Portraits of "primitives": Ordering Human Kinds in the Chinese Nation

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2001 - 235 頁
Ethnicity is a highly politicized issue in contemporary China. Twentieth-century nation-building has been intimately involved with classification of ChinaOs fifty-five ethnic minorities and with fostering harmony and unity among nationalities. Officially sanctioned social science classifies the majority group, the so-called Han, at the pinnacle of modernization and civilization and most other groups as Oprimitive.O In post-socialist China, popular conceptions of self, person, and nation intersect with political and scholarly concerns with identity, sometimes contradicting them and sometimes reinforcing them. In Portraits of OPrimitives, O Susan D. Blum explores how Han in the city of Kunming, in southwest China, regard ethnic minorities and, by extension, themselves. She sketches Oportraits, O or cognitive prototypes, of ethnic groups in a variety of contexts, explaining the perceived visibility of each group (which almost never correlates with size of population). Ideas of OHannessO can be understood in part through Han desire to identify unique characteristics in ethnic minorities and also through Han celebration of the differences that distance minorities. The book considers questions of identity, alterity, and self in the context of a complex nation-state, employing methods from linguistic anthropology and psychological anthropology, as well as other forms of cultural analysis. Providing nuanced views of relationships among political, scholarly, and popular models of identity, this book will be an invaluable guide for those working in China studies, anthropology, and ethnic studies.

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內容

FIELDWORK IN KUNMING COGNITIVE AND LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGICAL APPROACHES
17
DESIRE FOR DIFFERENCE COGNITIVE PROTOTYPES OF ETHNIC IDENTITY
49
CHINAS MINORITIES THROUGH HAN EYES A PRELIMINARY SKETCH
67
PROTOTYPES OF OTHERNESS
101
THE FETISHIZED ETHNIC OTHER THE DAI
103
RESISTANT DISLIKED ETHNIC OTHERS WA ZANG AND HUI
121
COLORFUL HARMLESS ETHNIC OTHERS NAXI AND YI
143
ALMOST US THE BAI NEXT DOOR
165
TYPIFICATION AND IDENTITY IN A COMPLEX NATIONSTATE
175
NOTES
183
GLOSSARY OF SELECTED CHINESE CHARACTERS
195
BIBLIOGRAPHY
205
INDEX
227
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
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關於作者 (2001)

Susan D. Blum is associate professsor of anthropology at the University of Notre Dame.

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