Unequal Partners in Peace and War: The Republic of Korea and the United States, 1948-1953

Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - 322 頁
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The United States and the Republic of Korea have managed to forge a strong working relationship both in wartime and in peacetime, despite an inequality in power between them, through fulfillment of their respective responsibilities. Chay explores how Korean and American actions and inaction affected relations between the two and within the international context of the Korean War. He focuses on how and why war might have been avoided or resolved differently as a result of poor choices and missed opportunities. Using Korean sources, as well as Chinese and Russian materials, this study provides valuable new insights into the relationship between these two unequal powers.

The course of the Korean War swung like a pendulum powered by two outside interventions: that of the United States, made largely due to the symbolic value of Korea; and that of China, an action taken mainly for security reasons. Chay identifies key actions, including the division of Korea along the 38th Parallel, the 1949 troop withdrawal, and the failure to build an adequate military and economic deterrent in the South, as events that, had they not occurred, might have influenced the final outcome of the conflict. Restraint on the part of the United States and China and the role of the Korean peninsula as a geographic buffer zone ultimately prevented either side from gaining control of the entire peninsula, resulting in a stalemate. While issues of relative strength and weakness hindered U.S.-Korean cooperation after the end of the Second World War, once war came to the region the two powers built a successful partnership that addressed the national interests of both parties.


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Korea and the United States before the Second World War
The TwoNation Relationship during the Second World War
US Military Occupation of South Korea
Establishment of the Republic of Korea
The Policies of the Two Republics
The US Troop Withdrawal Issue
Economic and Military Aid
The Four Episodes
The War
Wartime Diplomacy
Armistice Negotiations
Korean Reaction and the Armistice
Aid Diplomacy and Korean Domestic Politics

The Nature of and Responsibility for the Outbreak of the War



第 287 頁 - Each Party recognizes that an armed attack in the Pacific area on any of the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and declares that it would act to meet the common danger in accordance with its constitutional processes.
第 49 頁 - In this moment of liberation we are mindful of the difficult tasks which lie ahead. The building of a great nation has now begun with the assistance of the United States, China, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, who are agreed that Korea shall become free and independent.
第 51 頁 - the US occupation of Korea under present conditions and policies, is surely drifting to the edge of a politicaleconomic abyss from which it can never be retrieved with any credit to the United States
第 82 頁 - Yet in this hour, as the forces of righteousness advance, the triumph is dulled by one of the great tragedies of contemporary history — an artificial barrier has divided your land. This barrier must and will be torn down.


關於作者 (2002)

JONGSUK CHAY is Professor of History Emeritus at the University of North Carolina, Pembroke.