Marxism at Work: Ideology, Class and French Socialism During the Third Republic

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Cambridge University Press, 2002年5月2日 - 536 頁
Despite a century of debate and criticism, Marxism as a mass ideological practice has remained an elusive topic. This book examines Marxist socialism as a mode of understanding and self-understanding treasured and transmitted by thousands of anonymous militants. It focuses on the Parti Ouvrier Francais, the "Guesdists," an archetypal movement of Marxism's "Golden Age" before World War I, the period when Marxist socialism evolved from sect to mass movement. Thousands of French socialists adopted Marxism due to the effectiveness of vulgar Guesdist polemic rather than Marx's profound theoretical works, and entire communities were converted to an austere but messianic socialism that still affects French politics today. This book traces the doctrine's birth through conflict with liberals, proto-fascists, and anarchists; its "making" of a working class, and its attempted seduction of the middle class; and its confusion before the alternative social visions of the Catholic devout, racist nationalists, and feminists.

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Ideology history and the study of Marxism
3
The Parti Ouvrier Français its history and historiography
20
The axioms of class war class class consciousness and class conflict
55
The making of the French working class
95
The capitalist mode of production and proletarianisation
97
Unmaking the working class lumpenproletarians and labour aristocrats
127
A class for itself trade unions cooperatives and the labour movement
180
The bourgeois state versus the proletarian party
223
VampireCapital Marxists indict the bourgeoisie
297
Shopkeepers and artisans the Guesdists and the petite bourgeoisie
350
Aristocrats peasants and labourers Marxism and rural society
388
Sales clerks and savants Marxists encounter the new middle class
424
The proletarian revolution from pauperisation to Utopia
459
Conclusion
492
Bibliographical note
503
Index
509

Reform and revolution
252
History and class conflict
295

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