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Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)
tion. 41.17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, 2) The preparation of pilots for two SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via regiments of jet planes and one regiment of THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET Zakharov
bombers from among the 119 pilots of the ARMY
Korean People's Army who are being trained CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 26998
CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 5708 on the territory of the Soviet Union. Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, BEIJING
3) The dispatch to the Soviet Union of Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, To Comrade Zakharov
120 men for the preparation of aviation techKhrushchev
For Comrade Zhou Enlai
nicians and 30 crew members for attack From Beijing Received 20 hours 45 minutes I received the telegram with the request planes which we ourselves are not in a posi17.11.1950 for urgent delivery of 500 automobiles. Your
tion to prepare. EXTREMELY URGENT T request will be satisfied by us. In order to 4) By January 1 to send an additional To Comrade FILIPPOV [Stalin] speed up the transfer of the automobiles to 170 Korean pilots to the Soviet Union for
According to a report from Peng Dehuai you, having in mind to give you new automo- flight training, who will have completed theoand Gao Gang, we have an insufficient num- biles, orders have been given to our military retical preparation by that time. ber of automobiles engaged in transport to command not to give you old automobiles I hope that you, comrade STALIN, will the rear, enemy planes are inflicting losses from Port Arthur, but to send new automo- assist us in the resolution of these questions. on autotransport, and also it is not possible to biles to the Manchuria [railway) station and ,
With respect KIM IL SUNG ensure the supply of local human and mate- to transfer 140 automobiles to Chinese repre- 16.11.50" rial resources, food supply and winter cloth- sentatives on 20 November and 355 automo- No. 15 T. SHTYKOV ing cannot be secured in time and the troops biles on 25-26 November.
17.11.50 are experiencing hunger and cold.
We will speed up the shipment of the Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, A new operation will begin soon. Rail- remaining automobiles and another 1,000 Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, road bridges across the Yalu are subjected to automobiles will arrive at the Manchurian Khrushchev, Sokolovsky, Shtemenko, bombardment by enemy planes every day. station before 5 December.
Gromyko, file of 8th Dept. of General Staff The river is beginning to freeze, and it is
of Armed Forces not possible to build submerged bridges and 17 November 1950 pontoons. Therefore until such time as the
[Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, river is frozen, so that automobiles can cross [Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, Listy 88-89 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis the ice, we must in the next 8-9 days transport List 124]
5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 180-181] at an extraordinary speed food stuffs, winter gear and ammunition. If we do not, it will 42. 17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, 43.20 November 1950, ciphered telegram, have an influence on the next stage of the Shtykov to Gromyko transmitting 16 No- Fyn Si (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov) fulfillment of the operation.
vember 1950 message from Kim Il Sung to In view of this, besides the mobilization Stalin
8th Department of the General Staff of the of all automobiles in Manchuria that could
Armed Forces USSR be mobilized on the front, we can mobilize a CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 600742/III CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 75835 maximum of 200 automobiles from North- From CORRESPONDENT 13 Sent 17.11.50
To Comrade SHTYKOV ern China and immediately send them to the Received 18.11 4:03-19:35
for Comrade KIM IL SUNG front to relieve the difficult situation. Sent to 8th Department of the General Staff I have received your telegram about the
Iearnestly ask you to give a command to of the Armed Forces USSR 18.114:20-19:50 preparation of pilot cadres after a delay which the commander of the Soviet Army on the
was the fault of the Soviet apparatus. Liaodong peninsula about the transfer of 500
In the opinion of our military this quesautomobiles for our army. These 500 auto- To Comrade GROMYKO
tion is more expediently resolved in the folmobiles will be reimbursed on the account of I transmit a note I received from the lowing manner: the portion which you promised to send from Korean government with the following con- 1. To organize the preparation of 20025.11 to 25.12, numbering 3,000 automo- tents:
300 pilots from Korean students, in the flight biles.
“TO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE school already existing in YANTSZY on the Can you satisfy my request? I await COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE USSR territory of MANCHURIA. An additional your swift reply.
Comrade STALIN I.V.
contingent of Soviet instructors will be given With bolshevik greetings.
For preparation of pilot cadres needed for this.
for the forthcoming offensive operations 2. The preparation of pilots for two jet No. 2933
against the American troops I ask you, Com- fighter regiments can be organized at one of 17.11 10:00 rade STALIN, to allow:
our jet divisions of MIG-15's located in
1) The preparation of 200-300 pilots on MANCHURIA. After the preparation of the (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 335, the territory of the Soviet Union from among
the territory of the Soviet Union from among pilots, the appropriate number of MIG-15 Listy 122-123]
Korean students sent to the USSR for educa- planes will be delivered.
With regard to the preparation of pilots [Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, 802. for one bomber regiment, it is more conve- List 94 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 5a, To confirm the draft orders to Comrade nient to prepare them in the Korean school Delo 3, Papka 11, List 182]
Vyshinsky (attachment 1) and to Comrade we have in the Far East Maritime Region.
Roshchin (attachment 2). The materiel, TU-2 planes for the bomber 45. 1 December 1950, ciphered telegram,
TOP SECRET regiment, will also be given. Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong
Attachment 1 3. We agree to accept an additional 120
to p.167(op) pr. PB No. 79 men in the Korean pilot school that we have CIPHERED TELEGRAM
New York in the Far East Maritime Region, to train BEIJING - SOVIET AMBASSADOR To Vyshinsky them as technicians and crew for attack To transmit to Comrade MAO ZEDONG 802. We are answering point by point. planes.
Comrade MAO ZEDONG!
Regarding point one. We agree with 4. It is better that the Korean pilots I received your telegram No. 3153. your proposal. However, you should not receive flight training in the place where I thank you for the information about the make the stipulations you proposed, that the they will study, i.e. in MANCHURIA or in state of affairs in China, in connection with Assembly has the right to review a question our Maritime Region.
the successful offensive of the Chinese of aggression if the Security Council turns If you agree with these proposals, corre- People's Liberation Army in Korea.
out not to be in a condition to fulfill its sponding orders will be given to our military Your successes gladden not only me and obligation regarding supporting peace. Such command.
my comrades in the leadership, but also all a stipulation would mean that we recognize FYN SI (Stalin).
Soviet people. Allow me to greet from the as having legal force the resolution of NoNo. 4/7556
soul you and your friends in the leadership, vember 3, which the Soviet delegation de20 November 1950
the People's Liberation Army of China and clared unlawful, as a contradiction of the UN Copies: Bulganin, Shtemenko, Stalin. the entire Chinese people in connection with Charter.
these enormous successes in their struggle Regarding point two. We agree with [Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 347, against the American troops.
your proposal. As for the invitation to a Listy 90-91 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis I have no doubt that in the war against the representative of the Chinese People's Re5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 165-166] up-to-date and well-armed American army public to participate in the discussion of this
the Chinese army will receive great experi- question in the General Assembly, do not 44. 22 November 1950, ciphered telegram, ence in contemporary warfare and will turn introduce a proposal about the invitation Kim Il Sung to Fyn Si (Stalin) via Shtykov itself into a fully up-to-date, well-armed, before you receive from us an additional
formidable army, just as the Soviet Army in order, which we will give after the governCIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 600782/sh the struggle with the first-class-armed Ger- ment of the PRC makes it clear whether it From CORRESPONDENT No. 18 Sent man army received experience in contempo- considers it advisable for its representative to 22.11.50 6:30 Received 22.11 9:55 rary warfare and turned into an up-to-date participate in the discussion of this question Sent to 8th Department of General Staff of well-equipped army.
in the General Assembly. Armed Forces 22.11 10:02
I wish you further successes.
Regarding point three. We agree with By telegram
By order of Instantsiia [i.e., Stalin).
TOP SECRET ing contents:
Attachment 2 “ “To Comrade FYN SI 46. 5 December 1950, VKP(b) CC Polit
to p.167(op) pr.PB No. 79 I received your telegram of 20.11.50 buro decision with approved orders to Peking about the preparation of pilot cadres. We Vyshinsky in New York and Roshchin in Soviet Ambassador fully agree with your opinions. Beijing (with message for Zhou Enlai)
Urgently visit Zhou Enlai and commuAccept, Comrade FYN SI, our deepest
nicate to him the following. gratitude for your tireless assistance to the ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY According to the report of Comrade Korean people in its struggle for its indepen- (bolsheviks), CENTRAL COMMITTEE Vyshinsky, the Americans will introduce dence.
No. P79/167 To Malenkov, into discussion at the (UN General] AssemYours truly - KIM IL SUNG 21.11.50" Molotov, Gromyko
bly a question under the heading “The InterSHTYKOV December 1950
vention in Korea of the Central People's No. 35
Excerpt from protocol No. 79 of the Government of the Chinese People's RepubCopies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, meeting of Politburo CC
lic." Beria, Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, VKP(b) (Central Committee, All-Union Com- The Soviet delegation will express opKhrushchev, Vasilevsky, Shtemenko, File munist Party (bolshevik)]
position to the inclusion of this question on of 8th Department
Decision of 5 December 1950 the agenda. If it nonetheless is included, the 167.- Telegram of Comrade Vyshinsky No. Soviet Government needs to know the opin
ion of the government of the Chinese People's Lie:
of the Politburo CC VKP(b) (Central ComRepublic—whether it considers it advisable “Military operations in Korea will be mittee, All-Union Communist Party for its representative to participate in the ended under the following conditions: (bol'shevik)] discussion of the question raised by the 1. The withdrawal of all foreign troops
Decision of 7 December 1950. Americans in the General Assembly. If from Korea.
189. Telegram of Comrade Vyshinsky No. Zhou Enlai asks what the point of view of the 2. The withdrawal of American troops 825. Soviet Government is on this question, you from the Taiwan strait and from the territory To confirm the proposed draft order to should answer that in this case, as well as in of Taiwan.
Comrade Vyshinsky. the case of the discussion of MacArthur's 3. The Korean question must be re
SECRETARY CC report in the Security Council, the Soviet solved by the Korean people themselves.
to p.189(op) pr.PB No. 79 Government considers it more advisable that 4. The participation of a representative New York the Chinese government not take part in the of the Chinese people's republic in the UN To Vyshinsky discussion of this question in the General and the exclusion from the UN of a represen- No. 825. Your proposal about the cessaAssembly.
tative of Jiang Jieshi [Chiang Kai-shek]. tion of military activity in Korea we consider Telegraph the results.
5. Convening a conference of the minis- incorrect in the present situation, when AmeriA. Gromyko
ters of foreign affairs of the four great powers can troops are suffering defeat and when the
for the preparation of a peace treaty with Americans more and more often are advanc(Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 828, Japan.
ing a proposal about a cessation of military Listy 19-21 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis 6. If the five aforementioned conditions operations in Korea, in order to win time and 5a, Delo 4, Papka 11, Listy 4-6]
for the cessation of military operations are prevent the complete defeat of the American
accepted, the five great powers can send their troops. 47. 7 December 1950, ciphered telegram representatives to convene a conference for The draft of the Soviet delegation should from Roshchin conveying message from signing the conditions of an armistice.” include the following: Zhou Enlai to Soviet Government
Zhou Enlai transmitted the enumerated 1. The immediate withdrawal of all forconditions in written form.
eign troops from Korea. CIPHERED TELEGRAM
Further, Zhou stated that before sending 2. The resolution of the Korean question Copying Prohibited
the present conditions for cessation of mili- must be left to the Korean people themCopies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, tary operations in Korea, the Chinese gov- selves. Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, ernment wishes that Wu Xiu-quan consult The text of your preamble does not elicit Khrushchev, Vyshinsky, Gromyko, Copy. with the government of the USSR and asks objections. From Beijing No. 35379 6 hours 55 minutes the Soviet government to express its opinion By order of Instantsiia [i.e., Stalin). 7/XII 1950 on this question.
Zhou Enlai earnestly asked [me] to trans-
mit to the Soviet government that the Chi- [Source: APRF, Fond 3, Opis 65, Delo 828,
nese government wishes to receive an an- Listy 23-24 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis SPECIAL swer today.
5a, Delo 5, Papka 11, Listy 7-8] On December 7 at 3:00 Beijing time I stated to Zhou Enlai that what was Zhou Enlai invited me to his [office) and communicated by him: the report, the condi- 49. 7 December 1950, ciphered telegram, transmitted the following in the name of the tions for ceasefire in Korea and the request Gromyko to Roshchin transmitting mesChinese government:
for an answer will be immediately brought sage from Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai At Lake Success representatives from before the government of the USSR. India, England, Sweden and the general sec
MID USSR No. 23343 retary of the UN Trygve Lie have recently
Tenth department Received 19 hours 10 minappealed several times to the representative [Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 336, utes 7/XII.1950 of the Chinese people's republic [General] Listy 17-19 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis Dispatched 20 hours 40 minutes Wu Xiu-quan asking under what conditions 5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 193-195] 7/XII.1950 it is possible to end the military operations in
Special No. 1691,1692 Korea.
48. 7 December 1950, VKP(b) CC Polit- CIPHERED TELEGRAM Their aspirations are to hold the position buro decision with approved message to To BEIJING To SOVIET AMBASSAin Korea at the 38th parallel. Vyshinsky in New York
DOR Not wishing to put ourselves in a disad
SPECIAL FILE vantageous position and having the goal of ALL-UNION COMMUNIST PARTY
TOP PRIORITY holding the initiative in our hands and also (bolsheviks), CENTRAL COMMITTEE 2522. Immediately visit Zhou Enlai and showing assertiveness on this question, the No. P79/189 Copies to Malenkov, transmit to him the following: government of the Chinese people's republic Molotov, Gromyko.
“We completely agree with your condiintends to give the following instruction to 7 December 1950.
tions for a ceasefire in Korea. We consider Wu Xiu-quan for answering the representa- Excerpt from protocol No. 79 of the meeting that without the satisfaction of these condi
tions military activity cannot be ceased. In SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF Kimpo airport and control the port of addition, we consider that you should not be THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET Chemul'po, but this will create more advantoo open and show all your cards too early ARMY
tageous conditions for the preparation of our before the representatives of the three states,
troops for a spring offensive. who, frankly speaking, are spies of the USA. Copies: Stalin (2)
In order to achieve the aforementioned We think that the time has not arrived for From BEIJING Received 02 hours, 40 min- goals the following plan has been worked China to show all its cards, while Seoul is utes 8.1.1951 still not liberated. Moreover, the USA could
EXTREMELY URGENT T. a) To leave 1 division of 1st corps of the use China's five conditions to box us on the
TO FILIPPOV [Stalin). People's Army for garrison duty in the city of ear by [making) a UN resolution. It is not I send you a copy of the telegram to Seoul. necessary to give this advantage to the USA. Comrade Kim Il Sung from Comrades Peng The main forces of the corps will be
We therefore think that it is possible at Dehuai, Kim Son and Pak II U, sent 24:00 4.1 deployed in the area of Toto, Tok-heiri, the present time to limit oneself to the fol- [January 4].
Dzinsori, Mokudo. lowing:
I ask you to familiarize yourself with it: After rest and regrouping, in three days 1. The Chinese Central People's Gov- “To Premier Comrade Kim Il Sung. We they must prepare to make a forced crossing ernment along with you, gentlemen del- are simultaneously sending a copy to the of the Kanko river and at the appropriate egates of England, Sweden, India would commanders of the corps and army Com- moment occupy the Kimpo airport, welcome the soonest possible conclusion of rades Hun Xianchu, Wu Ruilin, Chzhou Biao, Chemul’po port and consolidate themselves the military actions in Korea. China is Pan Khe-som and to the commander of the 1st there. applying all its strength in order to conclude Corps NRVS and to the staff of the Northeast. b) Troops of the left column as before quickly the military activity forced on Korea 1. Today (4 January) the 116th infantry are under the unified command of Khan' and China.
division and a unit of troops from the 117th Sian’-chu. 2. Therefore, we would like to know the infantry division occupied the city of Seoul. The 50th army will continue to advance opinion of the UN and the USA with regard Enemy troops defending Seoul withdrew to in the direction of Kosainairi, Kando, Kiriudo to conditions for an armistice. As far as we the south bank of the Kanko river. The city of and the area to the northwest of these points. know, you have not been commissioned by Siumsen was also taken on 3 January by units It will send out immediately a strong detachthe UN or the USA to discuss with anyone of our 66th army.
ment to control the bridge across the Kanko the conditions for an armistice. Moreover, The enemy withdrew to the area of Kosen river (by a counterattack attempt to occupy the delegation from England together with and to areas further south.
the fortification before the bridge on the the delegation from the USA, France, Nor- It is supposed that the next attempt by south bank of the Kanko river). This detachway, Ecuador and Cuba already introduced enemy troops will be the defense of the river, ment will find out what the situation is, make into the First Committee [of the General which is beginning in the area of Chemul’po active preparations for a forced crossing of Assembly) of the UN a resolution condemn- [Inchon), Kimpo, lokhei, and is going on ]
the Kanko river, attack the enemy on the ing China, thereby hindering the matter of a along the south bank of the Kanko river, south bank and continue to carry out the settlement of the Korean question. through Gensiu, Seikheisio to Korio.
battle in cooperation with the main forces. 3. In view of this we will eagerly await It is possible that the enemy, regrouping If the enemy continues to withdraw to the opinion of the UN and USA about the behind the natural barriers, like the Kanko the south, then it is necessary, while pursuing conditions for a cessation of military actions river and the mountainous areas, will gather him, to occupy Suigen and to wait for further in Korea.
the remnants of its forces, gain time and make orders.
The line of delimitation between the
Another possibility is that, in case of 50th army and the 1st corps of the People's GROMYKO.
further more powerful strikes by our troops, Army runs through Kokusekiri, Riuzan, 7/XII-50
the enemy will withdraw to the south. Kasaivairi. The line itself and the areas to the Copies: Stalin, Molotov, Malenkov, 2. If we give the enemy the possibility to west of it belong to the 50th army, the areas Bulganin, Vyshinsky, 10th Department, continue to occupy defensive positions along to the east of this line belong to the 1st corps. Copy
the south bank of the river Kanko, to control The 38th, 39th and 40th armies will put
the airport at Kimpo and to use the port at themselves in order, rest for three days (until (Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 336, Chemul’po for supply, then although Seoul 7.1 inclusive) and prepare for a forced crossListy 20-21 and AVPRF, Fond 059a, Opis will be in our hands, it will be under constant ing of the Khokukan-ko river above and 5a, Delo 3, Papka 11, Listy 196-197] threat from enemy air force and artillery, below Seisen. They will first strike the
which will be extremely disadvantageous for enemy in the area of luokhei, after which 50. 8 January 1951, ciphered telegram, preparing our troops for a spring offensive. they will develop an offensive along a line Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) trans- If, in the presence of success, our troops from the southeast to the northwest on the mitting 4 January 1951 message from make one more effort and destroy another enemy positions in the area of Risen, Kosiu, Peng Dehuai, Kim Son, and Pak II U to unit of enemy troops and force the enemy to U
Suien, Eitokho. Kim II Sung
retreat from the south bank of the Kanko A detailed plan is being worked out by river, then we not only will be able to take the Comrade Hun Xianchu.
c) The 42nd and 66th armies under the Zakharov to Filippov (Stalin)
CIPHERED TELEGRAM unified command of Wu Ruilin and Chzhou
Copies: Stalin (2), Molotov, Malenkov, Beria, Biao, and also the 2nd and 5th corps of the SECOND MAIN ADMINISTRATION OF Mikoyan, Kaganovich, Bulganin, People's Army under the unified command THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE SOVIET Khrushchev, Vyshinsky, Copy. of Pan Kho-Son, in accordance with the joint ARMY
From BEIJING No. 1309 20 hours 05 forces plan established earlier, must destroy CIPHERED TELEGRAM No. 15451 minutes, 13.1.1951 the enemy troops in the region of Kosen, Copies: Stalin (2)
Special No. 62 Odzio, and afterwards await further orders. From BEIJING Received 00 hours 50 min
SPECIAL All the aforementioned troops must send utes 13.1.51
TOP PRIORITY spies and outposts toward the enemy troops
Your order No. 48 has been fulfilled. located in front of the frontline.
To Comrade FILIPPOV [Stalin] Zhou Enlai asked to give great thanks to When the troops of the right column I report - your ciphered telegram of 11.1 comrade Filippov for the advice and consulbegin a new offensive these units must be of this year to MAO ZEDONG was handed tation. Further he stated that the Korean ready to render assistance. Peng Dehuai, to ZHOU ENLAI at 23 hours local time 12.1. comrades will be informed. In addition, Mao Kim Son, Pak Il U. 24:00 4.1.”
Zedong sent a telegram to Kim Il Sung and With bolshevik greetings.
Peng Dehuai with a request to come to Beijing
for a short time to discuss a number of No. 103
questions. During their time in Beijing Mao 7.1.51.
[Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 336, Zedong will also talk over with Kim Il Sung List 121]
the questions touched on in the memoran[Source: APRF, Fond 45, Opis 1, Delo 336,
dum. Listy 88-90] 52. 13 January 1951, ciphered telegram,
13.1.51 ROSHCHIN Roshchin to USSR Foreign Ministry
Spravka: no. 48 (from no. 837) of Jan 51. 13 January 1951, ciphered telegram,
13, 1950. Vyshinsky proposed to visit Zhou
of this year.