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according Akkal Amir ancient Arabs army attack attempt authority Balkh became Bokhārā brother brought Caliph called capital carried Caspian cause Central Asia century chief Chingiz close command conquest Daryā death defeated died dynasty east Eastern empire entered fell force formed frontier give given governor hands head held importance India influence inhabitants Khān Khānate Khiva Khorāsān king known Kutayba latter marched master means Merv miles military Mohammad Mohammedan Mongols mountain oasis once Oxus passed peace Persian population possession present prince province railway reached received reign remained rendered returned river rule Russian Samarkand says sent Shāh side soon strong succeeded successful Sultan Tabari Tekkes territory throne took town Transoxiana tribes troops Turkestān Turkoman Turks turned Uzbegs Vambéry whole
第 38 頁 - The condition was accepted; the prize was deserved; the standard of Mahomet was planted on the walls of Herat, Merou, and Balch; and the successful leader neither halted nor reposed till his foaming cavalry had tasted the waters of the Oxus.
第 103 頁 - Naranjan hastened to carry provisions and clothing to the strangers; the lady was conducted to the wild chief's hut; and the barbarians were appeased. Of this marriage was born a son named Sicuiracha, who was destined to play an important part in the history of his country. When he was old enough to leave his mother he was entrusted to the care of the priests, to be instructed in all those things which it was necessary for a youth of his country to know. One of his principal duties was to kill game...
第 199 頁 - The throne itself was six feet long by four broad ; it stood on six massive feet, which, with the body, were of solid gold, inlaid with rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. It was surmounted by a canopy of gold supported by twelve pillars, all richly emblazoned with costly gems, and a fringe of pearls ornamented the borders of the canopy.
第 199 頁 - ... feet, which, with the body, were of solid gold, inlaid with rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. It was surmounted by a canopy of gold, supported by twelve pillars, all richly emblazoned with costly gems, and a fringe of pearls ornamented the borders of the canopy. Between the two peacocks stood the figure of a parrot of the ordinary size, said to have been carved out of a single emerald.
第 417 頁 - ... state to exercise a certain ascendancy over neighbours whose turbulence and nomad instincts render them difficult to live with. First, we have incursions and pillage to repress. In order to stop these we are compelled to reduce the tribes on our frontier to a more or less complete submission. Once this result is attained they become less troublesome, but in their turn they are exposed to the aggression of more distant tribes.
第 419 頁 - ... on the frontier. The cause of this instability lies, firstly, in the existence between the extremities of this double line of forts, of a vast unoccupied tract where the incursions of robber tribes continue to neutralise our attempts at colonisation and our caravan traffic. It is, in the second place, due to perpetual changes in the political aspect of the countries to the south of our border.
第 199 頁 - ... expanded, and the whole so inlaid with sapphires, rubies, emeralds, pearls and other precious stones of appropriate colors, as to represent life. The throne itself was six feet long by four feet broad. It stood on six massive feet, which, with the body, were of solid gold, inlaid with rubies, emeralds...
第 418 頁 - But beyond this line there are other tribes which soon provoke the same dangers, the same repression. The state then finds itself on the horns of a dilemma. It must abandon the incessant struggle and deliver its frontier over to disorder, which renders property, security, and civilisation impossible ; or it must plunge into the depths of savage countries, where the difficulties and sacrifices to which it is exposed increase with each step in advance.
第 425 頁 - Government that the assumption of sovereignty over alien nationalities must not be attempted without very serious deliberation, inasmuch as such become, on annexation, Russian subjects, children of the Tsar, and invested with every privilege enjoyed by citizens of the empire.
第 69 頁 - Abd el-Melik. On his accession Yezld ibn Muhallab effected his escape from prison, raised the 1 He directed that converts were to be exempt from all taxes, and placed on the same footing as the Arabs ; while unbelievers were to be taxed to the utmost. No churches, synagogues, or fire-temples were to be destroyed, but the erection of new ones was forbidden. Cf. Muir, Caliphate, p. 380. flag of revolt against the new Caliph, one of his bitterest enemies, and made himself master of Basra. The movement...