Marco Polo's Journey to China. 2nd Edition
Twenty-First Century Books, 2013年1月1日 - 132 頁
Can one book really change the world? A handwritten manuscript by Marco Polo in 1288 did. Polo, son of a wealthy Italian merchant, wrote about his incredible experiences traveling to China with his father and uncle on a trade expedition, and also about his adventures as an envoy of Kublai Khan, the ruler of most of China. Polo’s book became a bestseller in Europe in the fourteenth century. It was copied over and over by hand, translated into fourteen languages, and became one of the first books to be printed after the invention of moveable type. The tales inspired others—including Christopher Columbus in the fifteenth century—to seek new sea routes for trade. Polo’s adventures—and manuscript—are one of world history’s most pivotal moments.
... the passageway between the Mediterranean and the Black seas, half in Europe, half in Asia. Its navy dominated both seas. Venetians elected their own leader, called a doge, but his official role was to represent the Byzantine Empire.
In the mid-eleventh century, the doge's private chapel was torn down to make way for a much grander church with five domes. The new church, the Basilica San Marco—Saint Mark's Cathedral—contained the remains of the Christian apostle ...
... doge at the time, was old and blind, but he saw a golden opportunity for Venice. He named a very low price and even offered to protect the convoy with 9 10 fifty Venetian war galleys—free of charge. He had only.
... the Venetians placed them in a museum inside the Basilica san Marco. the horses that now prance atop the entrance to the Basilica san Marco are copies. 11 12 the nobles, including the doge himself, engaged in commerce.
12 the nobles, including the doge himself, engaged in commerce. Commoners and priests also invested in trading ventures. Men willing to do the traveling and negotiating did not need to put up any cash. If the journey was successful, ...
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