Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe

封面
JHU Press, 1996年8月16日 - 504 頁

Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world, nondemocratic regimes can be eroded and democratic regimes crafted. In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, they break new ground in numerous areas. They reconceptualize the major types of modern nondemocratic regimes and point out for each type the available paths to democratic transition and the tasks of democratic consolidation. They argue that, although "nation-state" and "democracy" often have conflicting logics, multiple and complementary political identities are feasible under a common roof of state-guaranteed rights. They also illustrate how, without an effective state, there can be neither effective citizenship nor successful privatization. Further, they provide criteria and evidence for politicians and scholars alike to distinguish between democratic consolidation and pseudo-democratization, and they present conceptually driven survey data for the fourteen countries studied.

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic theory.

 

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內容

Preface and Acknowledgments
Democracy and Its Arenas
Stateness Nationalism and Democratization
Tasks
PART
ii
País VascoNavarra before and after the 1979 Referendum
ii
Portugal 1985
ii
PART
iii
Authoritarian Communism Ethical Civil Society and Ambivalent Political
xxiii
Political Society in Consolidated Democracy
xxxv
versus the Four Consolidated Democracies of Uruguay Spain Portugal
xlvii
Hungary Czechoslovakia Bulgaria
lv
Was Your Opinion at the Time about the Most Important Lessons to
lxxxi
The USSR and Russia
cxvi
Estonia
cxlvi
Russian Speaking in the Two Baltic Republics When They Were Part
cliv

Region and Respondents Ideological Selfidentification December
iii
Brazil
iii
Anniversary of Democratic Rule under Freely Elected Presidents
iii
the Southern Cone of South America in 1995
iii
PART
iv
respondents own country?
xiv
Concluding Comparative Reflections
clxxv
Responses
clxxxi
and to the Political Regime in the Communist System the Current
clxxxiv
Index
cxcvi
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關於作者 (1996)

Juan J. Linz is Sterling Professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University. Alfred Stepan, the first rector and president of the Central European University, is Gladstone Professor of Government and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford University.

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