Eastern Destiny: Russia in Asia and the North Pacific

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996 - 273 頁


Eastern Destiny: Russia in Asia and the North Pacific is the history of a remarkable eastern expansion under tsars, emperors, and commissars. The narrative spans the period from the Mongol conquest in the 13th century to the Cold War of the 20th. An intense anxiety for security, owed in large part to the Mongol incursion, would impel the eastern Slavs relentlessly toward territorial aggrandizement. Over the centuries, the modest Grand Duchy of Moscow in Eastern Europe was so successful that it grew into the massive Russian Empire, whose lands stretched from the Holy Roman Empire in Central Europe to the edge of British power in the wilds of North America.

Eastern Destiny: Russia in Asia and the North Pacific is a saga of entrepreneurs pressing ever-eastward for the wealth of pelts, whether sable or sea otter. It features the arrival of the servants of the state who ensured control of these lands and negotiated--whether subtly or otherwise--with the nations of East Asia. Also chronicled are the voluntary release by treaty of Alaska and the northern Kurils, the humiliating temporary loss of southern Sakhalin and the ultimate dismemberment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Despite such losses, the Russian Federation still comprises the most expansive country on earth, most of whose territory is the result of Asian conquests dating back 400 years.

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內容

Geography A Colossal and Chilling Expanse
1
Early Russian Experiences with Asia and Asians
11
Ivan IV and Muscovite Drang nach Odten
23
Initial SinoMuscovite Contacts
37
Toward a Delineated SinoMuscovite Border
49
The Kiakhta System
57
Japan Kamchatka and the Kurils
69
Normalization of RussoJapanese Relations
79
Russian Railroads in Asia Arteries of Empire
147
Russia Korea and the SinoJapanese War
159
Russia Manchuria and the Boxer Rebellion
167
Korea and the RussoJapanese War
173
War Revolution and Reconquest
185
Mongolia The First Soviet Satellite
195
Russians the Chinese Eastern Railway and Sinkiang
201
The Soviet Union and Japan in the 1920s and 1930s
211

To the Farthest East The Rim of the North Pacific
91
Baranov California and Hawaii
99
Demise of the Russian American Company and Sale of Alaska
109
Living with the Kiakhta System
115
A New RussoChinese Border in the Far East
123
New Borders for Russia in Central Asia
137
World War II and Settlements
219
The USSR and the Asian Mainland during the Cold War
229
The USSR and the North Pacific during the Cold War
239
Suggested Reading List
247
Index
253
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第 235 頁 - About a hundred years ago, the area to the east of (Lake) Baikal became Russian territory, and since then Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Kamchatka, and other areas have been Soviet territory. We have not yet presented our account for this list.
第 172 頁 - Russia, both geographically and historically, has the undisputed right to the lion's share of the expected prey . . . the absorption by Russia of a considerable portion of the Chinese Empire is only a question of time . . .2 Soon fantastic projects began to arise around the railway.
第 172 頁 - China and our exceptionally favourable situation, the absorption by Russia of a considerable portion of the Chinese Empire is only a question of time, unless China succeeds in protecting herself. But our chief aim is to see that this absorption shall take place naturally, without precipitating events, without taking premature steps, without seizing territory...
第 104 頁 - British during the war of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain.
第 172 頁 - ... return from the Port Arthur Council. Kuropatkin advised that the Yalu concession be sold to foreigners that Russia might avoid the danger of further friction with Japan, while Witte, feeling that Russian action would soon bring the powers generally into conflict in China, again urged that "absorption take place naturally, without precipitating events, without taking premature steps, without seizing...
第 77 頁 - Dmytryshin et al., ed. and trans., Russian Penetration of the North Pacific Ocean: A Documentary Record 1700-1797 (Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1988), 65. 8 "Normalization...
第 55 頁 - Whatever people who possess documents of passage from either side, for the sake of the presently inaugurated friendship, may freely come and go to both states for their affairs on either side and may buy and sell what is necessary to them and it shall be so...
第 117 頁 - The mutual trade at Kiakhta really did not benefit China, but because the Great Emperor loves all human beings, he sympathizes with your little people who are poor and miserable; and because your senate has appealed to His Imperial Majesty, He has deigned to approve their petition. If you do not respect this friendly relationship you must never dream of being allowed to trade again.
第 205 頁 - It was not possible to carry out Communism or the Soviet system in China at present; (2) The Soviet government...

關於作者 (1996)

G. PATRICK MARCH pursued a 30-year career in cryptology with the U.S. Navy which involved duty in Asia, Europe and Africa. After final tours with the National Security Agency and the office of the Chief of Naval Operations, he retired with the rank of Rear Admiral. He has been a lecturer of history at the University of Hawaii and is the author of Cossacks of the Brotherhood (1990), with articles appearing in Pacific Historical Review and Sibirica.

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