Action Theory: A Primer for Applied Research in the Social Sciences

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - 268 頁


The authors describe a view that our short-, medium-, and long- term behavior, interactions, and relationships--whether planned or spontaneous, purposeful or playful--can be understood in terms of goal-directed systems. An understanding of action theory and research methods used in applied settings is provided. It leads to the conclusion that individual processes are joint processes and the joint construction of lives should be monitored to understand ongoing personal and social involvements.

The unique contribution of this book lies in its bringing together and extending of basic features of the theory of goal-directed action systems previously published in a range of scattered research and conceptual articles in the literature. Professionals including clinicians, counselors, social workers, researchers, doctors, nurses, and physical or occupational therapists will find in this book an accessible means to understand, act on, research, and intervene in the behavioral processes they encounter in everyday work.

 

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內容

Action Problem Concept Explanation Method and Theory
xv
Issues of Explanation
4
Empirical Access to Behavior and Action
7
Theory of Action
16
Group Action
25
Project and Careeer
31
Summary
38
Research Procedures for Using Action Theory in Applied Research
41
Application of Action Theoretical Framework
139
The Joint Project of Making Sense of Marital Transitions
140
Examination of the Interactions of Parents and Children from Multiple Perspectives
142
Immediate Practical Implications of Action Theory Research
143
Conclusion
147
Stories of Attempted Suicide Suicide Career Suicide Project and Suicide Action
149
Method
151
Results
152

Accessing Data
45
Elements Functional Steps and Goals
48
Accessing Social Meaning in Naive or LayPerson Observation
58
Monitoring and Recording Internal Processes
62
Integrating the Three Methods
65
Analysis of Project and Career
66
Conducting Research
69
Criteria for Evaluating Adequacy
75
Action Theory Research
79
Notes
115
Application of Action Theory Research Reports
117
Empowerment Praxis and Action Theory in HealthPromotion Research
119
Theoretical Premises of Empowerment and Partnership
121
Family Conversation as HealthPromotion Action
124
The Research Studies
125
Research as Praxis
133
Note
134
The Reasoning of Parents and Children in Conversation about Marital Transitions
135
Childrens Reasoning about Marital Transitions
136
Discussion
163
Conceptual Considerations
165
Action Theoretical Perspective in Rehabilitation
169
The Rehabilitation Processes
170
A GoalDirected Organizational Framework
178
Action Theory
179
Some General Features of Rehabilitation
180
A Word of Caution on Dealing with Hierarchies
186
Some Methodological Issues in Analysis of System Processes in Rehabilitation
187
Action Systems in Rehabilitation Rehabilitative Processes and Rehabilitation Organization
188
Conclusion
190
Conclusion
195
The Family HealthPromotion Project Research Manual
199
References
227
Name Index
247
Subject Index
255
About the Authors and Contributors
263
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關於作者 (2002)

LADISLAV VALACH is Oberassistant of Psychology at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. He is also a psychotherapist at the Rehabilitation Centre of the Medical Clinic at Buerger Hospital in Solothurn, Switzerland.

RICHARD A. YOUNG is Professor of Counselling Psychology at the University of British Columbia. His earlier books include Interpreting Career: Hermeneutical Studies of Lives in Context (Praeger, 1992) and Methodological Approaches to the Study of Career (Praeger, 1990).

M. JUDITH LYNAM is Associate Professor of Nursing at the University of British Columbia. She is Co-Director of the School of Nursing Cultural Studies and Health Research Unit.

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