on 16 July study and compile the archival docu- the disclosure of information which 1945 in New Mexico (and of the U.S. ments and develop proposals for their would facilitate the spread of nuclear atomic bomb exploded over Nagasaki declassification, in accordance with weapons. These provisions hamper the on 9 August 1945). This bomb was sucRussian Federation Government's Di- commission's work as most documents cessfully tested in the USSR on 29 Aurection No. 728-r of 24 May 1995, a are of a technical character and contain gust 1949. RDS-2 signified the analog Working Group chaired by Russian data whose review for publication re- of the uranium-235 gun type bomb exDeputy Federation Minister for Atomic quires thorough analysis.
ploded over Hiroshima on 6 August Energy, was set up. The Working Group Another difficulty is that thus far 1945. This bomb passed a design veriincluded representatives of the Minis- there is no special funding for the fication in the USSR, but was not tested. try of Atomic Energy (L.D. Ryabev, commission's activities. However, in Later the abbreviation RDS-2 was used to denote the improved plutonium-239 sponded to the maximum capabilities KB-11 construction and arrangement of implosion type atomic bomb tested in of that time.
works. 1951. During the period through 1954 The 21 June 1946 resolution set The measures taken for KB-11's the USSR verified and tested three more stringent control over the KB-11 works. creation and development, alongside the types of improved atomic bombs: RDS- I. V. Kurchatov, the scientific leader of huge complex of the measures to cre3, RDS-4, and RDS-5. The documents the Soviet atomic project, and P.M. ate an interconnected network of reflecting the development of the RDS- Zernov and Yu. B.Khariton, leaders of atomic-energy industry scientific re1, RDS-2, RDS-3, RDS-4 and RDS-5 KB-11, had to report to the Special search institutes and enterprises, alatomic bombs that will constitute the Committee on the progress of KB-11 lowed the USSR to solve the historic first part of the compilation being pre- works on a monthly basis.
problem of domestic nuclear weapons pared by the commission. The second The annexes to the 21 June 1946 development within a short time period. part will be composed of documents re- resolution contain detailed description Naturally, even a multi-volume flecting the Soviet work on the hydro- of the measures on preparation, arrange- compilation cannot contain all signifigen bomb, whose first version (referred ment, and support of the KB-11 works. cant historical documents reflecting the to as RDS-6s) was successfully tested According to Annex No.1, for KB-11 immense work on the USSR atomic on 12 August 1953.
construction in the Mordovia State re- project, which was indeed a major exReturning to the USSR CM reso- serve zone and Gorky (now Nizhni ploit of Soviet science and industry. The lution of 21 June 1946, readers should Novgorod) region a territory of roughly document sets, such as a complete colnote the extremely short duration of the 100 square kilometers was taken from lection of protocols of the Special Comwork phases set by that resolution. Thus the settlement of Sarov. KB-11 was mittee, and of the Technical and Engithe technical task orders for the RDS-1 transferred to Plant No. 550 in Sarov neering and Technical Councils of the and RDS-2 designs had to be developed which heretofore belonged to Ministry
which heretofore belonged to Ministry Special Committee, voluminous reports by 1 July 1946, the main unit designs of Agricultural Machine Engineering. about the work of the First Main Direcby 1 July 1947. The work on the de- The plant's buildings and equipment torate from 1945 to 1946 signed by B. sign development had to be conducted became the base of the KB-11 produc- L. Vannikov, A. P. Zavenyagin and I. V. in parallel with the establishment of tion zone. When the USSR CM Reso- Kurchatov, compilation of atomic intelspecial laboratories at KB-11 and ar- lutions of 9 April and 21 June 1946 were ligence materials, etc. are worthy of rangement of the works of these labo- adopted, the settlement of Sarov disap- special attention and might be published ratories (the first phase laboratories had peared from all geographic maps pub- individually. The obvious interest of to start functions in the period from lished in the USSR.
Russia and the international public in September to December 1946, the sec- The KB-11 laboratory received such historical materials allows us to ond phase laboratories in the period special dispensations and privileges of expect that eventually the problem of from January to June 1947).
many varieties. It was permitted to con- financial support of such publications The short duration and arrange- struct new buildings and facilities with- can find a positive resolution. ment of the parallel works became pos- out previously approved projects and sible thanks to availability in the USSR estimated costs and make payments for Document I: USSR Council of Minisof intelligence materials about the de- the works according to actual expendi- ters Resolution of 9 April 1946 Estabsigns of the U.S. atomic bombs “Fat tures. Special attention was paid to so- lishing Design Bureau No. 11 Man" and "Little Boy," prototypes of cial issues. KB-1 wo ers received RDS-1 and RDS-2, Soviet atomic high wages, and enhanced food-stuff
Top Secret bombs, which the leaders of the USSR norms given in Annex No.4* (note that
(Special dossier) atomic project decided in 1946 should the ration card system existed in the USSR Council of Ministers be copied as closely as possible from USSR up until the end of 1947), and Order No. 805-327ss/op of 9 April 1946. the American designs.
reserved high-quality residences. A li- Kremlin, Moscow It should be emphasized that the brary was created which automatically availability of the intelligence materi- received copies of important literature Issues of Laboratory No.2 als could not substitute for independent on physics, chemistry, mathematics and experimental, theoretical, and design fiction published in the USSR, and spe- 1. Reorganize Sector No. 6 of USSR verification of the Soviet atomic bombs cial allocations of additional funding in Academy of Sciences Laboratory No. 2 to which were being prepared for testing foreign currency to obtain foreign books Design Bureau of USSR Academy of SciOwing to the extraordinary responsibil- and journals. Aircraft were allotted to ences Laboratory No.2 for jet engine (atomic ity of the leaders of and participants in KB-11, permitting regular aerial trans- weapon) design development and prototype the Soviet atomic project, RDS-1 was port links with Moscow.
manufacture. tested only after thorough confirmation Under the hard post-war condi- 2. Hereupon refer to the above Design of the available information and a full tions, including severe shortages of re- Bureau as Design Bureau No. 11 (KB-11) cycle of experimental, theoretical, and
sources, a great amount of materials and of USSR Academy of Sciences Laboratory design studies whose level corre- necessary equipment was directed for No. 2.
Csomralde Zernov P.M., Transport Machine Building Deputy Minister, as KB11 Chief with release from his current Ministry duties;
Professor Khariton Yu. B, as KB-11 Chief Designer on jet engine prototype designing and manufacture.
4. Adopt the proposal by Commission composed of Vannikov, Yakovlev, Zavenyagin, Goremykin, Meshik and Khariton on location of KB-11 on the base of Ministry of Agricultural Machine Building Plant No. 550 and adjoining territory.
5. Assume the following as necessary:
a) involve USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of Chemical Physics (Director Academician Semenov N. N.) in computations on orders by Laboratory No. 2 (Academician Kurchatov) relating to designing of jet engines, measurements of needed constants, and preparation and conduct of principal jet engine tests;
b) arrange at USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of Chemical Physics development of theoretical issues for nuclear explosion and combustion and their application in engineering
In this connection transfer all main forces of USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of Chemical Physics to accomplishment of the above tasks.
6. Charge the First Main Directorate of USSR Council of Ministers (Mr. Vannikov) with (responsibility for) material and technical support of KB-11 and USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of Chemical Physics.
7. Entrust Mr. Vannikov with consideration and solution in conjunction with Mr. Zernov of all the issues relating to adjustment of Plant No. 550 for KB-11.
8. Entrust Messrs. Vannikov (convocation), Zernov, Kurchatov, Khariton, Semenov, Pervukhin, Ustinov, and Zavenyagin with consideration of Academician Semenov's proposals on the measures to support the works with which the Institute of Chemical Physics is charged and within 5 days to develop and submit the draft decision on this issue.
Federation (APRF), Fond 3, Opis 47, Delo fueling stated in item la in versions S-1 and 29, Listy 105-106).
S-2, 5 copies for each version, and submit
them for testing by 1 September 1947. Document II: USSR Council of
3. That the following proposals of Ministers Resolution of 21 June 1946 on Cdes. Kurchatov, Khariton, Vannikov, Development of Soviet Atomic Weapons Pervukhin, and Zernov to conduct the fol
lowing preparatory works for RDS versions Keep in cipher
S-1 and S-2 according to the task orders of Top Secret KB-11, at Ministry of Agricultural Machine
(Special dossier) Building NII-6, NII-504, KB-47, USSR USSR Council of Ministers Resolution Academy of Sciences Laboratory No. 2, No. 1286-525ss/op of 21 June 1946. Ministry of Armaments KB-88, Ministry of Kremlin, Moscow
Transport Machine Building Kirov Plant KB
(Chelyabinsk) and USSR Academy of SciOn the plan of promoting the works of ences Institute of Chemical Physics be ac
Design Bureau No. 11 (KB-11) of cepted:
chine Building Research Institute No. 6
(leader of the works Cde. Zakoshchikov, USSR Council of Ministers ORDERS: NII-6 chief):
Accept the following proposals submit- - development of synchronous spark ted by Cdes.Kurchatov, Khariton, Vannikov, plug operation principles and design—by 1 Pervukhin, and Zernov on the Orders for October 1946; Design Bureau No. 11 of USSR Academy - refinement of diesel fuel compound of Sciences and the plan of promoting the charge elements—by 1 October 1946; works of the above Bureau:
- development basing on small-scale 1. That Design Bureau No. 11 (Messrs. models of a technique for studying maxiKhariton, Zernov) be charged with: mum compression of fuel mixture—by 1
a) development of two versions of “Jet January 1947; engine (atomic bomb] S” (“RDS” in abbre- - study basing on small-scale models viated form) under the scientific leadership the compression rate—by 1 January 1947; of USSR Academy of Sciences Laboratory - development of the power supply sysNo.2 (Academician Kurchatov):with heavy tem—by 1 March 1947. fuel utilization (version S-1) and with light b) at the Ministry of Agricultural Mafuel utilization (version S-2);
chine Building Research Institute NO.504 b) submission of the first verified and (leader of the works Cde. Rassushin, Chief manufactured S-1 and S-2 versions of RDS, Designer): 1 copy of each version, to state tests in sta- - development of the automatic height tionary conditions: for the version S-1 by 1 controller—by 1 January 1947; January 1948, for the version S-2 by 1 June - development of the spark plug power 1948;
supply system—by 1 October 1946; c) submission of the first verified and c) at the Ministry of Agricultural Mamanufactured S-1 and S-2 aerial design ver- chine Building Design Bureau No.47 (leader sions of RDS, 1 copy of each version, to of the works Cde. Kulakov, Chief Designer): state flight tests: for the version S-1 by 1 - development of the RDS fairing and March 1948, for the version S-2 by 1 Janu- fastening case—by 1 October 1946;
d) at the Ministry of Transport Machine 2. That to secure accomplishment of Building Kirov Plant Design, Chelyabinsk the tasks stated in item 1, entrust Design Bu- (leader of the works Cde. Dukhov, Chief Dereau No. 11 (Cdes. Khariton and Zernov) to signer): be empowered to carry out the following - development of the diesel fuel comworks: a) development of the tactical and pound charge, fueling technique and autotechnical task orders for versions S-1 and mated system devices—by 1 October 1946; S-2 of the RDS design by 1 July 1946; b) e) at USSR Academy of Sciences development of the design of the main RDS Laboratory No. 2 (leader of the works Acaunits in versions S-1 and S-2 by 1 July 1947; demician Kurchatov): c) manufacture of RDS prototypes without - development of the power supply sys
Stamp: USSR Council of Ministers General
(Source: Archive of the President, Russian
tem—by 1 March 1947;
88 in conformity with Annexes Nos. 1 and torate No. 880 and that he be relieved of - refinement of the timing issues as 2.
other work for Ministry of Military and applied to the version S-2—by 1 January 6. That Messrs. Kurchatov, Zernov and Navy Building 1947;
Khariton be entrusted with monthly report- 4. That GSPI-11 of the First Main Dif) at the Ministry of Armaments Plant ing about the progress of works of Design rectorate of USSR Council of Ministers No. 38 Design Bureau (leader of the works Bureau No. 11 to the Special Committee of carry out the design operations on building Cde. Kostin, Chief Designer): USSR Council of Ministers.
for Design Bureau No. 11. - development of the “gun” design
5. That the USSR Ministry of Internal by 1 January 1947;
Stamp: USSR Council of Ministers General Affairs be empowered to occupy the area - refinement of the timing issues—by Office Management of USSR Council of up to 100 square kilometers for Building Di1 January 1947; Ministers Affairs..
rectorate No. 880 in the Mordovia State reg) at USSR Academy of Sciences In
serve and up to 10 square kilometers of land stitute of Chemical Physics Special Sector
south of the Balykovo village, Gorky region. (the leader of the works Academician
That Cde. Rodionov, Chairman of Semenov):
RSFSR Council of Ministers, by agreement - carrying out the theoretical and com
(Special dossier) with Cdes. Zernov and Komarovsky, be enputational works on the task orders of USSR USSR Council of Ministers Resolution trusted with determination of the alienation Academy of Sciences Laboratory No. 2.
No. 1286-525ss of 21 June 1946. borders of the above lands within ten days. That Ministers: of Agricultural Ma
6. That USSR Minister of Internal Afchine Building Cde. Vannikov, of Arma
fairs be empowered to carry out the conments Cde. Ustinov, of Transport Machine Annex No. 1
struction and assembly operations for BuildBuilding Cde. Malyshev, Director of USSR
ing No. 880 without approved project and Academy of Sciences Institute of Chemical
estimated costs. Payment due should be Physics Academician Semenov, [and] Chief on preparation and arrangement of KB-11 made on the basis of actual expenditures. of USSR Academy of Sciences Laboratory
7. That Plant No. 550 be transferred to No. 2 Academician Kurchatov be empow
the First Main Directorate of the USSR ered to accomplish the works listed in item USSR Council of Ministers ORDERS: Council of Ministers from the Ministry of 3 within the stated dates and monthly re- 1. That USSR Ministry of Internal Af- Agricultural Machine Building under Stateport about the progress of works to the Spe- fairs (Cdes. Kruglov and Komarovsky) be ment of assets and liabilities as of 1 May cial Committee of USSR Council of Minis empowered to carry out the construction and 1946. ters.
assembling operations for Design Bureau 8. That Cdes. Abakumov (convoca4. That Design Bureau No. 11 be au- No. 11 and that be USSR Ministry of Inter- tion), Kruglov, Vannikov, and Zernov be thorized to establish the following labora- nal Affairs be empowered to complete by obligated to develop within 2 weeks and tories within the Design Bureau (on the base forces of Glavpromstroy the construction approve the safeguard and security system of Plant No. 550 of the First Main Director- and assembling operations of the first se- for facility No. 550. ate of USSR Council of Ministers):
ries by 1 October 1946 and of the second That their direction be reported to Spe-primarily: Laboratory No. 1 (for fuel), series (all of the operations) by 1 May 1947. cial Committee. Laboratory No. 2 (X-ray metering), Labo- That USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs 9. That Cdes. Vannikov, Kurchatov, ratory No. 3 (for studying strains), Labora- (Cde. Kruglov) be authorized to establish and Zernov be obligated to approve KB-11 tory No. 4 (for studying performance); Building Directorate No. 880 within the staff.
-secondarily: Laboratory No. 5 (for Glavpromstroy system to accomplish the That Cdes. Vannikov, Kurchatov, physics), Laboratory No. 6 (for plugs), above task.
Zernov, and Komarovsky be charged with Laboratory No. 7 (for metallurgy and treat- 2. That the first series building amount submission of the amount of construction ment), Laboratory No. 8 (for studying physi- for Design Bureau No. 11 proposed by Cdes. and schedule of the construction and assemcal and mechanical properties of fuel), Labo- Vannikov, Pervukhin, Kurchatov, bly operations of the first phase for KB-11 ratory No. 9 (for quality control of initial Zavenyagin, Khariton, and Zernov, a total for 1946: no later than on 15 August 1946 materials), Laboratory No. 10 (for preven- of 30 million rubles, and the list of building to be approved by USSR Council of Ministion of accidents).
over the facilities, according to Annex No. ters. That the dates be fixed for spreading 3, be approved and that Cdes. Zernov and 10. That KB-11 be released from rethe works of the primary laboratories from Komarovsky be empowered to approve the cording the staff in financial agencies. September to December 1946 and the sec- priorities for building and restoration of the That a total of 25 million rubles of adondary laboratories from January to June first phase facilities within the above list. vance allocations be approved for KB-11 for 1947.
3. That Cde. Volkov V.V. be placed in quarters II and III, 1946 for preparatory and 5. That the measures be approved on charge of Deputy Chief of Design Bureau building operations, materials, equipment preparation and organization of the works No. 11 of USSR Academy of Sciences Labo- and economy expenditures, including 200 of KB-11 and measures for USSR Ministry ratory No. 2 in building and Chief of USSR thousand rubles as the person-free fund and of Internal Affairs Building Directorate No. Ministry of Internal Affairs Building Direc- 100 thousand rubles for special expendi
That the USSR Ministry of Finance (Mr. Zernov) be charged with allocation of the above funds to the First Main Directorate of the USSR Council of Ministers.
11. That the wages, salaries, and all types of food-stuffs and goods provision established for USSR Academy of Sciences Laboratory No. 2 be extended to KB-11. 12. That the following be determined:
a) salary rates for the workers assigned to work at facility No. 550 should be increased during their stay at facility No. 550 from 75 to 100% and the persons performing multiple tasks of KB-11 should be paid additional salary amounting from 50 to 75% of relevant salary established for workers of KB-11 of Laboratory No. 2;
b) all leading, scientific, engineering, technical, administrative and economic workers of facility No. 550 should be provided on site with three meals a day in norms according to Annex No. 4 and ration according to the letter “A” limit for leading and scientific workers and to the letter “B” limit for other workers.
13. That the USSR Ministry of Trade (Cde. Lyubimov) be charged with:
a) allocation by request of Cde. Zernov of all needed foodstuffs for arrangement of three meals a day for all leading, scientific, engineering-technical, and administrativetechnical workers of facility No. 550 in norms according to Annex No.4 and ration of letter “A” for leading and scientific workers, of letter “B” for other workers;
b) allocation to facility No. 550 beginning from June 1946 of 50 food-stuffs limits 300 rubles each monthly and 50 goods limits 750 each quarterly in addition to those allocated for scientific workers.
14. That 50 personal payments up to 3000 rubles for KB-11 be established.
15. That the following mechanism of provision and funding of KB-11 of USSR Academy of Sciences Laboratory No. 2 be established:
a) all KB-11 provision and funding should be through the First Main Directorate of the USSR Council of Ministers by requests of Cde. Zernov;
b) funding of all KB-11 works should be through the First Main Directorate of the USSR Council of Ministers. The financial accounting for KB-1 should be submitted only personally to Chief of the First Main Directorate. The same person is authorized
to approve estimated costs and actual ex- nexes Nos. 5 and 6 to secure spreading the penditures for KB-11;
first phase works of KB-11; c) authorize Chief of the First Main b) allocation of needed materials and Directorate of the USSR Council of Minis- equipment additionally to KB-11 in Juneters and Chief of KB-11 to have a group of July 1946 from the First Main Directorate workers up to 5 persons at the First Main Directorate of the USSR Council of Minis- 21. That Cde. Akopov, Minister of Auters for preparation of requests and realiza- tomobile Industry, be charged with shipment tion of KB-11 material supply funds. of 25 motor vehicles in June 1946 in accor
16. That KB-11 (Cde. Zernov) be em- dance with the distribution list of Cde. powered to arrange their library at Design Zernov P.M. from the Mobilization Reserve bureau which should be later on referred to of the First Main Directorate of the USSR as Library No. 11.
Council of Ministers provided for the MoIn order to provide this:
bilization Reserve pursuant to Order of the a) charge RSFSR OGIZ (Cde. Yudin) USSR Council of Ministers of 23 March with inclusion of Library No. 11 into the 1946 No. 3881-rs, including: list for receiving of an obligatory paid copy 8 motor vehicles ZIS-58 motor veof literature on physics, chemistry, math- hicles GAZ-AA2 motor vehicles GAZ-517 ematics, and fiction;
motor vehicles GAZ-67 and b) charge Committee on Cultural and in July 1946 8 motor vehicles at the Educational Establishments Affairs of expense of the funds “for special expendiUSSR Council of Ministers (Mr. Zuyev) tures” for the First Main Directorate of the with allocation by 1 August 1946 of litera- USSR Council of Ministers, including: ture from the State Stock for Library No. 11 2 motor vehicles ZIS-52 motor vecomposed of up to 5000 books on physics, hicles ZIS-421 motor vehicle “sanitary” chemistry, engineering, and mathematics 3 motor vehicles M-11-73. and organization of a movable technical and 22. That the First Main Directorate of fiction library by request of Mr. Zernov; the USSR Council of Ministers be empow
c) allocate 5000 dollars additionally for ered to have additional fuel expenditures years 1946-1947 to the First Main Direc- beginning from June 1946: limit-free for torate of USSR Council of Ministers for sub- three cars; for 12 M-11-73 make cars 800 scription of books, journals, and magazines liters each; for four cars 600 liters each; and for Library No. 11.
for four cars 400 liters each, of these three 17. That Cdes. Kuznetsov A. A. (con- limit-free cars, four cars 800 liters each and vocation), Vannikov, Zernov be entrusted three cars 600 liters each should be at diswith selection of staff for Design Bureau No. posal of Cde. Zernov P.M. 11 within one month.
23. That the USSR Ministry of Inter18. That in July 1946 by direction of nal Affairs (Cde. Kruglov) be obligated to the First Main Directorate of the USSR establish telephone communication “HF” Council of Ministers equipment, instru- with Building No. 860 and KB-11. ments and devices according to Annex No. 24. That the USSR Ministry of Textile 5 be allocated and shipped, the delivery be- Industry (Cde. Sedin) be obligated to deliver ing in the order established by Resolution the following by the distribution list of Cde. of USSR Council of Ministers of 9 April Zernov P.M. in July 1946: 1.2 thousand 1946 No. 806-328ss.
meters of strips of carpet, 1000 meters of 19. That materials and equipment to the silk cloth; 1000 meters of chevron; 150 First Main Directorate of the USSR Coun- meters of woolen cloth at the expense of the cil of Ministers, according to Annex No. 6, funds of the First Main Directorate of USSR be allocated at the expense of the First Main Council of Ministers for quarter III, 1946. Directorate Mobilization Reserve provided 25. That Main Directorate of Civil Air for pursuant to USSR Council of Ministers Fleet (Mr. Astakhov) be obligated to allot Order of 23 March 1946 No. 3881-rs. the aircraft SI-47 and two aircraft PO-2 to
20. That Chief of the First Main Di- Cde. Zernov P.M. to make missions by directorate of USSR Council of Ministers rection of Zernov P.M. (Cde. Vannikov) be charged with:
26. That Ministry of Transport (Cde. a) forwarding the equipment, instru- Kovalev) be obligated to allot one special ments, materials and devices stated in An- car to USSR Academy of Sciences Labora