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WILLIAM WOODVILLE ROCKHILL,
of the United States to China, 1900-1901.
The present compilation is primarily intended as a continuation of Sir Edward Hertslet's “Treaties, etc., between Great Britain and China; and between China and Foreign Powers," which was published in London in 1896 (2 vols., 8).
In view of the great importance of the industrial and commercial concessions made within the last ten years by China, not only to various Powers, but to divers foreign or mixed companies or corporations, and individuals, it has been thought advisable to include in the present volume the text of the most important of these documents, arranged in chronological order.
Part II of the work contains (1) the treaties, conventions, agreements, etc., made with or concerning Korea, and (2) the concessions or contracts for the building of railways, development of mines, etc., in the same country during the period covered in the first part of the work.
The sketch maps showing the boundaries of the territory leased by France at Kuang-chou Wan and that leased by Great Britain at Kowloon, are official; but it has been impossible to obtain the official Russian map giving the boundaries of the territory leased in the Liaotung Peninsula from China in 1898, and of the Neutral Zone north of the same.
The map given is a reproduction from the large map of North Eastern China, prepared by Mr. C. H. Waeber, formerly Russian minister to Korea, and is probably correct.
The map giving the boundaries of the territory leased by Germany at and around Kiao-chou, and by Great Britain at Wei-hai Wei, are also taken from Waeber's map. The official map of Wei-hai Wei, published in 1899 by the Intelligence Bureau of the British War Office, does not show the boundary of the territory leased, and those accessible, published by the German Government, do not show the boundary of the 50-kilometer zone around the Bay of Kiao-chou.
The general direction of the lines of railroad in construction, or for which concessions have been granted, may be seen by those interested in the subject on the “Commercial Map of China and Its Dependencies, showing the Areas Owned oi Leased by Foreign Powers,” issued in London in 1904 by the China League. For the northern railroads and their connections, the reader may consult also Stanford's "Map of the Siberian Railway," issued in London in 1904.
In translated documents the transcription of Chinese words has been altered to comply, in a general way, with the method in use in English.
The only public documents of any importance which have been omitted from the present compilation, exclusive of Postal Conven